Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Post-operative external Fixation in Adult and Pediatric Hand Surgery from a Nurse’s perspective]


OCTOBER 30, 2017

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2017;30(05)

[Performing postoperative nursing duties on hand surgical patients is a special field of nursing. Our goal is to demonstrate what special - observational and other - duties are rquired of an adult/pediatric hand surgical nurse.We also would like to broaden the knowledge of our nursing staff, because due to our shortage of workstaff we are often forced into substituting positions, and patient safety requires us to be practiced in this field. We will give an overview of the most common fixating techniques, post-operative nursing duties and most common complications.]


  1. Péterfy Sándor Utcai Kórház-Rendelőintézet és Baleseti Központ, Kézsebészeti Osztály
  2. Péterfy Sándor Utcai Kórház-Rendelőintézet és Baleseti Központ, Gyermektraumatológiai Osztály



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The Prastige and Values of Nurses and Caregivers employed in the Social Service System]


[Aim of the study: During the study my target was to identify the career motivations, prestige of caretakers and nurses working in the Gödöllő social services and get acquainted with the most important values in their life. Sample and methods: Descriptive type research, number of elements are 81 (n=81). Summarization of the data was executed by Microsoft Office Excel 2007. Results: The employees took part in the research considered their profession as relatively low prestigious, although they would choose again this profession if they could decide again. Supporting professionals consider health, family, friendship and affection as the most important value in their life. Conclusions: The nursesand caretakers interviewed by me consider their choice of career successful in spite of its low prestige and they like their profession. Recognition the values of the employees is an important objective, because the identified values determine the quality of the work they perform.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Hand Disinfection: the simplest method for preventing Nosocomial Infections]

SZEGEDI Bojtorné Ágnes

[It’s quintessential that health workers have primary role in the development of the healthcare associated infections. Personal hygiene always had a different role. In Hungary hand disinfection became important thanks to Ignac Semmelweis. The nurse-training became a national matter so the related education became unified. The National Public Health and Medical Officer Service’s Methodological Letter describes the detailed regulation of hand disinfection. The compliance is mandatory to every health worker. It’s strictly regulates how the health workers has to disinfect their hand and regulates which tool has to be used for hand disinfection and how they should take care of their hand. Researches were trying to disclose the reason of the neglection of hand disinfection. The literature says tackling the issue is a long proccess. Thus everyone has a role in the change, but the health workers has the biggest and most important role in it.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Impacto de la altura en el embarazo y en el producto de la gestación]

GUSTAVO F. Gonzales

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Importance of the Hyponatraemia in the Emergency Care]

PÓHR Kitti, KÖCSE Tamás, MESTERHÁZI András, BIERER Gábor, KARAMÁNNÉ Pakai Annamária

[The aim of the study: Hyponatraemia is the most common electrolyte abnormality in hospitalized patients. Certain drugs (eg, diuretics, antidepressants, and antiepileptics) have been implicated as established causes of either asymptomatic or symptomatic hyponatraemia. Studies proved correlation between hyponatremia and hospital mortality. Hyponatraemia remains asymptomatic in most cases, but if left untreated, it can cause life-threatening situations. Our aim was to examine the frequency of hyponatraemia in our hospital and its impact on the emergency care. Methods: A total of 75 patients were enrolled in the study with purposive sampling. We used descriptive and mathematical statistics with SPSS 22.0 software package for processing non-parametric statistical data. Results: Patients transferred by ambulance or arriving at the ER department came with dizziness, vomiting / diarrhea symptoms. Admission causes, were characteristic symptoms of hyponatraemia as well as non-specific neurological symptoms (headache, dizziness, confusion, unconsciousness) were found (n = 29). In addition, a common complaint of vomiting / diarrhea (n = 12), abdominal pain (n = 10). In particular, the complaint leading to a significant proportion of patients with hyponatraemia was not typical, but it was kind of trauma (n = 12). Nearly half of the patients (n = 36) were revenant. The most common diagnosis was hypertension (34%). 52% were taking medication that typically cause hyponatraemia. There were significant increase in the incidence of hyponatraemia in cases where the patient was taking diuretics. Conclusions: The diagnosis of hyponatraemia is based on the recording history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Preventive approach would reduce the number of hospital stays due to hyponatraemia, and this may indeed improve patients’ life expectancy. The disease itself is easily remedied, it can cause critical condition due to disregard.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Health Assessment of Taxi Drivers in the city of Miskolc]

