Lege Artis Medicinae

[How Psychoanalytic Psychobiography was Born ]

KŐVÁRY Zoltán

SEPTEMBER 20, 2017

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2017;27(08-09)

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Extraskeletal, intradural, non-metastatic Ewing’s sarcoma. Case report

OTTÓFFY Gábor, KOMÁROMY Hedvig

Intracranial localization of Ewing’s sarcoma is considerably very rare. Herein, we present clinical and neuroimaging findings regarding a 4-year-old boy with intracranial Ewing’s sarcoma. He was born prematurely, suffered intraventricular haemorrhage, posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus developed, and a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was inserted in the newborn period. The patient endured re­gular follow ups, no signs of shunt malfunction nor increased intracranial pressure were observed. The last neuroima­ging examination was performed at 8 months of age. Upon reaching the age of 4 years, repeated vomiting and focal seizures began, and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure were detected. A brain MRI depicted a left frontoparietal space-occupying lesion infiltrating the superior sagittal sinus. The patient underwent a craniotomy resulting in the total excision of the tumour. The histological examination of the tissue revealed a small round blue cell tumour. The diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of EWSR1 gene translocation with FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization). No additional metastases were detected during the staging examinations. The patient was treated in accordance to the EuroEwing 99 protocol. Today, ten years onward, the patient is tumour and seizure free and has a reasonably high quality of life.

Clinical Neuroscience

Novel structured MRI reporting system in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy - issues of development and first use experiences

LAKATOS Andrea, KOLOSSVÁRY Márton, SZABÓ Miklós, JERMENDY Ágnes, BAGYURA Zsolt, BARSI Péter, RUDAS Gábor, KOZÁK R. Lajos

Purpose - To develop an evidence-based, standardized structured reporting (SR) method for brain MRI examinations in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) suitable both for clinical and research use. Materials and methods - SR template development was based on comprehensive review of the pertinent literature with the basic sections and subdivisions of the template defined according to MRI sequences (both conventional and diffusion-weighted, MR-spectroscopy (MRS), and T2*-weighted imaging), and the items targeted on age-related imaging patterns of HIE. In order to evaluate the usability of the proposed SR template we compared data obtained from the brain MR image analysis of 87 term and 19 preterm neonates with the literature. The enrolled 106 infants were born between 2013 and 2015, went through therapeutic hypothermia according to the TOBY criteria due to moderate to severe asphyxia and had at least one brain MRI examination within the first two weeks of life. Ethical approval was obtained for this retrospective study. Descriptive statistical analysis was also performed on data exported from the structured reporting system as feasibility test. Results - The mean gestational age of the study population was 38.3±2.2 weeks; brain MRI was performed on 5.8±2.9 day of life, hence in 78% of our patients after the conclusion of therapeutic hypothermia. Our main imaging findings were concordant to the pertinent literature. Moreover, we identified a characteristic temporal evolution of diffusion changes. Interestingly 18% (n=19/106) of the clinically asphyxiated infants had isolated axial-extraaxial haemorrhage without any imaging sign of HIE. Conclusion - In this article our approach of reporting HIE cases with our novel SR template is described. The SR template was found suitable for reporting HIE cases, moreover it uncovered time and location dependent evolution of diffusion abnormalities (and pseudonormalization, as well), suggesting its usefulness in clinical research applications. The high number of isolated intracranial haemorrhages, and the changing diffusion pattern emphasizes the importance of early imaging in HIE.

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Pulmonary aspects of COVID-19 infection]

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[COVID-19 caused already the most serious pandemic of the past 100 years with increasing morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Due to the aerosol-born virus, pneumonia develops in a significant part (ca. 20%) of patients with serious forms of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) ca. in 5-8% of all cases. For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, it is very important to save their well-controlled condition and to continue the maintenance therapy in co-morbid COVID-19 infection. The role of pulmonary exercises and rehabilitation is crucial. Thus, pulmonology outpatient clinics gained additional follow-up activities such as the long-term post-COVID care with complex functional assessments and regular structural imaging of discharged patients.]

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[The role of zonisamide in the treatment of women with epilepsy]

JUHOS Vera

[The antiepileptic drugs can effect fertility, development of gynecological diseases and occurence of sexual problems. They can cause a number of “cosmetic” problem and also influence the selection of safe contraceptive method. Many antiepileptic drugs can cause congenital malformations or affect the new-born child’s psychomotor and cognitive development, therefore during pregnancy should be treated with extreme caution in women with epilepsy. Most types of epilepsies accompany the patient through their whole life. Women spend almost the third of their lives after menopause and - due to the formation of associated diseases as well - this period is also special. According to the 2013 recommendation of International League Epilepsy (ILAE), zonisamide is one of the first-line antiepileptic drugs in focal epilepsy. In my review I discuss women’s epilepsy in the viewpoint of the application of zonisamid. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Possible ophthalmological symptoms and complications of COVID-19 infections]

NAGY Zoltán Zsolt

[The COVID-19 infection that started in December 2019 in China became a pandemic. Initially, the publications were dealing with respiratory symptoms, but later on other non-specific, pandemic related syndromes were discussed in the medical literature, among them more and more ophthalmological symptoms. Essential ophthalmological knowledge is important since the air-born droplet infection is invading generally the mucous membranes. Conjunctiva is the most important mucous membrane of the eyes. Viral particles colonising the conjunctiva reach the nose by the tears and are spreading to the nasopharynx and finally the respiratory system, which is an alternative, ophthalmological way of the invasion. Nevertheless, more researcher doubt this ophthalmic route of the infection. The present study overviews the most im­portant ophthalmological and neurooph­thal­mological symptoms and syndromes. Intensive care units focus on maintaining the vital functions, however for saved patients there is very important the prevention or early therapy of ophthalmological complications.]