Lege Artis Medicinae

[Getting Rid of Cigarette...]

VADÁSZ Imre

SEPTEMBER 19, 2007

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2007;17(08-09)

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Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[BENEFICIAL EFFECT OF INSULIN DETEMIR ON THE BODY WEIGHT OF DIABETICS]

BECHER Péter

[Detemir is the newest base insulin analogue. In phase III trials and the PREDICTIVE study, the use of insulin detemir in various treatment regimens (basal-bolus or in combination with an oral antidiabetic) did not lead to weight gain in either types of diabetes, in contrast to what is usually observed with insulin therapy. Similar results were obtained when neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin or glargine were replaced by detemir, or insulin-naive patients received detemir as a new therapeutic regime. The mechanism of the beneficial effect on body weight is not clear yet. It may be related to the reduction in the number of hypoglycaemic episodes. It may also be associated with a stronger action of detemir on hepatocytes compared to peripheral tissues due to its acylation, which results in an effective suppression of hepatic glucose output without promoting lipogenesis in the adipocytes. Detemir reaches the insulin receptors of the hypothalamus faster than regular insulin, therefore, satiety develops in a shorter time. These hypotheses still require further studies.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Current Changes to the Domestic Drug Market]

GÁLNÉ Knippel Barbara

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Scientific Browsing]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Reduction in cholesterol using rosuvastatin therapy - MERCURY II trial]

NAGY Viktor

Lege Artis Medicinae

[“Diagnostics is Nothing Unless it Seeks Therapy...” An Interview with Internist János Hankiss by Elemér Nemesánszky]

GYIMESI Ágnes Andrea

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGICAL APPROACH TO CHILDREN'S SURMISES ON SMOKING]

BAK Judit, PIKÓ Bettina

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of our study was to explore school children'’s surmises on smoking. The following questions were in the focus of our analysis: what concepts children have about smoking and smoking-related diseases before adolescence? Have they already tried smoking? METHODS - The study was conducted among 3rd, 4th and 5th year school children (N=128) in two towns of Békés County, namely in Békés and Köröstarcsa. The sample consisted of 57% males and 43% females. Regarding sampling we followed international studies with similar aims where samples of 9-11-year-old average children were thought to be ideal for such study purpose using the draw-and-write technique. RESULTS - Most respondents from the study have not tried smoking yet. On the other hand, there are great number of adults who smoke in children’s environments, in many times, both parents do. Despite these facts, children’s attitudes toward smoking is rather negative. Children'’ s opinions reflect many negative aspects of smoking: the health-damaging effect, the financial aspects, the negative effects for social and physical environment. CONCLUSIONS - Similar to previous international studies, children of our sample possess correct and comprehensive knowledge of the smoking-related health problems. Findings of our study provides a support to the need of a smoking prevention program for children in the age of their negative opinions of smoking and well before the peer group effect is getting significant.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The challenges of education in gestational diabetes ]

SEBESTYÉN Anett Katalin

[The aim of the author is to draw attention to difficulties of pregnant women’s education who suffer from gestational diabetes. Due to the global increase of gestational diabetes, this topic’s importance and actuality is getting more relevant. The key of the successful diabetes treatment is the education. In the course of that it is important to choose a strategy, with that the patient can get as much special skills as she can and will be able to keep the ideal and progressive balance of metabolism. Through to the personal education here is a chance to put an end to the patient’s fears, to increase their motivation and to encourage them. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Chlamydia pneumoniae in coronary arteries of young adults]

HORTOVÁNYI Eszter, ILLYÉS György, GLASZ Tibor, KULKA Janina, KÁDÁR Anna

[INTRODUCTION - An association of Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) with coronary heart disease has been found with seroepidemiological methods. This organism was demonstrated in atheromatous plaques by electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and polymerase chain reaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS - To better understand the significance of the presence of C. pneumoniae in atheromatous plaques, we examined coronary artery segments from young adults (15-34 years) with and without atherosclerosis. 74 samples of left anterior descending artery were examined immunohistochemically for the presence of C. pneumoniae by the monoclonal antibody RR402. RESULTS - C. pneumoniae was identified in the atheroma in 11 of 17 cases (65%) and in preatheroma in 6 of 15 cases (40%), in fatty streak in 7 of 23 cases (30%) and in intimal thickening in 1 of 14 cases (7%). C. pneumoniae was not found in the intimal and medial layer of the normal-appearing coronary arteries. C. pneumoniae was detected in the adventitia in 51 cases (67%) of the coronary arteries: in the normal arteries and initial lesions in 27 of 42 cases (63%), and in the advanced lesions in 24 of 32 cases (75%). Correlation was observed between the C. pneumoniae positive cases and cigarette smoking. CONCLUSION - Our results suggest that C. pneumoniae may relate to the severity of atherosclerosis in the youth, thus may initiate atherosclerotic injury or facilitate its progression along with other risk factors.]

Hungarian Immunology

[Autoimmunity as a result of escape from RNA surveillance]

SEMSEI Imre, DARISE Farris, BACHMANN Michael

[The pathomechanisms of autoimmune diseases are still unknown. Numerous factors are thought to play a role in the formation of the diseases (genetic arrangement, hormonal factors, exogen and endogen viruses, etc.) and many hypotheses have been formulated to explain the role of these factors. Most of the theories suspect that disturbance of the immune system is the clue but according to other researchers the immune system performs properly and one has to find other alterations that could be blamed for the formation of the autoimmune diseases. The aim of our present work is to show that certain genetic alterations together with the mistake of the RNA surveillance system could lead to autoimmune reactions. Results of immune research conducted in the past two decades revealed that there are mutations in the hot spot region of exon 7 of the La gene in the peripheral lymphocytes of patients suffering from certain autoimmune diseases (Sjögren's syndrome, SLE). RNAs originated from the mutant gene contain premature termination codon and therefore the RNA surveillance mechanism should get rid of these RNAs in order to prevent the formation of mutant proteins. However, because of the mistake of the surveillance system mutant proteins are formed that could finally lead to the autoimmune reactions.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Minimally invasive, extrapleural-anterolateral approach to the spine]

SZABÓ Viktor, BÜKI András, DÓCZI Tamás, SCHWARCZ Attila

[In spine surgery, minimally invasive approaches (MIS) are getting accepted and more popular worldwide during the last decades. It is due to the reduced intraoperative blood loss, decreased infection rate, less postoperative pain and earlier discharge from hospital compared to traditional approaches. The present paper puts forward a minimally invasive extrapleural approach to the thoracic spine that is not applied in Hungary. This new approach, in contrast to the standard costotransversectomy, provides direct visual control over the ventral surface of the dural sac. Furthermore, contrary to the transthoracic way, following minimally invasive extrapleural surgery thoracic drainage and intensive care are not necessary. The approach can be applied safely in treatment of ventral or ventrolateral pathologies of the thoracic spine. ]