Clinical Neuroscience

[J131-labelled Human Serum Albumin myelographies]

TAKÁCS Piroska1

NOVEMBER 01, 1966

Clinical Neuroscience - 1966;19(11)

[Describes a myelographic method for HSA with J131. He considers the test to be of good value for initial orientation in suspected spinal stenosis, emphasising the fact that the test does not render other diagnostic procedures unnecessary. He agrees with Ljasz that the method is well suited to localising the site of spinal stenosis, but does not provide differential diagnostic assistance in determining the quality of the process. A major advantage of the method is its safety. ]


  1. Csongrád Megyei Tanács Kórháza Szentes, Izotóp Laboratórium és Ideg-elme Osztály



Further articles in this publication

Clinical Neuroscience

[Past and present trends in schizophrenia and depression outcomes]


[Using the matched pares technique, 4X123 (total: 492) medical histories from different years were processed from the BOTE Psychiatric Clinic charts.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[About CSF plasma cells]


[ The author analyses the morphological and functional aspects of plasma cells detected in meningograms of 60 cases with inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system. Among the shape variants of the plasma cells, he isolated immature cell types that appeared in the cerebrospinal fluid. The young cell shapes of the CSF plasmocytes suggest a leptomeningeal origin of CSF plasma cells. The author found plasmocytic cytological reactions in the CSF of two patients, an accumulation of blast-type cells, secret-vacuolum-like lesions in the plasma cells and highly elevated gamma-globulin values. It raises the possibility that the plasma cells detected in CSF are immunoreactive and play a role in the production of CSF antibodies.Analysis of meningograms from 30 panencephalitic patients and CSF protein spectra from 18 cases revealed that leptomeningeal plasma cells were mainly involved in the production of CSF antibodies. s migrating gamma fractions. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Isolated thenar atrophy caused by circumferential cervical spondylarthrosis]


[The author reviews the literature on isolated thenar atrophy caused by circumscribed osteochondrosis, and then describes three typical cases of his own. He draws attention to the diagnostic, differential-diagnostic and therapeutic significance of knowledge of the pathology. therapeutic importance. He discusses the putative local facilitating factors for the development of the pathology.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Data on the effectiveness of group therapy with chronic schizophrenics]

SÜLE Ferenc, SÜLE Ferencné

[The authors report an evaluation of a 30-session group therapy process with chronic psychotic patients. The assessment was conducted using clinical medical and nurse observations, repeatable body procedures, and a systematic recording of group session communication developed by the authors. Their study shows that as few as 30 therapy sessions are useful for resocializing patients and they see the potential of systematic recording to enable further research and understanding of group dynamics as significant.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Familial peripheral nervous system damage of compression origin]

PÉLEY Domokos

[The author describes two families in which multiple peripheral nervous system lesions, mainly peroneal nerve palsy, have been observed. The nerve lesions were almost always caused by prolonged rigid postures (kneeling, squatting, arm flexion). The prognosis of the disease is good, but recurrence is possible. It occurs mainly during agricultural work and can therefore be considered an occupational hazard. A congenital familial predisposition and nerve compression as a triggering factor may be involved. ]

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[The role of sleep in the relational memory processes ]

CSÁBI Eszter, ZÁMBÓ Ágnes, PROKECZ Lídia

[A growing body of evidence suggests that sleep plays an essential role in the consolidation of different memory systems, but less is known about the beneficial effect of sleep on relational memory processes and the recognition of emotional facial expressions, however, it is a fundamental cognitive skill in human everyday life. Thus, the study aims to investigate the effect of timing of learning and the role of sleep in relational memory processes. 84 young adults (average age: 22.36 (SD: 3.22), 21 male/63 female) participated in our study, divided into two groups: evening group and morning group indicating the time of learning. We used the face-name task to measure relational memory and facial expression recognition. There were two sessions for both groups: the immediate testing phase and the delayed retesting phase, separated by 24 hours. 84 young adults (average age: 22.36 (SD: 3.22), 21 male/63 female) participated in our study, divided into two groups: evening group and morning group indicating the time of learning. We used the face-name task to measure relational memory and facial expression recognition. There were two sessions for both groups: the immediate testing phase and the delayed retesting phase, separated by 24 hours. Our results suggest that the timing of learning and sleep plays an important role in the stabilizing process of memory representation to resist against forgetting.]

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[History of vaccine production in Hungary ]


[This study presents the complete history of the Hungarian vaccine production, partly in association with the process of fighting vaccine-preventable infectious diseases, and underlines the fact that every government actively contributed to the age-adjusted mandatory vaccination schedule of the past 140 years. It demonstrates the various achievements from the smallpox lymph production through the launch of diphtheria serum production at Phylaxia and the establishment of the National Public Health Institute (OKI) with its vaccine production and the later institutional transformation of OKI into Humán as economic corporation to its closure. Among all OKI’s vaccine production activities, this study focuses on the production of influenza vaccines, due to its international importance in the 1960s and 1970s. The vaccine production against diphtheria tetanus and pertussis stands out from Humán’s activities, and the tetanus component of this vaccine is still used in the products of a multinational vaccine manufacturer. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The Great Acceleration]

BRYS Zoltán

Clinical Neuroscience

Neuroscience highlights: The mirror inside our brain

KRABÓTH Zoltán, KÁLMÁN Bernadette

Over the second half of the 19th century, numerous theories arose concerning mechanisms involved in understanding of action, imitative learning, language development and theory of mind. These explorations gained new momentum with the discovery of the so called “mirror neurons”. Rizzolatti’s work inspired large groups of scientists seeking explanation in a new and hitherto unexplored area of how we perceive and understand the actions and intentions of others, how we learn through imitation to help our own survival, and what mechanisms have helped us to develop a unique human trait, language. Numerous studies have addressed these questions over the years, gathering information about mirror neurons themselves, their subtypes, the different brain areas involved in the mirror neuron system, their role in the above mentioned mechanisms, and the varying consequences of their dysfunction in human life. In this short review, we summarize the most important theories and discoveries that argue for the existence of the mirror neuron system, and its essential function in normal human life or some pathological conditions.

Clinical Neuroscience

[Comparative analysis of the full and shortened versions of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory]

ÁDÁM Szilvia, DOMBRÁDI Viktor, MÉSZÁROS Veronika, BÁNYAI Gábor, NISTOR Anikó, BÍRÓ Klára

[Background – The two free-to-use versions of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) have been increasingly utilised to assess the prevalence of burnout among human service workers. The OLBI has been developed to overcome some of the psychometric and conceptual limitations of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the gold standard of burnout measures. There is a lack of data on the structural validity of the Mini Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory in Hungary. Purpose – To assess the structural validity of the Hungarian versions of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and the Mini-Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. Methods – We enrolled 564 participants (196 healthcare workers, 104 nurses and 264 clinicians) in three cross-sectional surveys. In our analysis we assessed the construct validity of the instruments using confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency using coefficient Cronbach’s α. Results – We confirmed the two-dimensional structure (exhaustion and disengagement) of the Mini-Oldenburg Inventory and a shortened version of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory Internal consistency coefficient confirmed the reliability of the instruments. The burnout appeared more than a 50 percent of the participants in every subsample. The prevalence of exhaustion was above 54.5% in each of the subsamples and the proportion of disengaged clinicians was particularly high (92%). Conclusions – Our findings provide support for the construct validity and reliability of the Hungarian versions of the Mini-Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and a shortened version of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory in the assessment of burnout among clinicians and nurses in Hungary.]