Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[How it all started: Untold Chapters of Nursing History in Hungary as testified by foxed Documents Part 1.]

SÖVÉNYI Ferencné, PERKÓ Magdolna, FEDINECZNÉ Vittay Katalin

DECEMBER 30, 2017

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2017;30(06)

[The article elaborates on the untold chapters of nursing history in Hungary, based on research in archives. The situation of nursing in Hungary in the first half of the 20th century is described, when nursing and nursing education became issues of outstanding importance and secular nursing appeared alongside faith based nursing. Several nursing organisations worked to address the unacceptable situation of nursing and strove to raise the status of nursing so as to allow this self-sacrificing vocation to take its rightful place in society. The tools to achieve this goal included providing professional education and training, creating professional literature and safeguarding nurses’ interests. The Hungarian National Association of Female and Male Nurses that came into being as a grass-root organisation in 1902, and its president, József Michalicza, an unreasonably forgotten figure in Hungarian secular nursing were instrumental in pursuing these goals. The article also mentions several dedicated figures in Hungarian nursing history, due to whose commitment Hungarian nurses were represented in the International Council of Nurses from 1933 until the interference of politics. ]



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Awareness of Risk Factors of Falling among the Elderly]


[The aim of the study: determining the risk groups of falling among the elderly and measuring the awareness of the elderly of the risk factors of falling. Methods: During the quantitative, cross-section examination, the population consisted of elderly people living in the region of Dél-Alföld (N=379). We used our own questionnaire beside using the STEADI questionnaire determining risk group of falling for data colletion purposes. During the statistical analysis, we used simple descriptive statistics but also used Khi2 and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: The average age of the examined population was 71,96+ 6,8 years old and 45 % of the interviewed person have reported experiencing falling. The risk factors of higher age (p=0.001), dizziness (p=0.021) and polypharmacy (p=0.001) was demonstrable among those who have fallen at least one time. 83% of the population was from a risk group exposed to falling. Respondents were able to better identify the effect of extrinsic factors on the risk of falling than the intrinsic risk factors. Also, those who have fallen before found that there is no significant preventive effect of the orderliness of their home (p=0.009) and the usage of walking assisting equipment (p=0.010). Conclusions: Falling of elderly people is an actual problem, therefore it is recommended to raise the awareness of the elderly of the risk factors of falling.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Comparison of the Pines’ Burnout Measure and the Maslach Burnout Inventory]


[The aim of the study to compare the validity of the Pines’ Burnout Measure and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Methods: The study was a cross-sectional quantitative survey administered online to 1201 health care professionals. Data were analyzed with chi-square test and Spearman’s rank correlation (p<0.05). Results: The Pines’ Burnout Measure correlated significantly with the exhaustion (p<0,001), depersonalization (p<0,001) and the professional efficacy (p<0,001) scales of MBI. Those, who scored high on the MBI, reached higher points on the Pines’ Burnout Measure, too. Futhermore, when the level of professional efficacy is high, the scores on the Pines’ Burnout Measure are low. Conclusions: The Pines’ Burnout Measure is as valid in the assessment of burnout as the MBI. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Competencies of Community Nurses, Opportunities of Extensions in Adult General Practices of Cegléd .]


[Aims of the study: The local community nurses can use their present abilities between given conditions and how these abilities could be extended. Sample and methods: 137 evaluable questionnaires were returned from 14 family doctors’ patients and 12 questionnaires were from community nurses. The questionnaires consisted of open and closed questions. The data was processed by SPSS and Excel software. Statistics were made by descriptive statistic means and Fischer exact tests. Results: During my survey it turned out that patients don’t utilize basic adult health care means such as measuring blood pressure and blood-sugar and lab examinations. Conclusions: Most of the community nurses can’t utilize most of their abilities and knowledge. They don’t have the opportunity to perform health education or just to talk to the patients face-to-face. My thesis surfaces the fact that community workers and doctors should work coordinate. It’s not true in relation of all the general practitioners and nurses.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[XXIV.Congress of the Hungarian Heart Surgery Society]

DEÁK András

[The 60th anniversary of the first open heart surgery in Hungary is shortly celebrated by the Hungarian cardiac surgeons, who held their annual meeting in Pécs. The conference on recent professional and scientific results and innovations of the Hungarian cardiac surgical centres provided an opportunity for healthcare professionals (including the perfusionists unique in this field) to report on their current professional results and experiences within scientific lectures and discussions.]

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[Background and purpose - Data on disease burden of multiple sclerosis from Eastern-Central Europe are very limited. Our aim was to explore the quality of life, resource utilisation and costs of ambulating patients with multiple sclerosis in Hungary. Methods - Cross-sectional questionnaire survey was performed in two outpatient neurology centres in 2009. Clinical history, health care utilisation in the past 12 months were surveyed, the Expanded Disability Status Scale and the EQ-5D questionnaires were applied. Cost calculation was conducted from the societal perspective. Results - Sixty-eight patients (female 70.6%) aged 38.0 (SD 9.1) with disease duration of 7.8 (SD 6.7) years were involved. Fifty-five (80.9%) had relapsing-remitting form and 52 (76.5%) were taking immunomodulatory drug. The average scores were: Expanded Disability Status Scale 1.9 (SD 1.7), EQ-5D 0.67 (SD 0.28). Mean total cost amounted to 10 902 Euros/patient/year (direct medical 67%, direct nonmedical 13%, indirect costs 20%). Drugs, disability pension and informal care were the highest cost items. Costs of mild (Expanded Disability Status Scale 0-3.5) and moderate (Expanded Disability Status Scale 4.0-6.5) disease were 9 218 and 17 634 Euros/patient/year respectively (p<0.01), that is lower than results from Western European countries. Conclusion - Our study provides current inputs for policy making and contributes to understanding variation of costof- illness of multiple sclerosis in Europe.]

Lege Artis Medicinae



[INTRODUCTION - The aim of this study is to analyse the local inequalities in the access and utilization of special home nursing within Hungary focusing on the South-Transdanubian Region. DATA AND METHODS - In the first part of the study we compared the indicators of the access and utilizations of special home nursing at national and county level. In the second part of the analyses we made a detailed analyses of utilization data of home nursing in the three counties (Baranya, Somogy, Tolna) of the South- Transdanubian Region of Hungary. Data is derived from the financial database of the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary for the period 1998-2002. RESULTS - The access of population to the special home nursing increased from 83,8% (1998) to 95,1% (2002). The utilization rate increased from 74,8% (1998) to 84,1% (2002). Within the South-Transdanubian Region we found significant local inequalities in the utilization of services (number of cases, number of visits), which were represented by the tools of geographical information system. CONCLUSIONS - There have been significant differences in the access and utilization of home nursing with remarkable within country inequalities.]

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[Epidemiology of dementia in Hungary]

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