Lege Artis Medicinae

[In vitro diagnostic medical testing laboratories and EU standards; basic elements]

DEBRECZENI Lóránd, FEKETE Mátyás, VÁSÁRHELYI Barna

JULY 20, 2014

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2014;24(07)

[In the “in vitro diagnostic testing medical laboratories” particular attention should be paid to the confidental and reliable operation as to 60-75% of the information for medical decisions are derived from laboratory tests. The high-quality laboratory work is based on the standards created by the national professional boards. Laboratories in Hungary (as any other country around the world) should comply with the various directives and/or standards set out requirements: MSZ EN ISO 15189:2013, MSZ EN ISO 22870:2006, MSZ EN ISO 15197:2013, Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurements (GUM), guidelines of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), etc. Special attention should be devoted to the quality of the work (internal and external quality assurance). Participation in proficiency testing (MSZ EN ISO 17043:2010) is a must, where the results are evaluated by statistical methods as defined by the ISO 13528:2005 standard. Some aspects are summarized how to select appropriate laboratory services.]

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[INTRODUCTION - Based on statistics, accidents from various mechanisms are among the most common causes of death all over the world. Children are mostly affected in this situations. Our aim was to examine the first aid and accident prevention knowledge and attitude of the parents. PATIENTS AND METHODS - In this study parents of 3-7 years old children were involved in six kindergarten located in Hungary. A self-fill-in questionnaire was used to collect data. In the investigation 307 parents (N=307) were included. Out of them 234 respondents filled out the questionnaire correctly. The statistical analysis was made with SPSS 20.0 statistical software. For analyses deescriptive statistics, Chisquare- test and ANOVA were used. RESULTS - Three-quarters of the children have suffered at least one accident earlier (74.3%). Most of the accidents occured at home (88.5%). 174 parents attended first aid course earlier (74.4%), the previous knowledge is based mainly on the driving license (81.6%). Based on the answers it is important to teach children first aid (70.5%) and prevention (89.7%) knowledge in the kindergarten. There were only 10 parents, who answered all the situation questions correctly (4.3%). Between the subjective judgment of the financial status and the correct answers we found a significant correlation (p=0.03). The previously accomplished first aid training (p<0.05) and the educational attainment (p=0,029) had a positive impact on the results. CONCLUSION - The level of first aid knowledge of parents is lower than expected. Participate in first aid courses the level of knowledge could increase. It would be important, because some of the accidents can be prevented by acquiring proper knowledge.]

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