Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The problem-based learning benefits in nursing education]

POZSÁR Hajnalka

DECEMBER 30, 2016

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2016;29(06)

[Modern teaching in the schools of the XXI century is marked by terms of flexibility, innovation and requires the introduction of numerous innovations. Schools are required to modernize the curriculum and education technologies, and to leave the traditional teaching methods. Modern educational systems and teaching methods reflect the relevant didactic assumptions to improve the effectiveness of teaching. Emphasis will be put the changes that are designed to create independent and creative personalities. The attention in education is no longer a person who learn, rather the individual who is critical thinking, this is extremely important in the nursing profession. The nurse is the only profile of health workers trained in health care. They are a standalone members of the health team, in the area of its work with the necessary cooperation with other members of the health team. This paper analyzes the characteristics of modern educational systems and teaching methods to improve nurse education, especially problem-based learning and cooperative work, as an important segment in the nurse education. Analysing the modern educational systems, we expect results which will serve as a guide, how to change traditional „ex cathedra” teaching, to interactive and modern education.]



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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The examination of the factors which are the underlying causes of the intrauterine fetal death]

ZUBOR Mónika, SZABÓ László, KARÁCSONY Ilona Hajnalka

[The aim of the study: Nowadays the most common obstetric complication is the stillbirth. The affected families suffer spiritually as well. The aim of our research was to identify those most common maternal factors which lead to the intrauterine death of the fetus. Material and methods: The retrospective research was carried out between January of 2007 and December of 2014 in Markusovszky Educational Hospital in Szombathely. During the non-random, targeted sampling, the research was carried out with the help of an essay which included the data of 50 people. Beside the descriptive statistics the authors also used Chi-squared test with the help of the Microsoft Excel program (p<0,05). Results: If we take into account the frequency of stillbirth, there is significant relationship between singular pregnancies and twin pregnancies (p<0,05). Among women from different ages there is a significant relationship between the frequency of endocrine diseases and stillbirth as well (p<0,05). According to the results the most common cause of the intrauterine death was hypoxia (32,6%). Conclusion:With the identification of high risk pregnancies at an early age and with the prevention the complications we could reduce the number of stillbirths.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The role of nurses in care of patients with Guillain- Barré syndrome]


[The aim of study: development of nursing diagnoses that contribute to these patients’ quality of supply, and to work out a procedure for patients with Guillot-Barré syndrome, used by datas in the literature. Test method and sample: The test method is document analysis. I analyze and compare the literature da-tas, between 1 July 2007 and 31 October 2015, details of handled GBS patients suffering from neurologi-cal department. Following the presentation of GBS epidemiology, and anatomy background I present cli-nical symptoms of the disease, their justification, the opportunities to diagnosys, the treatment criterias, required in order to achieve quality patient care. Results: Treatment and Care of determining the recovery and rehabilitation of Guillain-Barré syndrome is concerned. The quality of care plays a key role in the patient’s quality of life regarding the future, which are summarized in a procedural order.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Elements of health literacy among the Hungarian working population]

SZOBOTA Lívia, HIRDI Henriett Éva, BALOGH Zoltán

[Aim of the research: The authors’ objective was to reveal the state of health, lifestyle and health behaviour of economically active population. Research and sampling methods: The cross-sectional survey was conducted among white-collar workers in Hungary, selected using a random, sampling method. The data gathering took place using web-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The proprietary questionnaire used was based on the questionnaire used in the National Population Health Survey (OLEF) for the standard survey of health behaviour. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel 2010 software, using chi-square test and descriptive statistical method. They regarded the value of p <0,05 as significant. Results: The survey was completed by 735 workers (63% man, 37% woman). The average health value of workeres in the survey was 9.6 on a scale of ten grades. We separately analysed smoking habits and physical activity. Examining their state of health based on the psychosomatic symptoms scale, the respondents most frequently indicated back and lumbal pain, and sleep disorders. Conclusions: The results of survey revealed that the health condition of respondents is unsatisfying. Many white-collar workers are suffering from psychosomatic symptoms. On the whole it can be concluded that health behavior of workers needs to be changed. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Nursing career of the high-school students]


