Lege Artis Medicinae

[Delirium in the elderly: a common and generally overlooked syndromE ]

SZENDI István1

JANUARY 20, 2019

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2019;29(01-02)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33616/lam.29.007

[Delirium is a disorder of the vigilance of attention and consciousness, and cognitive functions caused by brain disorders. It has an acute onset and a potentially fluctuating course. The neural dysfunction, which is responsible for the development of this syndrome often appears as a secondary condition due to systemic disorders. This is not a psychiatric illness: primary mental disorders do not cause troubles in the vigilance of consciousness. Among the elderly it occurs rather frequently, might affect approximately a seventy five thousand elderly people in our country. Shockingly, almost two-thirds of these cases remain unrecognised, which has a significance for public health since it increases markedly the risks of morbidity and mortality. Due to the frequent multimorbidity and polypragmasia, the treatment of this syndrome is a challenge requiring complex medical knowledge. Systematic non-pharmacologic preventive strategies have particular significance in its care. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Pszichiátriai Klinika

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