Lege Artis Medicinae - 2000;10(05)

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Aspirin therapy in diabetes mellitus]

ÁBEL Tatjána

[Patients with diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of cardiovascular events and this risk is often present in the prediabetic phase of the type 2 diabetes. Diabetic patients have altered platelet function, including increased production of thombox ane resulting in increased platelet aggregation. This effect is reversed by aspirin within few days after beginning treatment with 75 mg aspirin daily. These findings of primary and secondary prevention trials in men and women with dia betes... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[The role of apoptosis in human diseases]

SZENDE Béla

[Apoptosis and mitosis control the homeostasis of various cell populations. Several diseases are characterised by too much or to small amount of apoptosis. Carcinogenesis itself is connected with a decrease in apoptotic activity and malignant neoplasms are also known to show low apoptotic index. However, each type of malignant tumors should be viewed as a distinct entity, regarding the capacity for the induction of apoptosis especially. The role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis and progression... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Gout]

MITUSZOVA Mila

[In spite of our increasing knowledge about the pathomechanism, clinical classification and therapy of gout as well as the improving care of gouty patients, many problems of the field are unsettled. Among others, the atypical character of female gout, its more frequent occurrence in elderly women, the often aggressive character of the cyclosporin-induced gout belongs to the unanswered questions. Understanding the role of crystals covered by proteins (mostly IgG) in the induction of inflammation... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Reiter-syndrome]

GÉHER Pál

[The Reiter-syndrome is the complex of sterile arthritis, urethritis and conjunctivitis and involvement of other organs (skin, mucosal membranes, cardiac conducting system) following bacterial enteric or urogenital infec tion. Systemic signs can also occur with polyarthritis. This syndrome belongs to the reactive arthritis group. In each year there are 30 40 new cases among 100 000 citizens. The disease can occur at any age, but most of the patients are 20-40 years old. It is the patient's... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[The cervical spine in rheumatoid arthritis]

KORDA Judit, VERES Róbert

[The neck is the third most common site of involvement after the hands and feet in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Deformities of the cervical spine can appear in the early stage of the disease, but most often they are seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with more than ten years of duration. Progression of the deformity is unpredictable, but follow up for five to ten years has shown the worsening of the instability in 16-80% of the patients. Many patients with rheumatoid disease of the... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Hemodynamic changes during simulated orthostasis]

LÁSZLÓ Zoltán, RÖSSEL Andreas, HINGHOFER-SZALKAY G. Helmut

[INTRODUCTION – „Lower body negative pressure" (LBNP, simulated orthostasis) is an experimental method to simulate orthostatic stress. METHODS – The aim of this study was to quantitate hemodynamic and thoracic bioimpedance changes with four levels of LBNP (-15, -35, -55, -65 mmHg) in 7 healthy men in supine position 20 min before (pre-LBNP), 30 min during, and 20 min after suction as well as without suction (rest control). RESULTS - Thoracic bioimpedance computed stroke volume index... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Recent results in intensive care]

STEPHEN Stott

[In the last few years, intensive care has had a rather high level of publicity, but it is not so much the significant development of the profession, but rather, due to the scarcity of available resources. Although research is cumbersome because the patient population is heterogeneous and relatively small, the area has been enriched with a number of significant results in recent years. In this article, we present some recent results as well as innovations introduced in the field of vocational... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Parliamentary debate on healthcare]

NAGY András László

[On the proposal of the MSZP, the National Assembly organized a health debate day entitled Reform or Rhetoric. Árpád Gógl began his 40-minute introduction by criticizing the health policy of the Horn-Kuncze government. He stated that the Bokros package had shattered some elements of Hungarian health care: dentistry, sports health care, the sanatorium system, and in 1995 the expenditure had been halved from the 1990s.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[ Mental hygiene of staff accompanying dying patients; Options for reducing burnout and psychological burden]

HEGEDŰS Katalin

[Hospice work also has its myths and limits. Even the most careful care cannot always ensure good death for the sick and peaceful escort for the caregivers. A nurse working in a French hospice writes about the myth of good death and the often bitter reality: “The patient is lying tube-free in a quiet room; there may be pleasant background music; he is surrounded by his and his favorite pets. The nurse is always ready to hold her hand to the passer-by all the time. And if the situation is very... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Hungarian and European Lung Medicine Congress in Budapest]

VADÁSZ Imre

[April 12-15 The 51st of the Hungarian Pulmonary Society and the 1st Congress of the European Region of the International Union against TBC and Lung Disease (IUATLD). The program was grouped around three main themes: tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, and smoking. The location in Budapest and the main themes together indicate that the goal of the union was to open up to Eastern Europe. Of the three public disease problems, there is a significant difference between the western and eastern parts of... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

MAY 01, 2000

[Medical and health information literature in 18th century Hungary]

KAPRONCZAY Katalin

[The 18th century has led to very diverse developments in the cultural and scientific life of the country, as well as in areas affecting general welfare issues. The new ideas still came to us a little late, by intellectuals educated abroad - scientists, doctors, humanities. Everyone in their field tried to alleviate the backwardness of the country, to spread knowledge. As a general principle, following the spiritual currents abroad, it was professed that the basis of everything is the knowledge... tovább »