Lege Artis Medicinae

[The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015]

MEZEI Zsuzsanna

DECEMBER 15, 2015

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2015;25(11-12)

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Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The asthma-COPD overlap syndrome]

NAGY László Béla

[The asthma bronchiale and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are not simple diseases, but heterogenous syndromes. In their most typical forms, asthma and COPD are clearly distinguishable, but many patients demonstrate features of both conditions. This is the asthma - COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). We present the latest findings in the pathogenesis, clinical characterisation, diagnosis, and management of ACOS. Because the limitations of the studies need future research, mainly to develop targeted therapy. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Leaving Paradise ]

GEREVICH József

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The positive additive effect of rosuvastatin on platelet aggregation parameters in patients with cerebrovascular disease]

FEHÉR Gergely

[Statin therapy is the cornerstone of anti-atherosclerotic treatment, and it considered obligatory in the secondary prevention of atherosclerotic diseases. Rosuvastatin is well-known and efficacious lipid-lowering agent and seems to have benefitial antiplatelet efficacy and anti-inflammatory profile. The aim of our study was to determined the antiplatelet effect of 20 mg rosuvastatin (Xeter®, Richter Gedeon Nyrt.) in clopidogrel treated cerebrovascular patients. 20 patients with documented ischaemic cerebrovascular events and on 75 mg clopidogrel daily treatment were included in our study. 20 mg generic rosuvastatin significantly decreased total cholesterol (5.67 vs. 3.99 mmol/l, p<0.05), low-density lipoprotein (3.11 vs. 1.92 mmol/l, p<0.05) and trigliceride levels (1.75 vs. 1.29 mmol/l, p<0.05), and there was a non-significant high-density lipoprotein increasing (1.28 vs. 1.36 mmol/l, p=0.09) and high-sensitive C-reactive protein level decreasing tendency (3.35 vs. 2.99 mg/l, p=0.07). Rosu­vastatin treatment significantly decreased ADP 5 µM (46.15 vs. 31.35%) and collagen 2 mg/ml (68.62 vs. 52.22%) induced platelet aggregation (p<0.05). 20 mg rosuvastatin has a robust antilipaemic profile with benefitial additive effect on agonist induced platelet aggregation.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Death-Telling Traumas of Physicians and Residents in Practice]

BERTA Emese, ZELENA András

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Rare genetic disease of copper metabolism]

SZILI Károly, VANYA Melinda, MÁGORI Krisztina, LAJOS György

[INTRODUCTION - Wilson’s disease is a rare genetic disease of copper metabolism. Nearly, 300 patients in Hungary suffering from Wilson’s disease CASE - 25-year-old male patients were examined because of because speech impairment and ocular symptoms. The increase in blood copper and ceruloplasmin and point mutations in the ATP7B proven confirmed the diagnosis of Wilson’s disease. DISCUSSION - In diagnosis of rare disease is not easy because of the variety of symptoms and the high costs of genetic testing, we would like to draw the attention to it.]

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Related contents

Clinical Neuroscience

[Decisional collisions between evidence and experience based medicine in care of people with epilepsy]

RAJNA Péter

[Background – Based on the literature and his long-term clinical practice the author stresses the main collisions of evidence and experience based medicine in the care of people with epilepsy. Purpose – To see, what are the professional decisions of high responsibility in the epilepsy-care, in whose the relevant clinical research is still lacking or does not give a satisfactory basis. Methods – Following the structure of the Hungarian Guideline the author points the critical situations and decisions. He explains also the causes of the dilemmas: the lack or uncertainty of evidences or the difficulty of scientific investigation of the situation. Results – There are some priorities of experience based medicine in the following areas: definition of epilepsy, classification of seizures, etiology – including genetic background –, role of precipitating and provoking factors. These are able to influence the complex diagnosis. In the pharmacotherapy the choice of the first drug and the optimal algorithm as well as the tasks during the care are also depends on personal experiences sometimes contradictory to the official recommendations. Same can occur in the choice of the non-pharmacological treatments and rehabilitation. Discussion and conclusion – Personal professional experiences (and interests of patients) must be obligatory accessories of evidence based attitude, but for achieving the optimal results, in some situations they replace the official recommendations. Therefore it is very important that the problematic patients do meet experts having necessary experiences and also professional responsibility to help in these decisions. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

