Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The Effect of Asthma Bronchiale on Everyday life Activities Among Adolescents]

RÁCZ Viktória Kinga1, HEGEDŰS Bianka Ágnes 2, SZEBENI-KOVÁCS Gyula 3, FERENCZY Mónika4

APRIL 30, 2022

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2022;35(2)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.55608/nover.35.0006

Journal Article

[The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between the physical activity of asthmatics, sleep disorders, the extent of asthma treatment, and to assess the quality of life in terms of physical activity. We conducted our quantitative, cross-sectional survey between 2020-2021. In a non-randomized, comfort sampling the target group was defined as adolescents aged between 14–18 years, their diagnosis of asthma bronchiale had to be for at least 1 year ago. The data were collected by a self-prepared questionnaire, the domains included: socio-demographic questions related to physical activites, symptoms, sleep disorders, severity of asthma. We used miniAQLQ to assess quality of life. The statistical analysis were performed by using Microsoft Excel 2016 and SPSS v 24 programs. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum), two-sample t-test, Chi-square test were performed. The mean age of the respondents was 16±1.51, 38% were boys and 62% were girls (N=105). There was no significant difference between physical activity and the frequency of seizures and sleep disorders (p>0.05). There is a significant difference between the genders and the symptoms increasing with intense exercise (p=0.02). We found significant correlation between the active participations in physical education classes and the severity of the disease (p=0.021). There is a significant correlation between moderate-, social activities and physical activity (p<0.05). Appropriate health education, recommendation in career choices as well as in physical activities done by nurses may lead to decrease in the number of suffocation attacks in cases of adolescents suffering from asthma bronchiale.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Fertőd Város Önkormányzat, Védőnői Szolgálat, Fertőd
  2. Szederinda Óvoda, Rózsafa
  3. Pécsi Tudományegyetem ETK, Living Lab Alapú SmartCare Kutatóközpont
  4. Pécsi Tudomány- egyetem ETK, Ápolás- tudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet, Ápolástudományi Tanszék, Szombathely

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