Lege Artis Medicinae

[Dental and oral symptoms in diabetes mellitus]

ALBRECHT Mária1, BÁNÓCZY Jolán2, DINYA Elek3, IFJ. TAMÁS Gyula4

JULY 31, 1991

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1991;1(13)

[Results of dental examination in 1600 diabetic patients and 623 nondiabetic textile workers were compared. Standard methods – recommended by WHO (1977) – were used to the examination. The condition of caries was assessed with DMF-T mean values, periodontal changes with the use of Russell's Periodontal Index (Pl), and the degree of oral hygiene with the OHI-S index. Statistical evaluation of the data was made with the BMDP program package using chi-square test, correlation and analysis of variance. The DMF-T index in diabetic patients was higher (p < 0.01), considering the distribution of its components the average number of carious teeth was lower (p < 0.0001), in patients above 30 years more extracted teeth (M) were found (p < 0.0001) than in the controls. Diabetics lose their teeth mainly due to periodontal disease, which is also supported by the increased Pl mean values (p < 0.001). Poor oral hygiene was accompanied by an increase of oral mucosal alterations. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. egyetemi adjunktus Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem Konzerváló Fogászati Klinika
  2. egyetemi tanár Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem Konzerváló Fogászati Klinika
  3. Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem Számítóközpont
  4. Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem I. sz. Belgyógyászati Klinika

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