Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Survey of preconception and acceptance of the robotic care among elderly people]

VASS Dezső 1, ÁRVAI László2, OLÁH András3

DECEMBER 15, 2020

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2020;33(06)

Journal Article

[Application of robots might ease the labor shortage of the ageing society care in long term. The aim was (1) to measure the acceptance of the robotic care among elderly people, (2) measure the preconception related to the acceptance of robotic care. A personal survey was done in 2020 June. The questionary was filled out by 40 Hungarian people all above 60 years. The questionary contained questions about the acceptance, trust in robots in general and acceptance, possible usage fields of care robots. Each people filled out the questionary twice. After the first fill out, there was a presentation about robots in general and the participants could meet with two different robots. Then the questions were asked again. The analysis mostly based on the comparison of the first and second questionnaire. The revulsion of elderly people against robots is mostly based on preconception, after a short explanation we could change their attitude and achieve better acceptance of robots. However, in the case of capability of handling robots our results showed too high self-confidence, which we could not explain yet. Therefore, more research is required in this field. The preconception of elderly people against robots is real phenomenon, but since mostly it is based on the missing knowledge of robots and robotic care it can be change by the appropriate education and personal experiences.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Bay Zoltán Alkalmazott Kutatási Közhasznú Nonprofit Kft.
  2. Bay Zoltán Alkalmazott Kutatási Közhasznú Nonprofit Kft.
  3. Pécsi Tudományegyetem Egészségtudományi Kar

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[The aim was a scientific investigation of health-related quality-of-life outcomes of patients after total hip arthroplasty. We performed cohort, prospective, descriptive examination using the form of a questionnaire at the Orthopedic Clinic of the Semmelweis University in-patient department between May 2018 and January 2019. The investigation involved patients suffering from degenerative primary coxarthrosis scheduled for elective surgery. The study included thirty (n=30) patients with the average age of seventy-two. The gender distribution was the following: male 36% (11 persons) female 63% (19 persons). Before the operation 50% of the patients reported severe pain, while the other half described only a mild pain. Three months after surgery the pain decreased significantly (p<0,000). 70% of the investigated population reported severe preoperative gait difficulties, whereas only 30% had only mild walking difficulties after 3 weeks. Preoperative analgesic use was also significantly reduced (p=0,004). 40% of the patients used assistive devices for walking. This number reduced to 20% by the end of the research period. Considering the investigated dimensions the patients experienced significant improvement in their quality-of-life in the early postoperative period. Total hip arthroplasty is highly demanding for the patient and has an operational risk, but the expected benefit is substantial. ]

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