Lege Artis Medicinae

[SELF-PERCEIVED HEALTH AND PSYCHOSOCIAL WORK ENVIRONMENT. - STUDY AMONG HEALTH CARE STAFF IN SUBOTICA, SERBIA]

PIKÓ Bettina, PICZIL Márta

JANUARY 20, 2007

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2007;17(01)

[INTRODUCTION - Studies have shown that work environment has a significant impact on workers’ health status and their reactions to stress, which may contribute to the development of illness, or, among health care staff, to burnout syndrome. The goal of the present study was to look at the relationship between psychosocial work environment and self-perceived health in a sample of health care staff living in Szabadka (Subotica, Serbia). METHODS - There were 253 health care workers in the study group. The majority were registered nurses, head nurses and assistants (together, 80.1%). Self-reported data were collected using a questionnaire on self-perceived health, frequency of psychosomatic symptoms, work shift pattern, and psychosocial work environment (e.g., the frequency of emotionally provoking situations or the level of dissatisfaction with work). RESULTS - Health care workers reported frequent experience of emotionally provoking situations. However, they often lack a connection network that would provide effective social support in these situations. In addition to the frequent occurrence of emotionally provoking situations and the lack of social support, voluntarily chosen extra work, shift work, and the low level of work satisfaction influence negatively their self-perceived health. CONCLUSIONS - The psychosocial work environment has a significant impact on the health care workers’ self-perceived health and the occurrence of psychosomatic symptoms. It would be necessary for health care workers to learn skills and techniques that help them cope with emotionally hard situations.]

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