Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The nursing challenges related to gestational diabetes]

MENG Zsuzsa1, VÁRADYNÉ HORVÁTH Ágnes2, OLÁH András2

JULY 30, 2012

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2012;25(04)

[Aim of the study: To assess how age and BMI affect the result of the OGTT, and to study the data on blood sugar levels. Methodology and sample: Retrospective, quantitative, cross sectional, with non-random sampling. GDM patients aged 16- 50 years were surveyed (n=123 persons), with analysis of the data relating to multiparas (n=51) and primiparas (n=72). The research took the form of an analysis of medical and nursing documents. Results: In a study of the BMI and the 2-hour OGTT results, and in a study of age and BMI, signifi cance was observed in the case of the multiparas. Comparing the 0’ OGTT values with the empty-stomach blood sugar results from the 1st control test following the diagnosis of GDM, signifi cance was observed in both groups. Conclusions: Based on the fi ndings of the research it can be concluded that a higher BMI is generally associated with more advanced age, and that it has an unfavourable impact on the results of the OGTT. It is necessary to repeat the reclassifi cation in the later stage of the pregnancy, in the 6th week following birth, and upon cessation of breastfeeding.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Szívgyógyászati Klinika
  2. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar

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[The working conditions of paramedical professionals in general, paediatric and combined medical practices in Hungary]

HIRDI Henriett Éva, KÁLMÁNNÉ SIMON Mária, BALOGH Zoltán

[Aim of the study: To assess the working conditions of paramedical professionals in general, child and family practices, and to compare the data with the results of the survey conducted by the Hungarian Chamber of Paramedical Professionals (MESZK) in 2006 and by the National Institute of Primary Care (OALI) in 2004. Methodology and sample: The cross-sectional survey was conducted between 13 May 2012 and 30 June 2012 among paramedical professionals working in general, child and family practices, selected using a random, sampling method (N=812). The data gathering took place using a web-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel 2007 software, employing a descriptive and mathematical statistical methods. Results: Based on the results of the survey it was concluded that the primary task of the nurses (95%) was the preparation of reports and data submissions, and keeping the electronic patients records system up-to-date accordingly. Their second most common activity (94%) is participation in the performance of tasks related to patient care. 67% of the nurses that responded perform health education, health awareness and advisory activities, primarily in relation to the topics of healthy nutrition, recommended screening tests and the spread of infectious diseases. The nurses are generally satisfi ed with their physical working conditions (72%), their job security (77%), their work schedule (77%) and their co-workers (83%), but they expressed the least satisfaction (73%) with their fi nancial compensation. Conclusions: Everyday experience and the results of the research show that the situation of paramedical workers, in terms of the activities they perform, their income, the allocation of holiday leave, and substitution, has not improved at all in comparison to the fi ndings of the 2006 survey. A signifi cant proportion of the nurses would like to perform more substantive and professionally challenging tasks, but their working environment does not allow this.]

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NÉMETH Anikó, IRINYI Tamás

[Aims of the study: To asses the changes in psychosomatic status, burn-out level and judgment of own health of health care workers in Csongrád County since 2008. Furthermore we investigated how much they intend to continue working in their current position judging from psychological and somatic point of view. Methodology and sample: Both cross-sectional studies were carried out by the means of self-designed self-report questionnaires sent to registered members of MESZK living in Csongrád County in 2008 and 2012. Results: The judgement of own health got worse since 2008, but in psychosomatic symptoms there was a non-signifi cant improvement. The incidence of headaches decreased signifi cantly. The points on the burn-out scale increased signifi cantly which implies worse psychological condition. Conclusions: The population of health care workers is aging and it is characterised by worsening psychological state.]

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