Lege Artis Medicinae

[History of vaccine production in Hungary ]

ÓCSAI Lajos1

DECEMBER 21, 2020

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2020;30(12)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33616/lam.30.046

[This study presents the complete history of the Hungarian vaccine production, partly in association with the process of fighting vaccine-preventable infectious diseases, and underlines the fact that every government actively contributed to the age-adjusted mandatory vaccination schedule of the past 140 years. It demonstrates the various achievements from the smallpox lymph production through the launch of diphtheria serum production at Phylaxia and the establishment of the National Public Health Institute (OKI) with its vaccine production and the later institutional transformation of OKI into Humán as economic corporation to its closure. Among all OKI’s vaccine production activities, this study focuses on the production of influenza vaccines, due to its international importance in the 1960s and 1970s. The vaccine production against diphtheria tetanus and pertussis stands out from Humán’s activities, and the tetanus component of this vaccine is still used in the products of a multinational vaccine manufacturer. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Bagoly Egészségház, Nemzetközi Oltóközpont

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