Clinical Neuroscience - 2022;75(05-06)

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

Posture correction as part of holistic health promotion in Hungarian schools

SOMHEGYI Annamária

The primary prevention program of the Hungarian Spine Society was launched in 1995 with two goals: 1. to achieve that all school-children take part regularly in effective posture correcting exercises as part of physical education; and 2. to achieve daily physical education for all school-children. With appropriate governmental legislation and parliamentary decision both goals were integrated into the National Public Health Program in 2001 and 2003 and later in the national educational laws and... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

[B-cell depletion in the therapy of mulitple sclerosis: ofatumumab is a new player]

PUKOLI Dániel, VÉCSEI László

[Research results in recent years have demonstrated that B-lymphocytes play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The increased understanding of the disease process has resulted in the development of B cell-targeting antibodies as potential drugs for both relapsing and progressive forms of MS. Therefore, B-cell depletion therapies are becoming more prominent and determining in reducing disease progression. The first B-cell depleting anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody was... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

REM sleep, REM parasomnias, REM sleep behaviour disorder

SZÛCS Anna , MUTTI Carlotta, PAPP Anikó, HALÁSZ Péter, PARRINO Liborio

We review the literature on REM parasomnias, and their the underlying mechanisms. Several REM parasomnias are consistent with sleep dissociations, where certain elements of the REM sleep pattern emerge in an inadequate time (sleep paralysis, hypnagogic hallucinations and cataplexy) or are absent/partial in their normal REM sleep time (REM sleep without atonia, underlying REM sleep behavior disorder). The rest of REM parasomnias (sleep related painful erection, catathrenia) may have other... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

[Investigating cognitive impairment in communities of practice – lessons learned]

VAJER Péter, JANCSÓ Zoltán, CSENTERI Orsolya, SZÔLLÔSI Gergô József, ANDRÉKA Péter

[In the “Three Generations for Health” programme, general practitioners were responsible for screening for dementia in their practices using mini-COG and Mini Mental State Examination. The aim was to present the screening results of those included, their assessment by the doctor and the further fate of the patients. After mini-COG test, MMSE test was performed in case of suspected dementia. The examiner categorized the result as abnormal or no abnormal, recorded the referral, and recorded the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

Increased serum citrullinated histone H3 levels in COVID-19 patients with acute ischemic stroke

BAYAR Duran Muhammet , ŞIŞMAN Büşra Aysel , KORAL Gizem , ÇIRAK Selen , TÜZÜN Erdem , GÜNAYDIN Sefer , BAŞTAN Birgül

Prevalence of acute ische­mic stroke (AIS) is increased in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A proposed hypothesis is increased virus-induced propensity to hypercoagulation resulting in arterial thrombosis. Our aim was to provide evidence regarding the involvement of neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation (NETosis) in COVID-19 related AIS. Twenty-six consecutively enrolled COVID-19+ pneumonia patients with AIS, 32 COVID-19+ pneumonia patients without AIS and 24 AIS... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

COVID-19 can cause blink reflex abnormalities

COŞKUN Yunus , FİDANCI Halit , ÖZTÜRK İlker , ARLIER Zülfikar

Neurological symptoms and complications associated with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) are well known. It was aimed to evaluate the brainstem and trigeminal/facial nerves and the pathways between these structures in COVID-19 using the blink reflex test. Thirty patients with post COVID-19 (16 males, 14 females) and 30 healthy individuals (17 males, 13 females) were included in this prospective study. Individuals who previously had a positive nose swap polymerase chain reaction test for severe... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

COVID-19 and post-poliomyelitis syndrome: coincidence?

AGIRCAN Dilek , ETHEMOGLU Ozlem , GESOGLU-DEMIR Tülin

Although severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel virus, many central and peripheral nervous system manifestations associated with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) infection have been reported. Beyond the neurologic manifestations, we may still have much to learn about the neuropathologic mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here we report a case of post-poliomyelitis syndrome (PPS) related to COVID-19 and attempt to predict the possible pathophysiologic mechanism... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 30, 2022

TikTok and tics: the possible role of social media in the exacerbation of tics during the COVID lockdown

NAGY Péter , CSERHÁTI Helga , ROSDY Beáta , BODÓ Tímea, HEGYI Márta , SZAMOSÚJVÁRI Judit , FOGARASI Joseph Dominic , FOGARASI András

Over the past year, many cases with newly onset or significantly exacerbated tic disorders were observed worldwide, where some aspects of the clinical presentation or the symptomatology were atypical for established tic diagnoses. Our purpose was to describe the atypical cases and raise relevant diagnostic issues. Consecutive cases with atypical tic presentations were documented. Five atypical tic cases are described. These cases shared some common characteristics, most notably the fact that... tovább »