Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Attitudes to careers and the future among students at Semmelweis University]

VÁCZI Anna1, FEITH Helga Judit2, NÉMETHNÉ GRADVOHL Edina2, SOÓSNÉ KISS Zsuzsanna3, FARKAS Boglárka1

JULY 30, 2013

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2013;26(03)

[Aim of the study: The authors studied the attitudes, regarding the future, of female students who had chosen a paramedical vocation. In the course of their work they assessed the students’ vision of the future, and obtained a detailed knowledge of their family and career plans, and the correlations between them. Methodology and sample: The quantitative sociological survey, based on a self-completion questionnaire, was conducted among 2nd, 3rd and 4th year student nurses, student midwifes and student health visitors at the Semmelweis University Faculty of Health Sciences. The results were analysed with the SPSS 19.0 program, using a descriptive statistical method. The proportion of useful responses to the questionnaire was 94.1% (N=257). Results: The students clearly prefer motherhood, but their vision of the future is uncertain. Achieving new and higher professional targets was considered important by 29.2% of the sample, and going to practice their studied profession by 54.5%. With regard to career plans, the authors found a statistically provable difference between the specialisations (p<0.001). Of the nursing students who responded, 82.6% wanted to attain middle-management status by the age of 40, while only 8.7% would also be happy to work as general staff. Conclusions: The female students at Semmelweis University are preparing both to have children and to practice their paramedical vocation. The responses given regarding their vision of the future could show that the reconciliation of these two future roles is already causing uncertainty. A higher proportion of the respondents would like to achieve middle-management status, which represents greater prestige for them. A positive shift in their vision of the future could help prevent career abandonment and emigration. ]


  1. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Budapest
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Alapozó Egészségtudományi Intézet, Társadalomtudományi Tanszék, Budapest
  3. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Egészségfejlesztési és Klinikai Módszertani Intézet, Egészségtudományi Klinikai Tanszék, Budapest



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[Aim of the study: The goal of the authors was to further educate diabetes health care professionals and keep their knowledge up to date during the explosive development of diabetes science. The team members should be competent to administer modern therapies adapted to the patients’ satisfaction in order to improve the quality of life of the patients. Materials and methods: Diabetes education nurses team members were professionally educated in the administration of liraglutide therapy at Uzsoki Hospital, II. Department of Internal Medicine (N=20). The introduction of the new therapeutic steps of this treatment was carried out using project management techniques. The effectiveness of knowledge-education placement tests conducted by comparing. Results: After the introduction of planning and execution, it was found that the professionals mastered the education of liraglutide therapy. Included in the scope of the project, besides the educational training of the team was the introduction of the treatment stages in liraglutide therapy. In order to assess the level of the knowledge acquired among the team members, survey questions were evaluated. According to the results, it can be stated that trained team members learned the new skills in the field of educational modification. Conclusions: The most important question of patient management quality care is whether the patient is able to optimally manage his/her life independently. The continuous presence of an educator team - which is up to date in the rapid development of the clinical science of diabetology - is essential in the achievement of this goal. The supervisor of the department is responsible for the ongoing training and monitoring of educator nurses. ]

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Nursing career of the high-school students]


[Aim of the research: The aim of the study is to analyze the trends of student orientation in the age and compulsory education process by age group. In our research, we would like to answer the question of how much „popularity” the health care profession as a professional area among students participating in Hungarian public education. If you feel this area of expertise close to you, what kind of vision you have. Research and sampling methods: A self-constructed questionnaire was administered during 24 Oct 2017 - 13 Jan 2018. In all counties of Hungary, the authors sent it to at least one of the training sites and filled up with me (N=329). These training sites are involved in healthcare training. Data were analysed with SPSS 15.0 for Windows statistical program. Chi square, Mann-Whitney tests were applied (p <0,05). Results: Out of the 159 people (48%), 170 (52%) in the family have healthcare workers. When performing the controls of the distributions, we can conclude that there is no significant difference in the distribution between the two groups, so there is the same number - that is, statistically significant difference - of the proportion of those willing to choose the health care path. In terms of career choice, 276 (86%) of respondents believe it is likely to be oriented towards the health care path, with 46 people (14%) planning their life is in another direction. Seven of its principal did not answer the question. By completing the Mann-Whitney test, we can conclude that there is no significant difference between the two groups in the medians, so there is no difference - that is, statistically significant difference - with respect to career choice as a nursing profession’s esteem. Of the 329 participants, 215 (65%) replied that they would like to work as a nurse, while 114 (35%) responded that they would not choose this job. Conclusion: Don’t influence significantly the career entrant if there is a healthcare worker in the family. Who stand in front of career choice don’t influence significantly the appreciation but is more motivated by sympathy and helplessness toward another person.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Attitudes to starting a family among students at Semmelweis University Faculty of Health Sciences]

