Lege Artis Medicinae - 2007;17(02)

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[THE DIFFERENTIATION OF CHRONIC PANCREATITIS FROM PANCREATIC CANCER]

CZAKÓ László

[The poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer is mainly due to late diagnosis. The differentiation between pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis is difficult, because the two diseases cause similar clinical symptoms and morphological alterations. Furthermore, chronic pancreatitis is associated with an increased risk of malignant transformation, thus the two diseases may be present simultaneously. The recent developments in molecular genetic tests and in imaging techniques, such as multidetector... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[THE ROLE OF ENZYME REPLACEMENT THERAPY IN PANCREATIC DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH MALDIGESTION]

TAKÁCS Tamás

[The pancreas synthesizes and secretes more than 20 digestive enzymes that hydrolyze the major nutritive components, i.e., carbohydrates, fat and protein, within the lumen of the small bowel. In several pancreatic diseases the secretory capacity of the pancreas gradually decreases and the release of pancreatic juice becomes blocked resulting in the characteristic symptoms of maldigestion. Pancreas-associated maldigestion is most often caused by chronic pancreatitis, which can be diagnosed... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[CARDIOVASCULAR EFFECTS OF SULFONYLUREAS]

NIESZNER Éva, BARANYI Éva, PRÉDA István

[Sulfonylureas, used as base therapy in type 2 diabetes, specifically block ATP-dependent potassium channels (K+ ATP). While in pancreatic beta cells these channels have an essential role in insulin release, they are also involved in cardiovascular adaptive mechanisms. Ion channels with similar morphology may have different pathophysiological effects in the human body. This raises the question, is it necessary to count with some damage to the cardiovascular protective mechanism when using... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[DIURETICS IN CARDIOLOGY: PRESCRIBE OR USE?]

NAGY Viktor

[Diuretics are essential therapeutic tools. They effectively reduce blood pressure and have been shown in numerous hypertension clinical trials to reduce both cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality. In addition, they are important components of the treatment of heart failure with apparent signs of congestion. While thiazides are recommended in mild forms, loop diuretics are used in the severe stages of congestive heart failure. Loop diuretics and thiazides often induce... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE AND THE ATTITUDES TO AGEING OF ELDERLY PEOPLE]

TRÓZNAI Tibor, KULLMANN Lajos

[BACKGROUND - The WHOQOL-OLD questionnaire was developed in a multicultural way. The authors were involved in this work as members of the international task force. In order to improve services for the elderly by learning their attitudes to ageing, an Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) was also developed by the working group. In the present study the authors assessed a sample of Hungarian elderly people by these two methods. Answers by elderly persons related to their quality of life,... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[DIFFUSE LARGE B-CELL NON-HODGKIN LYMPHOMA OF UNUSUAL LOCALISATION]

RESS Zsuzsa, ILLÉS Árpád, MATOLCSY András, TANYI Miklós, SZÖVÖRDI Éva, GERGELY Lajos

[INTRODUCTION - Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma frequently has bone involvement, but primary bone lymphoma is rare (around 4% of primary extranodal lymphomas). Long bones are most often affected, followed in frequency by the ribs, vertebrae, and pelvic bones. The main symptom is bone pain. CASE REPORT - The case of a young man is presented whose disease started with lumboischialgia. Since rheumatological treatment did not relieve the symptoms, MRI was performed, which showed a tumour with massive... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[A RARE, HISTOLOGICALLY COMPLEX LIVER TUMOUR]

HIDVÉGI Judit, BAJTAI Attila, VARGA Árpád

[INTRODUCTION - Among the primary malignant tumours of the liver, hepatoblastoma is extremely rare in adults in contrast to its frequency in children. Only 23 such cases have been published to date. Mixed tumour of the liver and carcinosarcoma of the liver are used as synonyms for adult hepatoblastoma. The tumours have both mesenchymal and epithelial components (hepatocellular or cholangiocellular carcinoma) with focal bone and/or cartilage formation. CASE REPORT - A 78-year-old woman was... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

[EFFECT OF END-OF-LIFE EDUCATION ON MEDICAL STUDENTS’ AND HEALTH CARE WORKERS’ DEATH ATTITUDE]

HEGEDÛS Katalin, ZANA Ágnes, SZABÓ Gábor

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of our research was to evaluate the effect of courses for health care workers and medical students that deal with death, dying and bereavement and that of courses on hospice care of dying patients. The goal of the courses is to make communication on death more open by exploring critical issues related to fear of death to reduce inner anxiety and to improve attitude to dying patients. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD - Participants (n=168) completed Neimeyer and Moore's... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 22, 2007