Hypertension and nephrology - 2022;26(02)

Hypertension and nephrology

APRIL 22, 2022

[Echocardiographic judgment of the left ventricular remodelling and heart failure’s types]

HATI Krisztina

[The heart responds to the damage to the heart muscle with various changes that are regulated by complex processes. If the harm is irreversible, changes that begin as an adaptation can become chronic and permanently worsen heart function. The author details below the pathological remodelling of the left ventricle that can lead to heart failure. It covers the types of heart failure based on the latest recommendations and presents the echocardiographic examination methods that can be used... tovább »

Hypertension and nephrology

APRIL 22, 2022

[Cilostazol improves quality of life and lower limb functional capacity in lower extremity arterial disease regardless of age and gender – new results of the SHort-tERm cIlostazol eFFicacy and quality of life (SHERIFF) study]

FARKAS Katalin, KOLOSSVÁRY Endre , JÁRAI Zoltán

[Intermittent claudication has a significant negative impact on the patients’ quality of life. Revascularization procedures and noninvasive medical therapie scan improve walking capacity. Cilostazol has IA recommendation for the treatment of intermittent claudication (IC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three-month cilostazol treatment on the health related quality of life and on the lower limb functional capacity in women (F) and men (M), in patients under 65 years... tovább »

Hypertension and nephrology

APRIL 22, 2022

[The efficiency of angiotensin receptor blocker/neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) treatment in heart failure 2021 ARNI, VIDI, VICI…]

VÁRALLYAY Zoltán, KÉKES Ede

[A new compound ARNi (valsartan/sacubitril) – as a member of a new pharmacoterapeutic group – has several clinical evidences almost in the whole spectrum of heart failure, especially in case of reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and hypertension. The most important and essential evidence based studies and the efficiency of the treatment with ARNI in heart failure have been demonstrated in this overview. Due to the favorable results of the studies the recommendations of ARNI... tovább »

Hypertension and nephrology

APRIL 22, 2022

[Novelties in the diagnosis and treatment of X-linked hypophosphatemia]

RUESZ György Sándor, MIKES Bálint, CSIZEK Zsófia, HORVÁTH Orsolya

[X-linked hypophosphataemia (XLH) is the most common inherited cause of phosphate wasting. Its pathogenesis is complex, determined by the dysregulation of phosphate homeostasis and bone metabolism. We review herein the pathophysiology of XLH leading to multiple manifestations, stages of diagnosis and the treatment strategies. XLH is now in the scientific interest of pediatric nephrology, because a new treatment modality, burosumab became available in Hungary. Burosumab is a monoclonal... tovább »

Hypertension and nephrology

APRIL 22, 2022

[The importance of white-coat and masked hypertension: novelties]

ALFÖLDI Sándor

[White-coat hypertension is a heterogenous clinical entity includes patients with lower and higher cardiovascular risk. It has a relative benign prognosis if it is not associated with other cardiovascular risk factors. It can increase, however, significantly the risk of new onset sustained hypertension and diabetes. The risk of cardiovascular events is unequivocally higher than that of normotensive patients, according to recent studies. Therefore, the proper evaluation of cardiovascular... tovább »

Hypertension and nephrology

APRIL 22, 2022

[Covert cause of secondary hypertension for eleven years]

CSITÁRI Gergő László, BÍRÓ Edina, GENCSIOVÁ Kristína, BESIR Viktória, ALFÖLDI Sándor, SIMONYI Gábor

[In our study, we would like to present a secondary hypertension case with more than eleven years of medical history. Adequate diagnosis was evident from the beginning, certified by histological findings in addition to the typical clinical picture. Because of its endocrine relations this case report could be useful not only to hypertonologists, but also to diabetologists and obesitologists. At the end of our article, we have tried to summarize the most important messages for... tovább »

Hypertension and nephrology

APRIL 22, 2022

[Chronic stress in the development of essential hypertension. Role of rilmenidine in the treatment of stress induced hypertension]

SIMONYI Gábor

[Hypertension is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Several factors contribute to its development, including chronic stress, which may induce hypertension by increasing sympathetic activity. The signs of increasing sympathetic activity can be primarily detected in the initial phase of hypertension, which is characterized by the increase in cardiac output. In addition to the hemodynamic consequences (increase in cardiac output, tachycardia, coronary... tovább »