GAJDOS Attila, HIRDI Henriett Éva

[The aim of the study: The authors’ objective was to reveal the state of health and lifestyle of taxi drivers. Methods: The cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2017 among taxi drivers in Miskolc (N=100), selected using a random, sampling method. The data gathering took place using paper-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The proprietary questionnaire used was based on the questionnaire used in the National Population Health Survey (OLEF) for the standard survey of health behaviour. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel Excel 2016, using a descriptive statistical method. Results: The average health value of taxi drivers was 3.39 on a scale of five grades. 79% of the drivers are overweight or obese. 56% have a chronic disease affecting one or more organ systems. Examining their state of health based on the psychosomatic symptoms scale, the respondents most frequently indicated back and lumbal pain, and sleep disorders. The Epworth somnolence scale caused by 8% slightly abnormal sleeping disorder. To filter OSAS study-aid by the responders 34% was the test positive. Conclusions: The results of survey revealed that the health condition of respondents is unsatisfying. Based on the results they can state, that taxi drivers health is worse in many ways than an average Hungarian adult. On the whole it can be concluded that health behavior of taxi drivers needs to be changed. ]

All articles in the issue

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Clinical Neuroscience

Alexithymia is associated with cognitive impairment in patients with Parkinson’s disease

SENGUL Yildizhan, KOCAK Müge, CORAKCI Zeynep, SENGUL Serdar Hakan, USTUN Ismet

Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is a common non-motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Alexithy­mia is a still poorly understood neuropsychiatric feature of PD. Cognitive impairment (especially visuospatial dysfunction and executive dysfunction) and alexithymia share com­mon pathology of neuroanatomical structures. We hypo­thesized that there must be a correlation between CD and alexithymia levels considering this relationship of neuroanatomy. Objective – The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between alexithymia and neurocognitive function in patients with PD. Thirty-five patients with PD were included in this study. The Toronto Alexithymia Scale–20 (TAS-20), Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDI) and a detailed neuropsychological evaluation were performed. Higher TAS-20 scores were negatively correlated with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) similarities test score (r =-0.71, p value 0.02), clock drawing test (CDT) scores (r=-0.72, p=0.02) and verbal fluency (VF) (r=-0.77, p<0.01). Difficulty identifying feelings subscale score was negatively correlated with CDT scores (r=-0.74, p=0.02), VF scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04), visual memory immediate recall (r=-0.74, p=0.01). VF scores were also correlated with difficulty describing feelings (DDF) scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04). There was a reverse relationship bet­ween WAIS similarities and DDF scores (r=-0.70, p=0.02), and externally oriented-thinking (r=-0.77,p<0.01). Executive function Z score was correlated with the mean TAS-20 score (r=-62, p=0.03) and DDF subscale score (r=-0.70, p=0.01) Alexithymia was found to be associated with poorer performance on visuospatial and executive function test results. We also found that alexithymia was significantly correlated with depressive symptoms. Presence of alexithymia should therefore warn the clinicians for co-existing CD.

Clinical Neuroscience

Late simultaneous carcinomatous meningitis, temporal bone infiltrating macro-metastasis and disseminated multi-organ micro-metastases presenting with mono-symptomatic vertigo – a clinico-pathological case reporT

JARABIN András János, KLIVÉNYI Péter, TISZLAVICZ László, MOLNÁR Anna Fiona, GION Katalin, FÖLDESI Imre, KISS Geza Jozsef, ROVÓ László, BELLA Zsolt

