Lege Artis Medicinae - 1992;2(05)

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Treatment of endodermal thyroid cancers]

ÉSIK Olga, NÉMETH György

[Following staging procedures, differentiated thyroid cancers i. e. papillary and follicular carcinomas, are surgically treated with intra- or extracapsular total thyroidectomy (depending on the anatomical extent of the disease) and selective lymphnode dissection. Postoperative complementary use of adjuvant external and systemic radiotherapy is the general practice. External irradiation decreases local/regional relapses in all cases. Radioiodine treatment decreases local/regional/ distant... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Correspondence]

CSIZÉR Zoltán

["Programmed cell death" I read with great interest and attention Dr. Béla Szende's excellent communication on the biological and pathological significance of programmed cell death (apoptosis). Although the phenomenon of apoptosis (albeit under a different name) has been described for more than twenty years, its importance in the regulation of tissue homeostasis has only been recognized in the last few years. In 1991, for example, Jean Claude Ameisen and Andre Carpon of the Pasteur Institute in... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Malnutrition syndrome in childhood part II.]

BAKSAI László, PHILIP W. H. Esker

[Malnutrition is a chronic nutritional disorder resulting from insufficient intake of caloric energy and/or some fundamental nutrients. Since it is the most common public health problem in the world it has a great impact on pediatric morbidity and mortality. The etiology is extremely complex. When one considers the less severe symptoms and signs caused by vitamin-, mineral-, and trace element deficiencies, it is apparent that not only children living in underprivileged countries are affected.... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Operative Hysteroscopy]

BACSKÓ György

[Many thousands of hysterectomies are perfor med each year in women suffering from menorrhagia resistant to medical treatment but having, no demonstrable uterine abnormality. Hysteroscopy, the up to date diagnostic and therapeutic method can help to get advance in the diagnosis and therapy in these situations. In addition to permitting more precise diagnoses to be made, hysteroscopy allows the endometrium to be treated selectively under direct vision. The full thickness of the endometrium may... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Transvaginal ultrasonography of embryo development in prematurity, sono-embryology I. The embryo and its appendages]

CSABAY László, SZABÓ István, NÉMETH János, PAPP Zoltán

[The authors performed serial examinations by a high resolution transvaginal transducer during the first trimester of pregnancy to show the most important stages of the early embryonal development. This is a preliminary study to a prospective, detailed screening programme in the first trimester of pregnancy. The earliest sign of pregnancy can be detected at the 29–31st days of menstrual age using vaginal transducer. During the 5th week the (secondary) yolk sac can be seen, which is an... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Effects of drugs on permanent pacemakers]

BŐHM Ádám, ZÁMOLYI Károly

[Several antiarrhythmics can alter pacing thresholds. Especially, the Class 1 C drugs may increase the threshold. Corticosteroids and sympathomimetic agents lower the threshold. Some drugs must be avoided in pacemaker dependent patients. The potential pacemaker-drug interaction must always be considered when prescribing a new drug. Significant clinical sensing problems have not been recognized with antiarrhythmic drugs. The sensor function of rate responsive pacemakers can be altered by... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Diagnostic possibilities in giardiasis]

DÖNGÖLŐ László, NEMESÁNSZKY Elemér, NEUMARK Tamás

[Giardia lamblia is the most commonly found pathogenic parasite in the Western World. Recently cysts of Giardia lamblia were isolated from drinking water in Hungary. Giardiasis is an infection that is often not promptly suspected and diagnosed because of the greatly variable expression of the disease. The spectrum of presentation is broad: there are asymptomatic individuals and patients showing gastroenteritis or hepato-biliary syndrome as well as gastritis-duodenitis syndrome. Giardia alters... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Clinical prognostic factor of breast cancer]

