Lege Artis Medicinae

[THE PUBLIC OPINION ON ORGAN DONATION IN HUNGARY]

SZÁNTÓ Zsuzsa, SUSÁNSZKY Éva, TÜTTŐ Gabriella

SEPTEMBER 18, 2004

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2004;14(08-09)

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of this study was to explore the common knowledge and the opinion of the Hungarian population on organ transplants as part of a larger international study about the reception of new achievements in biotechnology and medical science. METHODS - The basis of the study was a representative national survey conducted in 2003 on a sample of 1000 people. We analysed the significant differences in the attitudes towards organ donation using the background variables of gender, age, education, family situation, place of residence, self-rated health and religious beliefs. To explain the differences in the willingness to donate we applied the method of binomial regression. Logistic regression was used to analyse the strength and direction of the linear relationship between dependent and predictor variables. The probability of willingness in a given group was represented by odds ratios. RESULTS - The respondents’ knowledge level differed by gender, age and education. The greater part of the population was not knowledgeable about the legal regulations concerning the transplantation of cadaver organs but after they were properly informed they agreed with the regulations. The odds of the motivation to donate organs after death differed significantly by age, education, family situation and self-rated health. The motivation to be living donors was influenced by age, place of residence and the level of altruism. CONCLUSION - The concerns expressed on the decrease of donation willingness due to the increase of the knowledge level of the population seem to be unfounded.]

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