Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 03, 1954

[Operated case of infratentorial dermoid cyst]


[In our report, an infratentorially located dermoid cyst was removed. We considered our case worth reporting due to the possibility of establishing a preoperative specific diagnosis, the rare occurrence and unusual size of the dermoid cyst.]

Clinical Neuroscience

FEBRUARY 10, 1953

[Clinical data for permeability of the blood-ventricular barrier]


[The authors used Amsler and Huber's electrical zero point method to investigate the permeability of the blood-retinal fluid barrier to fluorescein in 150 cases (iritis, glaucoma, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chorioretinitis, myxoedema, heterochromia iridis, Horner's syndrome, contusio bulbi, retinal haemorrhages, allergic eye diseases, multiple sclerosis, ggl. ciliare, ggl. stellatum novocain blockade). Glaucoma infl. chron. and gl. simplex, normal permeability was found. In acute attacks, there was no significant increase in permeability, but after the attack, blood-vascular barrier permeability was significantly increased. In cases of contusio bulbi, Horner's syndrome, ggl.ciliare, ggl. stellatum novocain blockade, permeability increased only if ocular tension decreased at the same time, suggesting the possibility of so-called secretory blockade (apparent increase in permeability according to Goldmann.) In cases of retinitis hypertonica, anaemia with a significant increase in permeability was often observed. In cases of anaemia perniciosa, permeability was also increased (anoxic phenomenon). After local administration of pilocarpine, histamine, adrenaline and after i.v. injection of hydase, no difference in permeability was found. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 09, 1953

[Pregnancy vomiting in the light of Pavlovian reflexology]

KLIMES Károly, TARJÁN György

[Vomiting during pregnancy has long been a well-known, almost physiologically accepted complication of pregnancy. The old textbooks divided the phenomenon of increased vomiting in pregnancy (hyperemesis gravidarum) into toxic, reflex and psychogenic causes. In addition to the minor error of scientific arbitrariness, there was a much greater therapeutic error, in that the doctor's therapeutic activity, which was almost entirely subjective, oscillated between excessive prescriptions and the trivialisation of vomiting. On many occasions, however, what started out as harmless vomiting in pregnancy became more and more severe, the patient became dehydrated as a result of the increasing vomiting and the picture became increasingly toxic. It is also important to note that severe toxic vomiting was an indication for abortion, and therefore the precise assessment of the vomiting condition was not only a medical but also a socio-political and even moral task.]

Clinical Neuroscience

NOVEMBER 20, 1953

[The u. n. treatment of acute fatal catatonia electrospasm]


[Attempts have been made to deconstruct the nosolgical entity of schizophrenia from several angles. A detailed differentiation on the basis of psychopathology may be useful in order to find a closer link between the diverse biochemical, pathophysiological, morphological sub-scores and the psychopathological picture. Morphological lesions (Miskolczy, Hechst (Horányi), Josephy, Fünfgeld), as Miskolczy emphasises, only provide a consistent picture in certain forms of schizophrenia. The relative intactness of the cerebral areas (Stief, Hechst (Horányi)) is in contrast to some of the clinical symptoms, so that we can say that morphological lesions, whether of the brain or liver (Gaupp), etc., have not been able to prove the unity of schizophrenia or to clarify the affiliation of the different forms. Biochemical and pathophysiological research is at the stage of data collection, as Riebelling, in his most recent summary paper, has pointed out.]

Clinical Neuroscience

MARCH 11, 1954

[Experimental data on the mechanism of the tetanus inhibitory reflex]


[1. Our various tetanus interventions: During max. flexion, extension, trunk flexion, and slight compression of the chest, one or more muscle groups are always stretched. Prolongation of muscle or tendon is an adequate stimulus of proprioceptive receptors. Proprioceptive stimuli trigger the tetanus reflex. 2. Tetanus inhibition lasts only as long as the muscle is kept stretched. 3. During inhibition, the animal is capable of appropriate reflex movement. 4. The anti-tetanus reflex, when properly affected, also develops in the spinal cord of an incised animal during transection. 5. Clonus spasms caused by Cardiazol cannot be reduced by effects based on muscle or muscle elongation. 6. If the spinal cord is cut at the height of one of the dorsal segments and then the animal is poisoned with strychnine, the known effect on the pharmacy develops weaker and later during the incision.]