Lege Artis Medicinae

[Dental and oral symptoms in diabetes mellitus]


JULY 31, 1991

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1991;1(13)

[Results of dental examination in 1600 diabetic patients and 623 nondiabetic textile workers were compared. Standard methods – recommended by WHO (1977) – were used to the examination. The condition of caries was assessed with DMF-T mean values, periodontal changes with the use of Russell's Periodontal Index (Pl), and the degree of oral hygiene with the OHI-S index. Statistical evaluation of the data was made with the BMDP program package using chi-square test, correlation and analysis of variance. The DMF-T index in diabetic patients was higher (p < 0.01), considering the distribution of its components the average number of carious teeth was lower (p < 0.0001), in patients above 30 years more extracted teeth (M) were found (p < 0.0001) than in the controls. Diabetics lose their teeth mainly due to periodontal disease, which is also supported by the increased Pl mean values (p < 0.001). Poor oral hygiene was accompanied by an increase of oral mucosal alterations. ]


  1. egyetemi adjunktus Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem Konzerváló Fogászati Klinika
  2. egyetemi tanár Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem Konzerváló Fogászati Klinika
  3. Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem Számítóközpont
  4. Semmelweis Orvostudományi Egyetem I. sz. Belgyógyászati Klinika



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