Hungarian Radiology

[Prenatal detection of campomelic dysplasia by sonography]


OCTOBER 20, 2007

Hungarian Radiology - 2007;81(05-06)

[INTRODUCTION - The campomelic dysplasia is a disorder characterized by short and bowed lower limbs resulting in dwarfism. CASE REPORT - In the case of a 21-year-old primipara woman the second screening ultrasonography raised the suspicion of short and bowed lower limbs of the fetus, at the 19th week of the pregnancy. Repeated examinations proved the presence of short and bowed femurs and tibias and abnormal echogenecity of the bones. The upper limbs were almost normal in length. During the 19th week of pregnancy, after a genetic analysis in agreement of the parents the pregnancy was interrupted without any complication. Photography and Xray of the fetus confirmed the diagnosis. CONCLUSION - Fetal ultrasonography should include exact size measurement and observation of the shape of the long bones, making possible the early detection of limb anomalies. The anomaly being proven by positive genetic analysis the pregnancy can be interrupted at the parents' request.]



Further articles in this publication

Hungarian Radiology

[MRI-guided prostate brachytherapy: First Hungarian experiences based on a canine study]


[INTRODUCTION - Modern radical radiotherapy can be an effective alternative of radical prostatectomy in low risk patients with prostate tumor. Our objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of transperineal MR-guided prostate interventions in an open MR unit and to present our early clinical experiences on canines. METHODS AND MATERIALS - The procedures were performed on 5 canines in an open-configuration 0.35T MR scanner. For interventions an MR compatible custom-made device was used. The canines were placed in the right lateral decubitus position. Template reconstruction, trajectory planning, target and OAR delineation were based on T2 FSE images. For image guidance and target confirmation, fast spoiled gradient-echo (FSPGR) sequence was used. MR compatible coaxial needles were inserted through the perineum to the base of the prostate. After satisfactory position was confirmed, brachytherapy catheters were placed through the coaxial needles, which were then removed. RESULTS - Mean and standard deviation of the needle displacements was 2.2 mm±1.2 mm, with a median of 2 mm. 96% of the errors were less than 4.0 mm. Implantation induced prostate motion was measured with a mean of 10.3 and 2.3 mm in cranio-caudal and transverse directions. Significant movement was only observed during the first 4 needle insertions. The average time needed for each step was: anesthesia 15 minutes, setup and positioning 15 minutes, initial imaging 15 minutes, template registration and projection 15 minutes, contouring, trajectory planning, insertion of 10 needles 60 minutes. CONCLUSION - Based on our canine model experiences our method seems to be a promising approach for performing feasible, accurate, reliable and high-quality prostate MR guidance within a reasonable time span. We plan to introduce MR-guided biopsy and brachytherapy in human patients in the near future.]

Hungarian Radiology

[Computed tomography brain perfusion in the management of acute stroke]

BAGI Róbert, SZABÓ Tünde, MONOKI Erzsébet

[INTRODUCTION - The multidetector CT-technology made the application of perfusion CT-examination in the diagnosis of vascular brain damages possible in recently. The purpose of this study was to introduce the method and to assess the importance of computed tomography brain perfusion in emergency patient care and early diagnosis of brain ischemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS - We perform brain perfusion examinations with a 2 slice multidetector computer tomography (General Electric Highspeed NX/i, 2004) in our hospital. We examined the results of native and perfusion CT of 27 patients who underwent CT brain perfusion examination during emergency patient care in our department between 2004 January and 2006 December. We also examined if the patients got systemic thrombolysation and the patients’ condition after therapy. RESULTS - The perfusion software can make quantitative colour maps of parameters (CBF, CBV, MTT) and can visualize mean value and percentil decrease of measuring parameters. There were 18 positive and 8 negative CTbrain perfusion examinations in the examined period. One examination was technically unvaluable. CONCLUSION - By measuring blood flow's decrease the CT-brain perfusion examination can separate the reversible and irreversible damage of brain parenchyma. The examination protocol of brain vascular damages are native CT-scan, postcontrast perfusion CT-examination and CTangiography by the recommendation of international literature. Despite the multidetector CT-s and CT-perfusion technic is available for years, the CT-brain perfusion examination is not a routine process in the emergency patient care in our country.]

