Lege Artis Medicinae

[Relationship of adolescents’ eating behavior and motivations with self-control and risk perception]

SZABÓ Katalin1, PIKÓ Bettina2

NOVEMBER 30, 2021

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2021;31(11)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33616/lam.31.038

Journal Article

[Obesity and related diseases caused by unhealthy eating form a serious public health problem already in youth. In terms of prevention, it is essential to explore adolescents’ eating behaviors and factors influencing their diet. Our study aimed to explore adolescents’ eating behaviors, its motivations and their relation to self-control and risk perception related to eating behavior. Participants were 374 high school students (48% males; mean age: 16 years, S.D.=1.5) from Szeged and Bu­da­pest. Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection which assessed socio-demographics, eating behaviors, mo­ti­vation, eating behavior related risk perception and self-control. Using factor analysis, we categorized eating behaviors (“junk food/drink consumption”; “health-oriented nutrition”; and “snacking and habit-oriented nutrition”), and eating motivations (“social, emotional and external motives”; “traditions and internal motives”; and “health motives”). According to correlation analysis, self-control was positively related to health-oriented nutrition and health motives and negatively to junk food/drink consumption and social, emotional and external motives. These two latter factors were associated with an increased risk perception as well. Our results draw the attention to strengthen self-control and explore the role of risk perception and eating motivations in school health education programs. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Bölcsészettudományi Kar, Neveléstudományi Doktori Iskola
  2. Szegedi Tudományegyetem, ÁOK, Magatartástudományi Intézet

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