Lege Artis Medicinae

[SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM]

VÁLYI Péter

MAY 20, 2005

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2005;15(05)

[Substance abuse is an immense problem in Hungary and around the world. Psychological effects of this condition are widely known for abusers and health care workers. Cardiovascular effects of illicit substances are much less well known and can develop as very severe diseases (myocardial infarction, extremely high blood pressure, intracerebral haemorrhage, sudden death etc.) and occur particularly in young people. The treatment of cardiovascular complications of substance abuse may differ from that accepted in non-abusers and some drugs (for example: β-blockers) may be contraindicated. In this review, the effects of substance abuse on the cardiovascular system are discussed, including effects of most commonly abused substances: cocaine, amphetamines, heroin, LSD, marijuana, inhalative substances. In this review the cardiovascular effects of sedato-hypnotics and most widely used substances (alcohol, nicotine, caffeine) are not adressed, since they are well known.]

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