Clinical Neuroscience - 2022;75(07-08)

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

Comparison of orexin-A and neurofilament light chain levels in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a pilot study

SARUHAN Ercan , KORKMAZ Muammer , ALTIPARMAK Basak , TOSUN Kursad , KUTLU Gulnihal

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system, with myelin degeneration and Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) as the most common type. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of Neurofilament Light Chain (NFL) and Orexin-A (OXA) in patients with RRMS and compare it with healthy control subjects’ data. In this case-control study of 61 subjects, serum and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected from 23 RRMS patients and 38 healthy control... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

Early and late predictors of postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction in cardiac surgery

URCUN Salim Yusuf , ALTUN Yasar , PALA Aybars Arda

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a multifactorial image characterized by insufficiency in features such as the ability to perform tasks requiring high brain functions. Cognitive dysfunction such as memory loss and decreased concentration, confusion, and delirium are common conditions in some patients in the early period after major surgical interventions such as cardiac surgery. POCD causes delays in postoperative recovery, long return-to-work times, and decreased quality of life.... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

An endoscope-assisted craniometric cadaveric study for the brain stem and the cisternal segment of the trochlear nerve

BAŞAK Tulgar Ahmet , ÇAKICI Nazlı

This study analyzed the relationship of trochlear nerve with neurovascular structures using craniometric measurements. The study was aimed to understand the course of trochlear nerve and minimize the risk of injury during surgical procedures. Twenty trochlear nerves of 10 fresh cadavers were studied bilaterally using endoscopic assistance through the view afforded by the lateral infratentorial-supracerebellar, and the combined presigmoid-subtemporal transtentorial approaches. Trochlear nerves... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

Neonatal brachial plexus palsy – early diagnosis and treatment

BERÉNYI Marianne , SZEREDAI Márta , CSEH Ágnes

The incidence of brachial plexus palsy (BPP) has decreased recently, but the indivi­d­ual’s quality of life is endangered. To provide better chan­ces to BPP neonates and infants, the Department of Developmental Neurology worked out, introduced, and applied a complex early therapy, including nerve point stimulation. After diagnosing the severity of BPP, early intensive and complex therapy should be started. Appro­x­imately after a week or ten days following birth, the slightest form... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

A cross-sectional study on the quality of life in migraine and medication overuse headache in a Hungarian sample: understanding the effect of headache characteristics

MAGYAR Máté , KÖKÖNYEI Gyöngyi , BAKSA Dániel, GALAMBOS Attila, ÉDES Edit Andrea , SZABÓ Edina , KOCSEL Natália , GECSE Kinga , DOBOS Dóra , GYÜRE Tamás , JUHÁSZ Gabriella , ERTSEY Csaba

Previous studies using generic and disease specific instruments showed that both migraine and medication overuse headache are associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of our study was to assess HRQoL differences in migraineurs and in patients with MOH and to examine how headache characteristics such as years with headache, aura symptoms, triptan use, headache pain severity and headache frequency are related to HRQoL. In this cross-sectional study 334 participants... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

[Telecare in Parkinson’s disease: A nationwide survey among Hungarian neurologists ]

PINTÉR Dávid , JÁRDAHÁZI Evelyn , JANSZKY József , KOVÁCS Norbert

[COVID-19 has made providing in-person care difficult. In most countries, including Hungary, telemedicine has partly served as a resolution for this issue. Our purpose was to explore the effects of COVID-19 on neurological care, the knowledge of neurology specialists on telemedicine, and the present state of telecare in Hungary, with a special focus on Parkinson’s disease (PD). Between July and October 2021, a nationwide online survey was conducted among actively practicing Hungarian neurology... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

A case study of acute oropharyngeal palsy concomitant with diabetic ketoacidosis

LANTOS Judit , BARTA Zsanett , NAGY Albert , VINCZE Rita , FÜLE Kálmán , BIHARI Katalin

Acute oropharyngeal palsy is a rare variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome. In our study we present the case of a 63-year-old man with general symptoms who was diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis and prescribed insulin therapy. Two weeks later, the patient complained of paraesthesia of the perioral region and the tip of the tongue, dysphagia, and dysarthria. These symptoms were initially thought to be complications of the patient’s type-1 diabetes. Due to rapidly developing paraparesis, the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

[The peak latency prolongation of the blink reflex in a patient with trigeminal neuralgia of Meckel’s cave mass ]

KU D. Bon , SHIN Young Hyun

[The blink reflex test of the trigeminal nerve can provide valuable information about lesions site. However it may not find small compressive lesions. We observed peak latency prolongation of the blink reflex test in a patient with trigeminal neuralgia caused by a small Meckel’s cave mass, in whom the onset latency was normal. Conclusion – We suggest peak latency of the blink reflex might be a valuable aid for discerning small mass in patients with trigeminal neuralgia. This is the first... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2022

[COVID-19 with strange hallucinations and focal EEG abnormalities: Two case reports]

CLEMENS Béla

[Scientific literature about the ongoing COVID-19 disease and pandemic is considerable, though articles concentrate on the severe cases and their central nervous system manifestations. This article demonstrates two cases: middle-aged female patients who had serologically proven SARS-CoV-2 infection with mild upper airway and central nervous system symptoms. The patients reported vivid, strange, simple, and complex visual and auditory hallucinations. A characteristic element of these complex... tovább »