SVASTICS Egon, RINGWALD Gábor, SZÁMEL Irén, TÓTH József, BESZNYÁK István

[The authors are of the opinion that the investigation and determination of prognostic factors in breast cancer, like in any other malignant disease, are important. The data of their 744 breast cancer patients were studied by biostatistical methods. According to the results the state of nourishment, data of patient's reproductive life, number of abortions, cancer in the family and the localization of the tumor do not have any impact on survival. Concerning the age, the survival probability of... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Bulimic features in obesity]

TÚRY Ferenc, LÁSZLÓ Zsuzsa, SZENDREY Gabriella, JOÓ Mária Nóra, PRÓNAY Gábor

[Obesity, which has great significance in public health, can often be regarded as a psychosomatic disorder. Its connection to the classic forms of eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia) can be conceptualized on the basis of a continuum hypothesis stressing the continuity among these forms. About half of obese subjects also show bulimic symptoms (binges, vomiting, laxative abuse) according to the data in the literature. The authors examined this subgroup of obesity (or bulimia) with various eating... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Treatment of gallstone disease]

[Cholecystectomy is the most common operation performed in surgical departments in Hungary. In Hungary, 17,000 cholecystectomies are performed every year. The mortality of the operation without opening the bile ducts is 0.4 - 0.7%.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Proposal for the short and medium-term health programme of the Hungarian Socialist Party]

[In order to define the tasks and capacity of the health care system, we must start from the current situation, which is characterised primarily by the health status of our inhabitants and the quality of care provided by health care institutions: surgeries, hospitals. In assessing these, we must also take into account the government's efforts to make changes and the consequences of these so far. In this context, the health of our people and our health care can be characterised by the following... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Abortion]

FRENKL Róbert

[- What will become of this? In health, in the church, in society, in legislation? I feel a moral basis for reflection, not because I am averse to such interference as a human being and as a doctor - that is natural - but because my children have been born, and even more so because in some cases, when young and older couples, friends and acquaintances have honoured me with their trust, asking for advice in a conflict situation, they have decided, as a result of their joint deliberations, to... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Report]

ANDRÁS László

["...our government..." conversation with Erzsébet Jantsky, Secretary of the Christian Medical Association]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Report]

ANDRÁS László

[Already and still Supervisory Board]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Faces from Parliament]

ANDRÁS László

[In our previous issue Endre Pokony talked about his career and life, now we publish part II of his interview. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[The state of alternative medicine in Europe]

SZÁNTÓ Zsuzsa

[In the last decade or two, alternative healing practices have emerged and spread rapidly throughout the "western world" and recently in Hungary. In almost all Western European countries, it is now legal - even for lay people - to practise healing activities that were previously forbidden. Legalisation has taken place formally in some places or is in the process of taking place, but in others the situation is similar to that in Hungary: the existing law has been implicitly repealed. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Memory of Lipót Windisch]

KISS László

[The developer of the Rókus Hospital died 150 years ago]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[On student evaluation of the teaching work in the department...; Specialist examination in internal medicine]

S. C., K. A.

[A draft of the student evaluation of the teaching work in the department has been prepared, which tries to standardise the questionnaires published by the different institutes every now and then, and offers a series of tests that include the evaluation of lectures, exercises, exams and teachers. This evaluation system has become necessary as a result of the education reform, and is an essential part of it, since it would finally provide factual material for the future selection of teachers,... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[Fine Arts]

LENGYEL László

["Spiritual eye-healing" Holy images in 18th century medicine.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[ICDS Congress Report]

SZABÓKI Ferenc

[The 6th Congress of the International Cardiac Doppler Society (ICDS) was held in Budapest, Hungary, 1-3 May 1992. This was the first meeting of the Society in an Eastern European country. The congress was preceded by 1 year of preparatory work by the Hungarian organizing committee, as a result of which 31 invited speakers, including 5 Hungarians, presented 37 papers in 9 plenary sessions. In addition to Doppler echocardiography, the congress also covered modern examination techniques which,... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 27, 1992

[About Books]

BUDA Béla

[A review of the book written by: Alfred H. Katz, Eugene I. Bender: "Helping One Another: Self-Help Groups in a Changing World"]