Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The history of Pediatric Nurse and Caregiver training. The role of the Heim-Nurses and Calmette-Nurses]

PERKÓ Magdolna, SÖVÉNYI Ferencné, FATÉR Zsuzsanna, OLÁH András1

FEBRUARY 28, 2021

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2021;34(1)

[In the early part of the 20th century in Hungary, the nursing and caregiver profession has evoled considerably, including the introduction of specializations. Pediatrician Sándor Szana, considered by literature to be founder of the training of Pediatric Caregivers, offered the first lectures in 1904 for 5 females. Later the National Stephanie Alliance came into being as a key organisation in this field from 1915. On the initiative of Pediatrician Pál Heim, the Stephanie Alliance started a Pediatric Caregiver training in 1916. Thus, the first such childcare nursing specialization was named after Pál Heim MD, and the nurses who graduated were called Heim-Nurses. In addition to the Heim-Nurses, the authors of this paper also present the activities of the Calmette Nurses. Since this period, tuberculosis (TB) has been one of the leading causes of death in Hungary.]

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