Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Letter from the Editor]

DECEMBER 15, 2020

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2020;33(06)



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Pioneers in Occupational Health Nursing]

HIRDI Henriett Éva, SZOBOTA Lívia , SOÓS Georgina, BARNAFÖLDI Vivien Nóra

[Occupational health nurses play exceptional role in terms of their practice, they are trained to have an understanding of the special interaction between work and health. The beginnings of occupational health nursing can be traced back to the Industrial Revolution. This article is a summary of information about the first documented occupational health nurses in the late 19th century. The authors briefly present the best-known nurses’ lifeway and particular roles in this field.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Investigation of the burnout syndrome among the employees of the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy at the University of Szeged]


[Research on burnout syndrome among healthcare professionals is of pre­dominant importance and enables improvement of intervention programs. Our aim is to evaluate the burnout syndrome among the employees of the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy at the University of Szeged. Cross-sectioned design utilizing a self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data from the staff. Burnout was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, while psychological immune competence was measured using the Psychological Immune Competence Questionnaire. Burnout is higher among subjects who work more weekly hours and who report more somatic symptoms. Burnout levels are lower among participants who report more social rela­tion­ships and stronger psychological immune system. Burnout of healthcare professionals has an impact on their well-being as well as indirectly on the quality of patient care.With better knowledge of the protective and risk factors, better intervention and prevention methods can be developed. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Survey of preconception and acceptance of the robotic care among elderly people]

VASS Dezső , ÁRVAI László, OLÁH András

[Application of robots might ease the labor shortage of the ageing society care in long term. The aim was (1) to measure the acceptance of the robotic care among elderly people, (2) measure the preconception related to the acceptance of robotic care. A personal survey was done in 2020 June. The questionary was filled out by 40 Hungarian people all above 60 years. The questionary contained questions about the acceptance, trust in robots in general and acceptance, possible usage fields of care robots. Each people filled out the questionary twice. After the first fill out, there was a presentation about robots in general and the participants could meet with two different robots. Then the questions were asked again. The analysis mostly based on the comparison of the first and second questionnaire. The revulsion of elderly people against robots is mostly based on preconception, after a short explanation we could change their attitude and achieve better acceptance of robots. However, in the case of capability of handling robots our results showed too high self-confidence, which we could not explain yet. Therefore, more research is required in this field. The preconception of elderly people against robots is real phenomenon, but since mostly it is based on the missing knowledge of robots and robotic care it can be change by the appropriate education and personal experiences.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Prospective life-quality study after total hip replacement]


[The aim was a scientific investigation of health-related quality-of-life outcomes of patients after total hip arthroplasty. We performed cohort, prospective, descriptive examination using the form of a questionnaire at the Orthopedic Clinic of the Semmelweis University in-patient department between May 2018 and January 2019. The investigation involved patients suffering from degenerative primary coxarthrosis scheduled for elective surgery. The study included thirty (n=30) patients with the average age of seventy-two. The gender distribution was the following: male 36% (11 persons) female 63% (19 persons). Before the operation 50% of the patients reported severe pain, while the other half described only a mild pain. Three months after surgery the pain decreased significantly (p<0,000). 70% of the investigated population reported severe preoperative gait difficulties, whereas only 30% had only mild walking difficulties after 3 weeks. Preoperative analgesic use was also significantly reduced (p=0,004). 40% of the patients used assistive devices for walking. This number reduced to 20% by the end of the research period. Considering the investigated dimensions the patients experienced significant improvement in their quality-of-life in the early postoperative period. Total hip arthroplasty is highly demanding for the patient and has an operational risk, but the expected benefit is substantial. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The analyses of chronic inpatient care by national, county and institutional level data]


[The aim was to examine the chronic health care in the period 2003-2017. During the research the authors processed the data of the National Health Insurance Fund Management (NEAK) at the national, county and Pécs University Clinical Center level. They performed quantitative, descriptive, retrospective research. For the whole period and target group in question. The number of hospital beds changed significantly between 2003 and 2017, and there are major differences in regional distribution. In 2003, there were 19,474 chronic bed in Hungary, while in 2016 the number of hospital beds was 27,194. We found 39.5 % increase of hospital beds in this period. The average number of nursing days has significantly increased, reflecting the increasing proportion of long-term care patients in the care system. The care system must adapt to changes in health policy. It is important to prioritize the needs of an aging society. The significant increase in the number of nursing days necessitates the placement of long-term care patients.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Clinical Neuroscience

[Changes of cognitive functions in healthy aging]


[Introduction - Mental health has crucial role in our life. Cognitive changes or decline can lead to many difficulties in daily routine of older people (e.g. organization of daily activities), which can, consequently, influence their well-being. Therefore it is an important question, which cognitive abilities are affected by age-related decline. Methods - In our study we aimed to investigate the changes of cognitive abilities in healthy older adults between 61 and 85 years of age compared to the performance of younger adults. Digit span, counting span, listening span, letter fluency, semantic fluency and action fluency tests were used to assess cognitive abilities, namely working memory and executive functions. Results - The results showed that younger adults performed significantly better in all tests than older adults. Importantly, the performance of older adults was better on tests requiring less complex mental computations (e.g. digit span test) than on more complex tests where both storing and mani-pulating information was required (e.g., counting span test). We also showed that within the older age group, cognitive functions’ decline was linearly associated with increasing age. Conclusion - The present study used several, well-established neuropsychological tests to map the changes of working memory and executive functions in healthy older adults between 61 and 85 years of age compared to younger adults. Our findings can contribute to the development of prevention programs aimed at improving the quality of life of older adults and preventing age-related cognitive decline.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Editor’s note]


[Editor’s note 2007;60(03-04) ]

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