Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[An examination of knowledge about cervical cancer Roma women in Hungary]


APRIL 30, 2017

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2017;30(02)

[The aim of our study was to assess the main reasons for romany women to stay away from cervical cancer screening and knowledge about cervical cancer. Methods: We carried out a quantitative, cross-sectional study with non-probability convenience sampling in 2016. Our sample consists of romany women living in the agglomeration of Nagyatád, Hungary (N=126). In the questionnaire we measured reasons for non-attendance and knowledge. During statistical analysis we calculated descriptive statistics, χc2-test and t-test (p<0,05). Results: Mean age of responders is 37,45±12,05 years. 26,2% of women have not attended any kind of gynecological screening in their life. Mean age of women when they attended for screening for the first time was 24,05±8,96 years (n=91). Main score of the knowledge test is 31,4±3,93 points. According to knowledge level there is no connection between attendants and non-attendants(p>0,05). Conclusions: The lack of knowledge determines the participating willingness, to increase has been possible by organized knowledge transmitter performances.]


  1. Pécsi Tudományegyetem Egészségtudományi Kar, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet
  2. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Egészségbiztosítási Intézet
  3. PTE Egészségtudományi Kar, Pécsi Képzési Központ, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet
  4. Pécsi Tudományegyetem Egészségtudományi Kar, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet, Védőnő és Prevenciós Tanszék



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[American Heroine of home care nursing and social care, Lillian D. Wald was born 150 years ago]

BALOGH Zoltán, BALOGH Ádám, MISI Adelina

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Examination of cardio-vascular risk factors in the priority of atrial fibrillation]


[Objectives: Stroke-prophylaxis is the biggest question regarding atrial fibrillation. Their aim is to examine the risk factors, successfulness of frequency control, and the effectiveness of anticoagulant therapy. Methods: This quantitative cross-sectional study used a non-randomized sampling method. Enrollment criteria: anticoa-gulant therapy, atrial fibrillation, age 20-90 years, NYHA stage II. Excursion criteria: patients having elective intervention that influences INR rates. Patient data was collected from the records of the University of Pécs, Cardiology Clinic between 01.01.2012-31.12. They used linear regression, T-test, χ2-test, variance analysis (ANOVA), SPSS 20.0. Results: Significant correlation between BMI values-, systolic blood pressure-, modified medication and its effect on frequency control-, correct anticoagulant therapy, INR parameters and the increased risk of thromboembolia in patients with atrial fibrillation. (p<0.05) Conclusion: Stratification of risk factors and individual optimisation of anticoagulant therapy is important for effective stroke prevention and increased survival rate.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Handling hazardous drugs during bladder instillation: epirubicin contamination with and without a closed system]

BOGNÁR Krisztina, ZRÍNYI Miklós, JUHÁSZ Ákos, BATKA Gábor

[The aim of the study: Assess epirubicin contamination during bladder instillation with or without the use of a closed system drug transfer device (CSTD). Material and Methods: Four hospital sites participated in an experimental wipe study (3 used, 1 did not use a CSTD [control]). Samples were frozen and transported to Germany for liquid chromatography analysis. Samples were taken from seven surfaces following drug reconstitution and patient administration. Group differences were analyzed by one way ANOVA. Results: There was a major difference in contamination between CSTD and non-CSTD use (F = 7,63; p < 0,001); the workflow without the use of a CSTD showed much greater amounts of epirubicin left behind. There wasn’t any difference in contamination across sites using a CSTD. Conclusions: Without a CSTD epirubicin contamination was high. The CSTD was shown to be effective to minimize the health risk of nurses. We recommend that CSTD be implemented in routine nursing practice.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Intermittent Clean Catheterisation (ICC)]


[In Hungary intermittent clean selfcatheterization is a method which has been used for a long time, but the intervention in pediatrics like the process, the short history of it, the method’s detailed description and the education of it is less known among nurses. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Introduction of the Hungarian Hospice- Palliative Association]


[The Hungarian Hospice-Palliative Association was founded in 1995 and represents nearly a hundred national hospice organization. Our goal is to promote technical cooperation, development of end of life care to terminally ill patients, social awareness and volunteerism, social responsibility and promoting solidarity with the patients. This is accomplished by initial and continuing vocational training, organizing conferences, professional guidelines and the formulation of policies, research support and coordination of publications.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Insulin: alfa and omega]

KIS János Tibor, BALOGH Bernadett, KISS Zsófia, SCHANDL László

[Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is caused by the autoimmune death of insulin-producing β-cells. In the background there is by all probability the primary antigen (if the theory of primary antigen is correct) the insulin itself or the proinsulin. However, treatment of T1DM is virtually equivalent to the insulin treatment. The earlier we recognize T1DM and start treatment, the better gly­caemic results we achieve, the more likely we can maintain all functional β-cell stocks. Insulin also plays a key role in the immunopathogenesis, development and treatment of T1DM, thus insulin is the alpha and omega in this condition.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Ways of treatment in traditional, complementary and integrative medicine of COVID-19]

