Lege Artis Medicinae

[Detection of endemic MRSA colonisation in a retirement home]

STÁNITZ Éva, TOMPITY Tünde, UNGVÁRI Erika, PÁSZTI Judit

APRIL 20, 2013

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2013;23(03-04)

[Methycillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonisation was proved in a retirement home. A resident of the social institution (a 83-year-old man) was hospitalised and was cared for in a ward where a patient positive for MRSA was treated. Screening tests of the above mentioned resident, one of his room-mates at the retirement home as well as three of the four nurses being on duty at the weekend when the man returned to the social institution from the hospital proved the presence of MRSA colonisation. The screening test, which had been extended to the whole staff due to epidemiological reasons and also because of their anxiety, revealed MRSA positivity in the throat and nasal mucus of a fourth nurse. We presumed that the patient released from the hospital had infected his roommate as well as the four nurses. In order to investigate the epidemiological correlations we requested the cultured strains to be typified. With the use of phage typification, three different types of MRSA strains were identified in the six persons positive for MRSA, and a further MRSA strain could not be typified with the basic phage sequence. We review some interventions with regard to the avoidance and prevention of methycillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection, which we had the opportunity to order as well as implement at the retirement home. We raise some of the problems we encountered.]

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