A case with reversible neurotoxicity induced by metronidazole

EREN Fulya, ALDAN Ali Mehmet, DOGAN Burcu Vasfiye, GUL Gunay, SELCUK Hatem Hakan, SOYSAL Aysun

Background - Metronidazole is a synthetic antibiotic, which has been commonly used for protozoal and anaerobic infections. It rarely causes dose - and duration - unrelated reversible neurotoxicity. It can induce hyperintense T2/FLAIR MRI lesions in several areas of the brain. Although the clinical status is catastrophic, it is completely reversible after discontinuation of the medicine. Case report - 36-year-old female patient who had recent brain abscess history was under treatment of metronidazole for 40 days. She admitted to Emergency Department with newly onset myalgia, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision and cerebellar signs. She had nystagmus in all directions of gaze, ataxia and incompetence in tandem walk. Bilateral hyperintense lesions in splenium of corpus callosum, mesencephalon and dentate nuclei were detected in T2/FLAIR MRI. Although lumbar puncture analysis was normal, her lesions were thought to be related to activation of the brain abscess and metronidazole was started to be given by intravenous way instead of oral. As lesions got bigger and clinical status got worse, metronidazole was stopped. After discontinuation of metronidazole, we detected a dramatic improvement in patient’s clinical status and MRI lesions reduced. Conclusion - Although metronidazole induced neurotoxicity is a very rare complication of the treatment, clinicians should be aware of this entity because its adverse effects are completely reversible after discontinuation of the treatment.

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Velcade Won the Medicine of the Year Award]

Clinical Neuroscience

Restless Leg Syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease in women with iron deficiency anemia

KOLUKISA Mehmet, SOYSAL Pinar, GÜLTEKIN Özdemir Tugce, KARATOPRAK Cumali, BILGEN Rengin Halide, GÜRSOY Esra Azize

Background and purpose - Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) also known as Willis-Ekbom Disease (WED) is a common condition associated with reduced quality of life and other medical conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases. Despite its common occurrence, it is widely underdiagnosed and undertreated. Therefore, identification of high-risk individuals for RLS/WED bears diagnostic and therapeutic significance. Iron deficiency anemia has a role in the pathophysiology of RLS/WED and both conditions have been reported to occur higher in females. In this study, the frequency of RLS/WED among women diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia was examined as well as laboratory variables that could guide the clinician in the diagnosis of RLS/WED. Methods - A total of 51 women attending to the department of internal medicine with complaints of fatigue and tiredness and diagnosed as having iron deficiency anemia were evaluated using the International Restless Leg Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) diagnostic criteria for RLS. Laboratory variables were recorded. The severity of RLS/WED was assessed using the RLS rating scale in patients diagnosed with RLS/WED. Results - RLS/WED was diagnosed in 41.1% of the women with iron deficiency anemia. There were no significant differences between women with or without RLS /WED in terms of laboratory variables. Also, no correlations were observed between disease severity and laboratory variables. Conclusion - There is an 8 to 10-fold increase in the incidence of RLS/WED among women with iron deficiency anemia as compared to general population. Therefore, a possible diagnosis of RLS/WED should be kept in mind in all women with iron deficiency anemia.

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Increasing importance of invasive fungal diseases]

PRINZ Gyula, SINKÓ János

[INTRODUCTION - Invasive mycoses are life-threatening fungal infections affecting patients with severe underlying conditions or impaired immune system. According to epidemiological studies, the incidence of invasive mycosis is increasing in several patient groups. CASE REPORT - In patients who require ICU care, the majority of invasive mycoses are caused by Candida species. A shift has been observed within the spectrum of pathogenic species. In patients undergoing chemotherapy for acute leukemia and in recipients of allogenic stem cell transplantation, however, an increased morbidity and mortality of invasive aspergillosis have been observed. The authors discuss current issues regarding the diagnosis and treatment of invasive fungal diseases on the basis of case reports. CONCLUSION - Invasive mycoses are lifethreatening infections affecting patients with severe underlying conditions. While the opportunities of state-of-the-art medicine are expanding, the incidence and significance of these infections increases. If detected and treated in time with appropriate antifungal agents, these infections can be efficiently treated.]