LAM Extra for General Practicioners

[How to detect it? Dementia screening in primary care]

KÁLMÁN János, PAPP Edina, PÁKÁSKI Magdolna

FEBRUARY 18, 2014

LAM Extra for General Practicioners - 2014;6(01)

[The early stage of dementia, the diagnostic and clinical importance of prodromal stages of dementia have been increasingly recognised in the past few years. Nowa­days, simple, rapid, easy to use cognitive screening tests are available, such as the recently developed Early Mental Test and the standardised Mini-Mental State Exami­nation, Clock Drawing Test, which could help general practicioners in the recommended regular dementia screening. The aim of this review is to help general practicioners understand the nature and importance of prodromal and manifest stages of dementia syndromes, and to summarise the characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of dementia screening tests that can be used in primary care. In addition, practical hints are also integrated regarding the diagnosis, screening and referral of persons with high risk for dementia. ]

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[SECONDARY OSTEOPOROSIS IN GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES]

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LAM Extra for General Practicioners

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[The improvement of contact lens materials and types have made it possible to use contact lenses for visual rehabilitation besides optical and cosmetic use, The high oxygen permeability of contact lenses have extended the age limits for contact lens wear and encouraged clinicians to use them for therapeutic purposes, especially for pain relief and aiding cornea epithelialisation. Con­tact lenses can be worn safely for years if rules of hygiene are followed. Their use is most frequently abandoned because of contact lens related dry eye. Despite the high oxigen permeability, their prolonged wear increases the risk of inflammation.]

LAM Extra for General Practicioners

[About vitamin D - let’s combine!]

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[Vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide health problem. On the basis of the recommendations of the latest vitamin D consensus conference, we would like to draw attention to the significance of prevention as well as the recognition and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. We mention that some antipo-rotics designated “prefix” or “combi” are available that may ensure adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, thus improving patient’s adherence.]

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