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Hungarian Radiology

OCTOBER 20, 2006

[Successful radiological diagnostics in Bouveret’s syndrome]

KISS Katalin, FARKAS Szabolcs, LUKOVICH Péter, MAGYAR Péter, MESTER Ádám, MAKÓ Ernő

[INTRODUCTION - Bouveret’s syndrome I is a rare clinical entity, a special form of gallstone ileus. Based on a case study the authors describe the clinical presentation, the complications and diagnostic work up of the Bouveret’s syndrome I. CASE REPORT - A 75-year-old female patient with repeated vomiting and haematemesis was examined. Known gallstones and obstructive jaundice was noted in the case history. Urgent gastroscopy was performed at admission, which proved haemorrhagic esophagitis as the cause of the haematemesis. A gallstone was found by endoscopy distal to the pyloric region obstructing the bowel lumen. Radiological examinations proved the presence of the stone exactly at the localization that was given. Surgery confirmed the diagnosis. CONCLUSION - Bouveret’s syndrome I should be considered in patients with repeated and long lasting vomiting and bile stone in the case history. Conventional X-ray may be sufficient to establish the diagnosis, however further imaging studies are needed to clarify exact anatomical situation and potential complications of the disease.]