Lege Artis Medicinae - 2003;13(04)

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 20, 2003

[Human adult lactose intolerance: diagnosis and therapy]

BERÓ Tamás

[Human adult-onset lactase decline, characterised by a decrease in intestinal lactase enzyme activity is a biologic feature characteristic of the maturing intestine in the majority of the world's population. It demonstrates an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance and it is regulated primarily by the rate of lactase gene transcription. Ingestion of high quantities of lactose-containing foods by patients with adultonset lactase decline results in intestinal symptoms, including bloating,... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 20, 2003

[Investigation of skin microcirculation in diabetes mellitus by laser Doppler flowmetry]

KOLOSSVÁRY Endre, FARKAS Katalin, STELLA Péter, FARSANG Csaba

[The prognosis of patients with diabetes mellitus is mainly influenced by vascular complications which is partly due to the deterioration of the microcirculation. Laser Doppler flowmetry is a suitable method to investigate the complex disturbance that characteristic for diabetic microcirculation. This review gives a summary of the anatomical, physiological and theoretical backgrounds and the possibilities in diagnosis given by Laser Doppler flowmetry.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 20, 2003

[Actual questions of nitrate therapy]

KIRÁLY Csaba, CZURIGA István, KRISTÓF Éva, ÉDES István

[The nitrates are one of our oldest medicine. This article summarizes the general and the cardiovascular effect of the nitrates, the question of the nitrate tolerance and the ways of avoiding this. On the basis of the clinical studies the article describes the theoretical and practical results of the nitrate therapy in myocardial infarct and post-MI patients. It also summarizes the cardiac and extracardiac indications of the nitrates with special regard to acute cardiac conditions (acute heart... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 20, 2003

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 20, 2003

[Principles of antibiotic use in clinical practice]

SZALKA András

[There has been a very significant reduction in morbidity and mortality associated with the use of antibiotics since they were first introduced, but, there has also been a concomitant rise in resistance among pathogens over the past 50 years. Moreover, antibiotics are sometimes associated with adverse events and their use can account for a significant proportion of the cost of treatment of some conditions. To ensure the optimal use of antibiotics doctors should use the most appropriate... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 20, 2003

[Conservative treatment of female urinary incontinence]

MATÁNYI Sándor

[Conservative treatment - lifestyle interventions, physical therapies, bladder retraining and devices - should be included in the counselling of incontinent women regarding treatment options. Obesity is an independent risk factor for the prevalence of urinary incontinence and weight loss would appear to be an acceptable treatment option for morbidly obese women. Chronic straining may also be risk factor for the development of urinary incontinence. Further research is needed to evaluate the... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 20, 2003

[Cervix and breast cancer screening in the districts of Hungary]

SÁNDOR János, SZÜCS Mária, KISS István, BONCZ Imre, SEBESTYÉN Andor, KISS Adrienn, EMBER István

[INTRODUCTION - Life expectancy in Hungary has been increasing recently but in a geographically uneven distribution. The mortality trends has remained disadvantageous for cancer patients and also for the malignancies of cervix and breast that can be preventable with screening. The study aimed to describe the participation at the district level in the screening programmes as well as to investigate the relative role of health behaviour of women and of the health services in determining the... tovább »