Lege Artis Medicinae

[All Minds Open to the Same Place]

SAS Gábor

APRIL 20, 2016

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2016;26(04)

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[The medical application of Bayesian T-tests and traditional parametric T-tests]

MOLNÁR D. László

[Bayesian statistical learning is a mixture of the hypothetico-deductive (“top down”) and inductive (“bottom up”) perspective of data analysis with a combination of prior distributions and the data using the Bayes theorem. The resulting posterior distributions are, in a figurative sense, similar to the middle part of a sand-clock. By analogy the upper part of this clock represents the hypothetico-deductive part in terms of prior distributions, while the lower part of that represents the inductive part in terms of the data. The prior distributions will then be continuously replaced with the posterior distributions in a learning cycle. The “top-down” and the “bottom up” methods are simultaneously used both in medicine and management sciences. On the other hand, traditional frequentist statistics can primarily be considered as an inductive method, which is mainly based on the data collected. Comparison of a scale variable measured in two groups is shown with the traditional parametric t-tests, nonparametric permutation test and various Bayesian t-tests. The corresponding R and WinBUGS codes are presented. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[End-of-Life Decision Situations Physician-Assisted Death: The Carter v Canada Case, Canada ]

KŐMÜVES Sándor

Lege Artis Medicinae

[What does the „whole”-ness of patients with diabetes mellitus mean?]

VÁLYI Péter

[Diabetes mellitus is a chronic, progressive disease, characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose, can lead to many complications and can increase the overall risk of early disability and dying prematurely. The newest guidelines on management of patients with diabetes mellitus give a full description of diagnostic criteria, prevention, lifestyle and pharmacological treatment, complications, age-related characteristics. However, in everyday care of patients with diabetes mellitus little attention is paid to severity of anatomical and functional impairment related to disease, how and in what extent those limit everyday activities, restricts filling the social role, the importance of interrelationship of a human being and environment, to personal factors. The aims of this publication is: to present how diabetes mellitus influences the entirety, the “whole”-ness of a human; to show tools of objective estimation of impairments and changes of functionality; to call attention to importance of development of residual abilities, of shaping supportive environment, of assessment of needs, of positive influences of personal characteristics; to demonstrate how all these measures improve quality of life and compliance of patient with diabetes mellitus. The holistic approach of “human’s whole-ness” can contribute to success of preventive, curative and rehabilitative measures in patients with diabetes mellitus.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[MC world - a board game of medical communication]

KOLLÁR János

[In 2015 in the Institute of Behavioral Sciences of Semmelweis University a board game named MC World (Medical Communi­ca­tion World) was designed to further student learning in the field of medical communication by gamifying the learning material. 29 Hungarian and 28 foreign students were participating in a study where the acceptance of the game and its attitude change effect regarding medical communication were tested. The participants evaluated statements in connection with the game on a 5 point Likert-type scale. The survey responses suggest that both the Hungarian and the foreign medical students considered the application of the game in education as a practical and successful initiation. It draws the attention to better utilization of gamification as an educational facilitator and as a positive opinion forming opportunity.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Javier Marías – in the Network of Crosstalks Celebrating a Double Birthday ]

LENGYEL Dávid

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