Hungarian Radiology

[XV. Symposium and Postgradual Training of the Pediatric Radiologists]


Hungarian Radiology

[XII. Congress of the Hungarian Radiographers]


Hungarian Radiology

[“Magic photos” in Szeged]


All articles in the issue

Related contents

Hungarian Radiology

[Az emlődaganatok radiológiai vizsgálatának újdonságai Onco Update, 2007]


[Experiences about the breast diagnostic methods are accumulating year-to-year, rapidly. Therefore the current examination algorithm is changing continuously. New diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are entering into the daily practice. Some of them became obsolete, so far their application is becoming a faulty decision. Some other methods become obligatory steps in the diagnostics. These are the reasons why the up-to-date knowledge of the literature is mandatory. Systematic review of the most recent articles of the last two years (January 2005-December 2006) of breast radiological diagnostics and the actual place of the imaging and interventional methods are presented. The following topics are summarized: breast cancer screening with conventional and digital mammography, computer assisted diagnostics (CAD), high risk patients' screening, US, MRI, MSCT, PET/CT, diagnostic interventions, differential diagnostics, percutaneous tumour ablation, therapy-related questions in the diagnostic work up.]

Hungarian Radiology

[Isolated gallbladder rupture following blunt abdominal trauma]


[INTRODUCTION - Gallbladder injuries following blunt abdominal trauma occur rarely and are usually associated with damage to other abdominal organs. Isolated rupture of the gallbladder is extremely rare. CASE REPORT - A 42-year old intoxicated male patient suffered a blunt abdominal trauma 4 days before the admission. The physical examination was of normal and no specific laboratory values were found. Ultrasound examination demonstrated the gallbladder with hyperechoic thickened wall and inhomogenous content. Beside of the gallbladder fluid collection was detected with irregular margins. To prove the diagnosis of gallbladder injury computed tomography was carried out. Break of the gallbladder wall and hight density lumen content, corresponding to blood was detected. Around the gallbladder an irregular fluid collection was seen, which reached the level of the transverse section of the mesocolon. Computed tomography excluded traumatic lesion of other parenchimal abdominal organs. Surgery confirmed the radiological diagnosis. CONCLUSION - The patient with isolated gallbladder injury had a multiphasic clinical course. Sometimes the diagnosis has to be established at a relatively asymptomatic stage. The basic methods of the diagnostics are the ultrasound examination and computed tomography.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[The importance of recognition and proper treatment of hypertension and the maintenance of adherence in hypertension care]

NEMCSIK János, PÁLL Dénes, JÁRAI Zoltán

[Hypertension is the leading cause of death and disability-adjusted life years. In the United States hypertension accounts for more cardiovascular (CV) deaths than any other modifiable CV disease risk factor and was second only to cigarette smoking as a preventable cause of death for any reason. In our country the situation is similar. In Hungary the number of subjects with hypertension is approximately 3.5 million and this high prevalence contributes markedly to the poor Hungarian CV morbidity and mortality figures. The recognition of hypertension, the initiation of drug therapy and the long-term follow- up of the patients is mainly the task of primary care. Besides that it inheres high responsibility, this is also a grateful commitment, as hypertension in most of the cases can be treated properly with lifestyle-changes and medications leading to a marked decrease of CV complications, especially stroke. In our review article we would like to focus on the high prevalence of hypertension worldwide as well as in our country, the exact implementation of screening, the risk reduction potential of the proper treatment and the importance of the long-term maintenance of treatment adherence.]

Lege Artis Medicinae


ÚJSZÁSZY László, SIMON László, HORVÁTH Gábor, TAM Beatrix

[The frequency of colorectal cancer is increasing all over the world. It is the second most frequent oncological disease leading to death in both sexes in Hungary. The main part of colorectal cancer develope after the age of 50. In case of patients having higher risk we have to calculate with the earlier appearance of the tumour and detectable molecular genetic disorders. The development of colorectal cancer needs a long time. Before the appearance of the cancer, precancerous processes (adenomas, polyps) can be detected in the large intestine. The development of colorectal cancer can be prevented by the removal of the adenomas (polypectomy). There are many different and efficient methods to detect the precancerous and early disorders. For increasing the compliance to screening programs the common efforts of the society, the National Health Care Services and medical doctors are necessary. The education of the population and the medical services would also be helpful. The colorectal cancer screening programs are costeffective and supported by the different health services independently from the type of the insurance. Screening the patients having higher risk is one of most important task. In these cases the use of colonoscopy is the most frequent method for the screening and follow up as well.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Health Protective Screening Program of Hungary 2010-2020. Metabolic syndrome - Results in 2010-2012]

KÉKES Ede, BARNA István, DAIKI Tenno, DANKOVICS Gergely, KISS István

[1 597 163 health assessments were performed on 65267 persons as a part of screening program. 132 964 participants were participated in our lifestyle advice program. The number of questionnaire responses for health statue were 3 717 480 during three years. This publication presents the results of metabolic disorders explored by screening. The metabolic syndrome was characterized by visceral obesity, abnormal glucose level and elevated blood pressure. Reasonable suspicion of metabolic syndrome was occured in 33-38% of subjects. Where the positive criteria was present, there were higher values of investigated parameters (waist, glucose, cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, uric acide level) compared with those of negative criteria.]