SZÔKE Henrik, DARÓCZI Zoltán, VERZÁR Zsófia

[This study presents the results and expert opinions about the most important, amply evidence based, most widespread and af­fordable therapeutic procedures and supp­lementary preparations, which may support or and possibly replace conventional treatments. Traditional, complementary, and integrative medicine offers a number of options to enhance physical, psychic and mental resilience that may also be useful in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 patients. It will be worthwhile to analyse the evidences of clinical experiences on potential benefits. This brief summary might serve as a useful starting point for further research on this topic.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Changes in systolic blood pressure in the Hungárián aduit population between 2010 and 2018 based on public health screening data]


[Using our mobile public health screening system, we examined the changes in systolic blood pressure averages and systolic pressure distribution between 2010 and 2018 by analyzing the data of 72,857 women (mean age 42.3±13.9 years) and 61,563 mén (mean age 42.2±13.9 years) in three consecutive time periods. The SBP averages have been gradually and significantly decreased since 2010 in all age groups. The parametric and non-parametric characteristics of the systolic distribution curves alsó showed a favorable change during the indicated period. The observed changes may indicate that the primary and secondary prevention, as well as the treatment of hypertension and the physician-patient cooperation in Hungarywere successful in the indicated period.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Dizziness - vertigo Warning symptoms in vertebrobasilar ischemia - Part I. ]


[Dizziness and vertigo - like headache - are the most common complaints which leads patients to visit the doctor. In spite of the headache - which may be primary (e.g. migraine) or symptomatic - dizziness and vertigo do not appear to be a separate nosologic entity but rather the symptoms of several neurological disorders. For differential diagnosis, interdisciplinary thinking and activity is needed because the vestibular, neurological and psychiatric disorders might have a common role in the development of symptoms and further overlapping can also occur. The vascular disorders of the vertebrobasilar system are discussed in detail in this review. The importance, occurrence and causes of vertigo as a warning symptom is in the focus. The author draws attention to life-threatening conditions with acute onset in cases of the posterior scale ischemia and emphasizes the importance of the correct and early diagnosis. The author tries to clear up the nihilistic aspect in treating of stroke and stresses the necessity of thrombolysis and interventional radiological procedures which may be the only chance for the recovery of the patients. The pharmacological prevention of recurrent vascular events is also important and obligatory for the clinicians.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Blood pressure management for stroke prevention and in the acute stroke. The new guideline of European Society of Hypertension (ESH, 2018), European Society of Cardiology and Hungarian Society of Hypertension (HSH, 2018)]

JENEI Zoltán

[Hypertension is the leading modifiable risk factor for stroke. Its prevalence amongst stroke patient is about 60-70% and the benefit of blood pressure (BP) lowering therapy on stroke risk reduction is well established. However the optimal BP targets for preventing stroke and reducing stroke consequences have been controversial. The new European (ESC/ESH) and Hungarian (HSH) hypertension guideline published in 2018 highlighted the primary and secondary prevention of stroke and the BP management in the acute stroke care as well. According results from ACCORD, SPRINT, HOPE-3, and other metaanalysis the systolic blood pressure (SBP) lowering < 120 mmHg has not favourable effect, thus in hypertensive patients < 65 years the SBP should be lowered to a BP range of 120-129 mmHg. In older patients ≥ 65 years the SBP should be targeted to a BP range of 130-139 mmHg (IA). In patients with acute intracerebral haemorrhage careful acute BP lowering with iv. therapy, to <180 mmHg should be considered only in case of SBP ≥ 220 mmHg (IIaB). In patients with acute ischaemic stroke who are eligible for iv. thrombolysis, BP should be carefully lowered and maintained to < 180/105 mmHg for at least the first 24 h after thrombolysis (IIaB). If the patient is not eli gible for lysis and BP ≤ 220/110 mmHg, routine BP lowering drug therapy is not recommended inside 48-72 h (IA). In patients with markedly elevated BP > 220/110 mmHg who do not receive fibrinolysis, drug therapy may be considered, based on clinical judgement, to reduce BP by 15% during the first 24 h after the stroke onset (IIbC). After 72 h of acute stroke in case of hypertensive patients < 65 years the SBP should be lowered to a BP range of 120-129 mmHg (IIaB). In older patients ≥ 65 years the SBP should be targeted to a BP range of 130-139 mmHg (IA). If BP < 140/90 mmHg after stroke, the BP lowering should be considered (IIbA). It is recommended to initiate an antihypertensive treatment with combination, preferably single pill combination of renin-angiotensin system blockers plus a calcium channel blocker and/or a thiazide like diuretics (IA). Lowering SBP < 120 mmHg is not recommended due to advers events regardless of age and type of stroke either in primary or secondary stroke prevention.]