VÁCZI Anna, FEITH Helga Judit, SOÓSNÉ Kiss Zsuzsanna, NÉMETHNÉ Gradvohl Edina, FARKAS Boglárka

[Aim of the study: To assess the willingness of students at the Faculty of Health Sciences of Semmelweis University, with respect to the preferred number of children and the planned date of the first birth. To gain an understanding of student attitudes in relation to motherhood and the role of the woman and the relevance of the traditional family model today. Further, to examine the differences in responses from students of the three specialist areas. Methodology and sample: The authors conducted the quantitative sociological survey, based on a self-completion questionnaire, among 2nd, 3rd and 4th year student nurses, student midwifes and student health visitors at the Semmelweis University Faculty of Health Sciences. The results were analysed with the SPSS 19.0 program, using a descriptive statistical method. The proportion of useful responses to the questionnaire was 94.1% (N=257). Results: The majority of the students planned to have children, at an average age of 26.5. The preferred number of children was two or three in most cases. The majority would like to start a family when married, and regard the daily caring for children as mainly the woman’s task, which shows support for the traditional family model. In their present/future circumstances, health visitors expressed a preference for motherhood in the highest numbers, and nurses in the lowest numbers (p=0.,012). Conclusions: The student nurses, midwives and health visitors at the Faculty of Health Sciences clearly plan to start families in the future. They have a traditional attitude towards the maternal role, but putting these ideas into practice is made more difficult by their paramedical vocation. Nurses and midwives, in particular, are in danger of a conflict of roles in their future lives, for reasons such as the shift working and secondary jobs. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

Late simultaneous carcinomatous meningitis, temporal bone infiltrating macro-metastasis and disseminated multi-organ micro-metastases presenting with mono-symptomatic vertigo – a clinico-pathological case reporT

JARABIN András János, KLIVÉNYI Péter, TISZLAVICZ László, MOLNÁR Anna Fiona, GION Katalin, FÖLDESI Imre, KISS Geza Jozsef, ROVÓ László, BELLA Zsolt

Although vertigo is one of the most common complaints, intracranial malignant tumors rarely cause sudden asymmetry between the tone of the vestibular peripheries masquerading as a peripheral-like disorder. Here we report a case of simultaneous temporal bone infiltrating macro-metastasis and disseminated multi-organ micro-metastases presenting as acute unilateral vestibular syndrome, due to the reawakening of a primary gastric signet ring cell carcinoma. Purpose – Our objective was to identify those pathophysiological steps that may explain the complex process of tumor reawakening, dissemination. The possible causes of vestibular asymmetry were also traced. A 56-year-old male patient’s interdisciplinary medical data had been retrospectively analyzed. Original clinical and pathological results have been collected and thoroughly reevaluated, then new histological staining and immunohistochemistry methods have been added to the diagnostic pool. During the autopsy the cerebrum and cerebellum was edematous. The apex of the left petrous bone was infiltrated and destructed by a tumor mass of 2x2 cm in size. Histological reexamination of the original gastric resection specimen slides revealed focal submucosal tumorous infiltration with a vascular invasion. By immunohistochemistry mainly single infiltrating tumor cells were observed with Cytokeratin 7 and Vimentin positivity and partial loss of E-cadherin staining. The subsequent histological examination of necropsy tissue specimens confirmed the disseminated, multi-organ microscopic tumorous invasion. Discussion – It has been recently reported that the expression of Vimentin and the loss of E-cadherin is significantly associated with advanced stage, lymph node metastasis, vascular and neural invasion and undifferentiated type with p<0.05 significance. As our patient was middle aged and had no immune-deficiency, the promoting factor of the reawakening of the primary GC malignant disease after a 9-year-long period of dormancy remained undiscovered. The organ-specific tropism explained by the “seed and soil” theory was unexpected, due to rare occurrence of gastric cancer to metastasize in the meninges given that only a minority of these cells would be capable of crossing the blood brain barrier. Patients with past malignancies and new onset of neurological symptoms should alert the physician to central nervous system involvement, and the appropriate, targeted diagnostic and therapeutic work-up should be established immediately. Targeted staining with specific antibodies is recommended. Recent studies on cell lines indicate that metformin strongly inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition of gastric cancer cells. Therefore, further studies need to be performed on cases positive for epithelial-mesenchymal transition.