Clinical Neuroscience

[Behavioral and cognitive profile of corpus callosum agenesia - Review]

LÁBADI Beatrix1, BEKE Anna Mária2

NOVEMBER 30, 2016

Clinical Neuroscience - 2016;69(11-12)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18071/isz.69.0373

[Introduction - Agenesis of corpus callosum is a relatively frequent congenital cerebral malformation including dysplasia, total or partial absence of corpus callosum. The agenesis of corpus callosum can be occured in isolated form without accompanying somatic or central nervous system abnormalities and it can be associated with other central nervus system malformations. The behavioral and cognitive outcome is more favorable for patients with isolated agenesis of corpus callous than syndromic form of corpus callosum. The aim of this study is to review recent research on behavioral and social-cognitive functions in individuals with agenesis of corpus callosum. Developmental delay is common especially in higher-order cognitive and social functions. Methods - An internet database search was performed to identify publications on the subject. Results - Fifty-five publications in English corresponded to the criteria. These studies reported deficits in language, social cognition and emotions in individuals with agenesis of corpus callosum which is known as primary corpus callous syndrome. Discussion - The results indicate that individuals with agenesis of corpus callosum have deficiency in social-cognitive domain (recognition of emotions, weakness in paralinguistic aspects of language and mentalizing abilities). The impaired social cognition can be manifested in behavioral problems like autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Bölcsészettudományi Kar, Pszichológia Intézet, Pécs
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem, I. Sz. Szülészeti és Nôgyógyászati Klinika, Budapest

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