Although vertigo is one of the most common complaints, intracranial malignant tumors rarely cause sudden asymmetry between the tone of the vestibular peripheries masquerading as a peripheral-like disorder. Here we report a case of simultaneous temporal bone infiltrating macro-metastasis and disseminated multi-organ micro-metastases presenting as acute unilateral vestibular syndrome, due to the reawakening of a primary gastric signet ring cell carcinoma. Purpose – Our objective was to identify those pathophysiological steps that may explain the complex process of tumor reawakening, dissemination. The possible causes of vestibular asymmetry were also traced. A 56-year-old male patient’s interdisciplinary medical data had been retrospectively analyzed. Original clinical and pathological results have been collected and thoroughly reevaluated, then new histological staining and immunohistochemistry methods have been added to the diagnostic pool. During the autopsy the cerebrum and cerebellum was edematous. The apex of the left petrous bone was infiltrated and destructed by a tumor mass of 2x2 cm in size. Histological reexamination of the original gastric resection specimen slides revealed focal submucosal tumorous infiltration with a vascular invasion. By immunohistochemistry mainly single infiltrating tumor cells were observed with Cytokeratin 7 and Vimentin positivity and partial loss of E-cadherin staining. The subsequent histological examination of necropsy tissue specimens confirmed the disseminated, multi-organ microscopic tumorous invasion. Discussion – It has been recently reported that the expression of Vimentin and the loss of E-cadherin is significantly associated with advanced stage, lymph node metastasis, vascular and neural invasion and undifferentiated type with p<0.05 significance. As our patient was middle aged and had no immune-deficiency, the promoting factor of the reawakening of the primary GC malignant disease after a 9-year-long period of dormancy remained undiscovered. The organ-specific tropism explained by the “seed and soil” theory was unexpected, due to rare occurrence of gastric cancer to metastasize in the meninges given that only a minority of these cells would be capable of crossing the blood brain barrier. Patients with past malignancies and new onset of neurological symptoms should alert the physician to central nervous system involvement, and the appropriate, targeted diagnostic and therapeutic work-up should be established immediately. Targeted staining with specific antibodies is recommended. Recent studies on cell lines indicate that metformin strongly inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition of gastric cancer cells. Therefore, further studies need to be performed on cases positive for epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

Hypertension and nephrology

[About the care of patients with hyperuricaemia and gout]

[This consensus document is intended to provide guidance for the effective and efficient treatment of asymptomatic individuals with high uric acid levels and gout patients.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[What happens to vertiginous population after emission from the Emergency Department?]

MAIHOUB Stefani, MOLNÁR András, CSIKÓS András, KANIZSAI Péter, TAMÁS László, SZIRMAI Ágnes

[Background – Dizziness is one of the most frequent complaints when a patient is searching for medical care and resolution. This can be a problematic presentation in the emergency department, both from a diagnostic and a management standpoint. Purpose – The aim of our study is to clarify what happens to patients after leaving the emergency department. Methods – 879 patients were examined at the Semmel­weis University Emergency Department with vertigo and dizziness. We sent a questionnaire to these patients and we had 308 completed papers back (110 male, 198 female patients, mean age 61.8 ± 12.31 SD), which we further analyzed. Results – Based on the emergency department diagnosis we had the following results: central vestibular lesion (n = 71), dizziness or giddiness (n = 64) and BPPV (n = 51) were among the most frequent diagnosis. Clarification of the final post-examination diagnosis took several days (28.8%), and weeks (24.2%). It was also noticed that 24.02% of this population never received a proper diagnosis. Among the population only 80 patients (25.8%) got proper diagnosis of their complaints, which was supported by qualitative statistical analysis (Cohen Kappa test) result (κ = 0.560). Discussion – The correlation between our emergency department diagnosis and final diagnosis given to patients is low, a phenomenon that is also observable in other countries. Therefore, patient follow-up is an important issue, including the importance of neurotology and possibly neurological examination. Conclusion – Emergency diagnosis of vertigo is a great challenge, but despite of difficulties the targeted and quick case history and exact examination can evaluate the central or peripheral cause of the balance disorder. Therefore, to prevent declination of the quality of life the importance of further investigation is high.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[The role of sleep in the relational memory processes ]

CSÁBI Eszter, ZÁMBÓ Ágnes, PROKECZ Lídia

[A growing body of evidence suggests that sleep plays an essential role in the consolidation of different memory systems, but less is known about the beneficial effect of sleep on relational memory processes and the recognition of emotional facial expressions, however, it is a fundamental cognitive skill in human everyday life. Thus, the study aims to investigate the effect of timing of learning and the role of sleep in relational memory processes. 84 young adults (average age: 22.36 (SD: 3.22), 21 male/63 female) participated in our study, divided into two groups: evening group and morning group indicating the time of learning. We used the face-name task to measure relational memory and facial expression recognition. There were two sessions for both groups: the immediate testing phase and the delayed retesting phase, separated by 24 hours. 84 young adults (average age: 22.36 (SD: 3.22), 21 male/63 female) participated in our study, divided into two groups: evening group and morning group indicating the time of learning. We used the face-name task to measure relational memory and facial expression recognition. There were two sessions for both groups: the immediate testing phase and the delayed retesting phase, separated by 24 hours. Our results suggest that the timing of learning and sleep plays an important role in the stabilizing process of memory representation to resist against forgetting.]