[Aim of the research: The aim of the study is to analyze the trends of student orientation in the age and compulsory education process by age group. In our research, we would like to answer the question of how much „popularity” the health care profession as a professional area among students participating in Hungarian public education. If you feel this area of expertise close to you, what kind of vision you have. Research and sampling methods: A self-constructed questionnaire was administered during 24 Oct 2017 - 13 Jan 2018. In all counties of Hungary, the authors sent it to at least one of the training sites and filled up with me (N=329). These training sites are involved in healthcare training. Data were analysed with SPSS 15.0 for Windows statistical program. Chi square, Mann-Whitney tests were applied (p <0,05). Results: Out of the 159 people (48%), 170 (52%) in the family have healthcare workers. When performing the controls of the distributions, we can conclude that there is no significant difference in the distribution between the two groups, so there is the same number - that is, statistically significant difference - of the proportion of those willing to choose the health care path. In terms of career choice, 276 (86%) of respondents believe it is likely to be oriented towards the health care path, with 46 people (14%) planning their life is in another direction. Seven of its principal did not answer the question. By completing the Mann-Whitney test, we can conclude that there is no significant difference between the two groups in the medians, so there is no difference - that is, statistically significant difference - with respect to career choice as a nursing profession’s esteem. Of the 329 participants, 215 (65%) replied that they would like to work as a nurse, while 114 (35%) responded that they would not choose this job. Conclusion: Don’t influence significantly the career entrant if there is a healthcare worker in the family. Who stand in front of career choice don’t influence significantly the appreciation but is more motivated by sympathy and helplessness toward another person.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Associated factors of independency in older adults with cognitive impairment living in a long term care institute]


[Aim of the research: Functional independence determines the elderly’s health and quality of life. In them cross-sectional study the authors analysed the associations between functional abilities (balance, gait, functional mobility, cognitive abilities), age, BMI and comorbidities and independency in older adults with cognitive impairment. Research and sampling methods: 110 elderly people were measured. Self-sufficiency was measured by the Katz-index, balance, and gait by the Tinetti Test and functional mobility by the Timed Up and Go Test. Correlations between variables were analysed with the Spearman’s rank-order correlation. Results: There was strong association between balance (r=0,557), gait (r=0,515), functional mobility (r=-0,647), and independency. It means the better the balance, gait, and functional mobility is, the higher the independency is. There was weak association between age, BMI, cognitive abilities, comorbidities and independency. Conclusion: Results show that preserving of the functional independence in older adults with cognitive impairment is a multidisciplinary task: physiotherapists and nurses should work together to complete doctors’ curative work of chronic diseases.]

Lege Artis Medicinae


RODÉ Magdolna

[Obesity represents a major public health problem in both developed and developing countries having rapidly increased in prevalence in the past two decades. Childhood obesity is of particular concern. Two of its associated diseases require special attention; metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes one of its components that are increasingly diagnosed in childhood. A key to prevention and treatment is healthy lifestyle. The importance of education to healthy lifestyle from early childhood cannot be overemphasized.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Is it necessary? - Opinions and experiences about a first aid programme for children - pilot study]


[INTRODUCTION - Starting first aid education in early childhood can be an effective method of knowledge transfer. AIM - Our aim was to examine first aid education related opinions of kindergarten- and primary school children, educators, and parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS - 871 people (children, educators, parents) were involved in our study. Opinions were measured with self-administered questionnaires, containing mainly open questions. RESULTS - General opinion of parents and educators on first aid education in childhood were mainly positive, but they also gave negative ones. The majority of participants had a positive opinion about our completed program. Based on the opinions of parents and educators first aid education is recommended by health care professionals. Opinions were independent from gender, age, lenght of time of working with children in all cases (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS - General opinion of parents and educators was varied, but it was generally positive concerning our program. Based on this results opinions can be changed with concrete activities. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The role of acupuncturists’ qualifications in randomized controlled trials of acupuncture]


[BACKGROUND - Randomized controlled trials (RCT) of acupuncture show heterogeneity in several ways. Acupuncture interventions used for the same conditions are greatly variable and so are study designs. METHOD - We evaluated the most frequently cited randomized controlled trials of acupuncture based on traditional Chinese medicine by examining practitioner background using elements of the “STandards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture”. The extracted data was compared with international guidelines and standards of traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture education. RESULTS - We identified 5 heterogenous educational systems with contact training hours ranging from 120 to 3000. The educational criteria set by 93.75% of the reviewed trials did not meet the standards of the World Health Organization guidelines for acupuncture education or the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies standard for Chinese medicine education. Education in traditional Chinese acupuncture is internationally heterogeneous and this heterogeneity was found to be underreported in 87.5% of these trials, not provided for in study design. DISCUSSION - The generalizability and external validity of the reviewed trials may be questioned regarding the participating practitioners’ training background. In the future, a similar evaluation of systematic reviews could help further elucidate the issue of educational heterogeneity in traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture trials.]