Lege Artis Medicinae - 2019;29(01-02)

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Our stubborn misbeliefs on ageing ]

RAJNA Péter

[Stressing the continuous increase of elderly population, the author demonstrates the negative impact of technical development on everyday routines of old population. It can explain that members of younger generations often create false ideations on mental and cognitive abilities of older ones, and consequently some stubborn misbeliefs are existing here. He deals with the following four of them in details: (1) Young age means worth, while old age is equal to deficit, (2) Every old person... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Biological rhythms and ageing ]

PUREBL György

[Biological rhythms plays key role in maintaining health and preventing diseases. The changes of rhythms are normally associated to aging. Biological rhythms become more fragile along with the age and therefore they are connected to various age-related health problems. The interest about the strategies aiming to maintain or restore biological rhythms is increasing. There are evidences about the beneficial effect of rhythm restoration therapies in dementia and depression, but future studies are... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Eight questions and answers about anxiety in the elderly in family practice ]

CSATLÓS Dalma, VAJDA Dóra, MOHOS András, GONDA Xénia

[Anxiety is one of the most common psychological disorders in the elderly. Physical illnesses contribute to its development, but the opposite is also true: anxiety adversely affects the prognosis of many somatic illnesses, thus significantly enhancing morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the recognition and adequate treatment of anxiety disorders in the elderly are especially important in family practice, too. With the increase of life expectancy, the problems and illnesses of the elderly... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Early detection of patients with dementia in Primary Care ]

OSTORHARICS-HORVÁTH György, TORZSA Péter

[Mental decline is becoming more and more frequent in the elderly these days. The symptoms of dementia may be best detected early in family practice. Physicians may detect the symptoms of mental decline of different levels. General practitioners play an important role in the early detection of patients with dementia. General practitioners keep contact and communicate with the caretaker of the patient regularly. If necessary General Practitioners visit the dementia patients in their own home... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Pharmacotherapy of dementia ]

PÁKÁSKI Magdolna, KÁLMÁN János

[The goal of treatment of dementia-related disorders is to reserve cognitive and functional ability, minimize behavioral and psychological disturbances, and slow disease progression, since currently available therapies can not reverse the pathologic processes. Among them, the most common is Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. The authors review the therapeutic guidelines of these dementia types adapted to Hungarian conditions. Cho­li­nesterase inhibitors represent first-line therapy for... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Delirium in the elderly: a common and generally overlooked syndromE ]

SZENDI István

[Delirium is a disorder of the vigilance of attention and consciousness, and cognitive functions caused by brain disorders. It has an acute onset and a potentially fluctuating course. The neural dysfunction, which is responsible for the development of this syndrome often appears as a secondary condition due to systemic disorders. This is not a psychiatric illness: primary mental disorders do not cause troubles in the vigilance of consciousness. Among the elderly it occurs rather frequently,... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Medical and supportive tasks for patients with severe dementia ]

RAJNA Péter

[This summarizing paper demonstrates the main elements and tasks of severe dementia care of patients. Dementia care is provided on three levels of competence: level of specialist’s, that of physician’s and of caregiver’s/supporter’s. Because of increasing gravity of tasks during the progression of dementia the caregivers become(s) risk-persons from psychopathological points of views. The most important tasks of the everyday care are summarized in tables and the main factors of predominantly... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Animal-assisted therapies for the treatment of elderly dementia ]

SOMOGYI Szilvia

[The therapeutic value of the relationship between humans and animals should be considered in the cases of patients suffering from dementia with the onset in old age. This paper provides an overview of the animal assisted interventions in dementia. Reviews emphasize the positive effects of pet-keeping on mental and physical quality of life. However, it can also have adverse effects unless the pet is selected with caution. Regular animal assisted therapies within institutional framework provide... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Psychological resources of positive aging ]

OLÁH Attila

[This study has four parts. In the first part of the study the career of successful aging construct has been presented through the literature of gerontology from Cicero until nowadays while highlighting the problems that were until now hindering the validation of that scientific construct. Suggestions for kin concepts instead of successful aging (e.g. active, optimal, vital, effective aging) have been reviewed in detail. The second part of the paper presents the results of longitudinal and... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[What brings ICD-11 to psychiatry? ]

SZEKERES György

[On 18 June 2018, after 10 years of working the World Health Organization released the 11th edition of International Clas­si­fi­cation of Diseases. User-friendly development was a definite goal. For the first time, it is completely electronic. The renewal in regard to both formal and content aspects reflects dynamic development of medicine. It contains new chapters on immune sys­tem disorders, sleep disorders, sexual health and traditional medicine. The new edition contains 55000 possible... tovább »