Clinical Neuroscience

Über die Problematik der Neurosen im Kindesalter

GÖLLNITZ Gerhard1

APRIL 01, 1963

Clinical Neuroscience - 1963;16(04)

Es wird vor der allzu starken Ausweitung des Begriffes ,,Neurose im Kindesalter“ gewarnt. Kinderfehler, phasenbedingte kindliche Fehlhaltungen, psychogene Reaktionen, psychogene Entwicklungen und auch einfache abnorme Erlebnisreaktionen sind nicht mit Neurosen gleichzusetzen. Für diese Diagnose ist eine abnorme psychogene Entwicklung zu fordern, die zu somatischen und psychischen Störungen führt, die das Kind nicht mehr kompensieren kann und die vom Kind selbst als fremdartig und störend empfunden werden. Näher eingegangen wird auf die besondere Umweltanfälligkeit und damit auch Neuroseanfälligkeit encephalopathischer Kinder, bei denen die Fähigkeit des Abstandnehmens und bestimmte Erlebnisse zum Abschluss zu bringen sowie die Hemmung und Eingrenzung intrapsychischer Reaktionen behindert sind. Es sind Kinder mit einem schwankenden Biotonus. Grundsätzliche Bedenken werden gegen die Verwendung des Begriffes „Psychopathie für das Kindesalter ventiliert, umso mehr, als damit die keineswegs bewiesene These von der Vererbung psychischer Eigenschaften allzu leicht dazu verführt, sich in seinem therapeutischen Handeln beeinflussen und lähmen zu lassen.

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Universitäts-Nervenklinik Rostock, Abteilung für Kinder-Neuro-Psychiatrie

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