Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Attitudes to careers and the future among students at Semmelweis University]

VÁCZI Anna1, FEITH Helga Judit2, NÉMETHNÉ GRADVOHL Edina2, SOÓSNÉ KISS Zsuzsanna3, FARKAS Boglárka1

JULY 30, 2013

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2013;26(03)

[Aim of the study: The authors studied the attitudes, regarding the future, of female students who had chosen a paramedical vocation. In the course of their work they assessed the students’ vision of the future, and obtained a detailed knowledge of their family and career plans, and the correlations between them. Methodology and sample: The quantitative sociological survey, based on a self-completion questionnaire, was conducted among 2nd, 3rd and 4th year student nurses, student midwifes and student health visitors at the Semmelweis University Faculty of Health Sciences. The results were analysed with the SPSS 19.0 program, using a descriptive statistical method. The proportion of useful responses to the questionnaire was 94.1% (N=257). Results: The students clearly prefer motherhood, but their vision of the future is uncertain. Achieving new and higher professional targets was considered important by 29.2% of the sample, and going to practice their studied profession by 54.5%. With regard to career plans, the authors found a statistically provable difference between the specialisations (p<0.001). Of the nursing students who responded, 82.6% wanted to attain middle-management status by the age of 40, while only 8.7% would also be happy to work as general staff. Conclusions: The female students at Semmelweis University are preparing both to have children and to practice their paramedical vocation. The responses given regarding their vision of the future could show that the reconciliation of these two future roles is already causing uncertainty. A higher proportion of the respondents would like to achieve middle-management status, which represents greater prestige for them. A positive shift in their vision of the future could help prevent career abandonment and emigration. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Budapest
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Alapozó Egészségtudományi Intézet, Társadalomtudományi Tanszék, Budapest
  3. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Egészségfejlesztési és Klinikai Módszertani Intézet, Egészségtudományi Klinikai Tanszék, Budapest

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