Hungarian Radiology

[Zsófia Farbaky: Basics of musculoskeletal ultrasound]


AUGUST 20, 2004

Hungarian Radiology - 2004;78(04)



Further articles in this publication

Hungarian Radiology

[dr. László Szlávy]

HÜTTL Kálmán

Hungarian Radiology

[Head for head]


Hungarian Radiology

[Osteogenesis imperfecta and spondylo-costal dysplasia in a male child]


[INTRODUCTION - Co-existence of osteogenesis imperfecta with another bone dysplasia is rare. That of osteogenesis imperfecta and spondylo-costal dysplasia has not yet been reported. CASE REPORT - The authors present a 13 year-old boy. He was disproportionate with shortening of the upper segment, and the upper and lower extremities, and he had dysmorphic face. His parents were healthy. Radiographs revealed osteogenesis imperfecta and spondylocostal dysplasia. CONCLUSION - Patients with two bone dysplasias have a much worse prognosis. Superimposition of any skeletal dysplasia on abnormal osteogenesis enhances the disposition to deformities and fractures.]

Hungarian Radiology

[22th Congress of the Society of Hungarian Radiologists]


Hungarian Radiology

[Diagnostic difficulties of pancreatic rupture caused by blunt abdominal trauma]

WENINGER Csaba, ROSTÁS Tamás, MORÓ Zsuzsanna, GERSEI Emma

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of this study was to analyze the radiological observations of four cases of pancreatic fracture caused by blunt abdominal trauma. PATIENTS AND METHOD - The authors diagnosed pancreatic transection in four patient during a 4-year period. The patients were examined with spiral CT. Two children suffered pancreatic injury caused by blunt abdominal trauma (7,5 and 13 years old) and two adult men (40 and 35 years old). RESULTS - The abdominal ultrasound examination was not diagnostic regarding to pancreatic injury, but depicted free abdominal fluid and associated injuries of other organs. The pancreatic fracture was diagnosed only in one case at the first abdominal CT. The examiner failed to recognize the pancreatic transection in two cases at the initial CT. A pseudocyst was diagnosed by the examiner correctly in the 4th case, depicted earlier with US some weeks after the blunt abdominal trauma, but the pancreatic rupture was seen during reviewing of the CT scans, only. CONCLUSION - The recognition of pancreatic injury is difficult but very important, because it requires surgical intervention. In the literature, spiral CT considered as the best imaging technique in the evaluation of pancreatic injury. The radiologist has to think about the traumatic injury of pancreas also and know the signs of pancreatic fracture.]

All articles in the issue

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Hungarian Radiology

[Gynecological malignancies: review of the radiological diagnostics and image-guided therapy - Onco Update 2008]


[The recent results of diagnostical imaging of gynecological tumours and the actual place of interventional radiological methods are discussed. Systematical reviews of articles published during the last year (2007) have been availed to discuss: cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, general and special imaging of the female pelvis, different uterine fibroid ablation methods (embolisation and high-intensity focused ultrasound [HIFU]). Experience of gynecological tumour imaging is growing rapidly, therefore, even the current examination algorithm is changing continuously. New diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are making their way into the daily routine. Some examinations become obsolete during the course of time and thus their further application should be avoided. In the meanwhile, some modalities prove their worth and become indespensable during the investigation of a given pathology.]

Hungarian Radiology

[Regulation of the diagnostic ultrasound practice]


LAM Extra for General Practicioners

[The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among ambulance personnel in a national subsample]

PÉK Emese, BÁNFAI Bálint, DEUTSCH Krisztina, JEGES Sára, BETLEHEM József

[BACKGROUND - The ambulance workers face a lot of mental stress and physical demands in their everyday life. The physical demands can be originated from caring heavy equipment and moving patients. The poor mental health can strengthen physical problems, too. In this study our aim was to detect and compare the musculoskeletal status of ambulance personnel in two regions of Hungary. SAMPLE AND METHODS - On a voluntary base a cross-sectional anonymous, standardized self-fill-in questionnaire (Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire) was used with additional items. All ambulance personnel over 18 years old were involved in the study who worked in direct patient care either in the North-Hungarian or in the West-Hungarian Region of the country. RESULTS - In the regional representative sample N=810 workers answered our questions. Out of them 587 persons (72.5%) reported about some musculoskeletal problem during his lifespan. Most of them suffered from lower back pain (448 persons, 55%), back pain (318 persons, 39%), neck pain (250 persons, 30.9%). Parallel with the aging and with the time spent working for the ambulance service more and more overall discomfort can be detected (p=0.013; p=0.020). Having a second job affected the level and frequency of discomfort negatively (p=0.005). CONCLUSIONS - More than 70% of the ambulance workers experienced musculoskeletal problem during his emergency workers carrier which may worsen the quality of his work and his personal life. To handle the situation primary prevention, screening and possibilities for recreation should be forced among ambulance workers. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae



[After cholecystectomy, recurrent biliary-like pain, alone or in association with a transient increase in liver enzymes may be the clinical manifestation of the sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD). Most of the clinical information concerning SOD refers to postcholecystectomy patients who have been classified according to clinical presentation, laboratory results and endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) findings as: biliary type I, biliary type II, and biliary type III. The prevalence of SOD has been reported to vary from 9 to 11% in unselected patients having postcholecystectomy syndrome up to 68% in a selected group of patients without organic disorder and complaining of postcholecystectomy pain. Diagnostic work-up of postcholecystectomy patients for suspected SOD includes liver biochemistry and pancreatic enzyme levels plus negative findings of structural abnormalities. Usually this would include transabdominal ultrasound, gastroscopy and ERCP. Depending on the available resources, endoscopic ultrasound and magnetic resonance cholangiography may precede endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in specific clinical conditions. In SOD patients, the endoscopic sphincter of Oddi manometry is the gold-standard diagnostic method to evaluate the abnormal motor function of the sphincter of Oddi. Quantitative evaluation of bile transit with cholescintigraphy is valuable in the decision whether to perform sphincter of Oddi manometry or to treat. The standard treatment for SOD is sphincterotomy. In biliary type I patients, the indication for endoscopic sphincterotomy is straightforward without the need of additional investigations. Slow bile transit on cholescintigraphy in biliary type II patients is an indication to perform endoscopic sphincterotomy without sphincter of Oddi manometry. Positive Nardi or Debray evocative test in biliary type III patients is an indication to perform sphincter of Oddi manometry. Medical therapy with nitrosovasodilatators, Ca-channel blockers, theophyllin compounds, β2 receptor agonists and anticholinerg drugs can be useful in biliary type II and type III patients preceding endoscopic sphincterotomy. If medical therapy fails, one might proceed to perform ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy but only in patients with abnormal SO manometry results.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Basics of the medical use of ayahuasca: physiology of dimethyltryptamine]


[Ayahuasca is a brew made of two admixture plants containing dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and b-carbolines (harmine and tetrahydroharmine). The indigenous groups of the Amazonas basin have been using it for centuries as an ethnomedical substance in healing and spiritual-religious rituals. During the last two decades the brew has raised increased scientific and public interest worldwide about its healing effects. Present paper addresses the therapeutic potentials of ayahuasca use and outlines the cellular mechanisms behind - in focus of the s-1 receptor mediated action of DMT. The scientific investigation of ayahuasca is complicated by methodical problems, legal issues, and sociocultural preconceptions.]