Lege Artis Medicinae - 2011;21(12)

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

[Thyroid disorders during pregnancy]

HAJNÁCZKY Károly

[The hormones of the thyroid gland play a basic role in human reproduction and in the early development of the fetal brain, too. The frequency of hypo- and hyperthyroidism occuring in a pregnancy is between 1-2 per cent. Abnormal maternal thyroid function could result in harmful effects for both the mothers and their offsprings. An illness (gestational throphoblast disease) that is known to have an influence on the maternal thyroid function. Thyroid diseases occuring in pregnancy can result in... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

[The newest DPP-4-inhibitor: linagliptin]

KIS János Tibor

[Linagliptin is a xantin-based, highly selective, potent inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase- IV (DPP-4). By inhibiting DPP-4, linagliptin reduces the degradation of endogenous incretin hormones, and thus increases insulin secretion and decreases glucagon secretion in the pancreatic islets in a glucose-dependent manner. The author summarises the most important clinical trials with linagliptin, which highlight those features of linagliptin that distinguish it from other DPP-4 inhibitors.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

[Oxytocin as a neurotransmitter: beyond the peripheral scope]

VARGA Katalin

[Besides its effect on the uterus and breasts, oxytocin also regulates affiliative behaviour. The so-called central oxytocin effect influences pair bonding, maternal care and attachment through the regulatory functions of oxytocin that acts as a neurotransmitter within the brain. The central oxytocin effect increases trust and social support, decreases fear and anxiety, and promotes wound healing. These effects form the basis of the stress-triggered, oxytocin-based ‘calm and connection’... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

[The choice of antibiotic therapy from the viewpoint of an economist]

KIS Zoltán

[OBJECTIVES - Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in various bacterial infections is a growing problem in everyday clinical practice. The development of resistance is related to the clinical use of antibiotics, which substantially influences the efficiency of antimicrobial therapy. Inappropriately chosen therapy may increase the cost of treatment because of reduced efficacy and potential unwanted outcomes, adverse effects. Prolonged duration of treatment and increased use of diagnostic and... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

[Occurrence of cardiometabolic risk factors among shift workers]

JERMENDY György, NÁDASI Judit, HEGYI Ilona, VASAS István, HIDVÉGI Tibor

[INTRODUCTION - Shift workers have an impaired circadian rhythm, which might have an adverse effect on their health. In order to assess cardiometabolic risk in shift workers, a cross-sectional study was performed among active workers (aged 25-66 years, with a minimal shift working experience of 5 years). METHODS - In total 481 workers (121 men, 360 women) registered by the occupational health service were enrolled in our study. Most participants worked in the light industry (58.2%) or in public... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 21, 2011