Clinical Neuroscience - 2007;60(05-06)

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[NOVEL CELL-BIOLOGICAL IDEAS DEDUCIBLE FROM MORPHOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON “DARK” NEURONS REVISITED]

GALLYAS Ferenc

[The origin, nature and fate of ”dark“ (dramatically shrunken and hyperbasophilic) neurons are century-old problems in both human and experimental neuropathology. Until a few years ago, hardly any cell-biological conclusion had been drawn from their histological investigation. On the basis of light and electron microscopic findings in animal experiments performed during the past few years, my research team has put forward novel ideas concerning 1. the nature of ”dark“ neurons (malfunction of an... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[SLEEP DISORDERS IN PARKINSON SYNDROMES]

SZŰCS Anna, KOVÁCS Gábor Géza, NARULA Lalit, HALÁSZ Péter

[About 90% of neurodegenerative diseases with parkinsonism are associated with sleep disorders including daytime sleepiness, sleep-related breathing disorders and parasomnias. It is hard to define what ratio of insomnia and daytime hypersomnia is caused by the antiparkinsonian tratment, by the somatic and mentalemotional symptoms of the neurodegenerativ disease and by the neurodegenerative brain process itself. Recent research suggests that the latter group is more important than expected. In... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[DIETARY ASPECTS OF EPILEPSY]

KOZÁK Norbert, CSIBA László

[The ketogenic diet has been used long for the treatment of epilepsy. The high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet creates ketosis. Although the exact mechanism of action is unknown the results are consistent. Ten percent of the patients who start the diet become seizure free, 50% experiences 50% seizure reduction. The diet is hardly tolerable but also effective in therapyresistent patients. Trials are under way with new methods, like the Atkins diet, low-glycaemic-index treatment, polyunsaturated fatty... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[THE PREVALENCE OF WHITE MATTER ABNORMALITIES ON MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGES IN MIGRAINE]

TÓTH Marianna, KUNDRA Olga, KULIN Árpád

[Introduction - While examining patients with headache, abnormalities of unknown significance may quite frequently be encountered. In migraine small, subcortical, white matter abnormalities (WMAs) can be visualized by magnetic resonance images. The connection of these WMAs with the migraine is unclear, but some studies report the higher incidence of WMA in migraine. Patients and method - The authors reviewed the MR scans of their new migraine patients younger than 55 years treated in period of... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[TREATMENT OF SPASTIC UPPER LIMB WITH BOTULINUS TOXIN]

DÉNES Zoltán, FEHÉR Miklós, VÁRKONYI Andrea

[Objective - Examination of the effect of local botulinus toxin treatment on spastic upper limb, on patients with different brain injury. Patients and method - Prospective study in Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit of the National Institute for Medical Rehabilitation in the year 2003 and 2004. Thirteen patients (eight with stroke and five with traumatic brain injury) were treated locally on the spastic upper limb with 100 units botulinus A toxin. Results - Spasticity decreased one or... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[LATE CONTRALATERAL EPILEPTOGENESIS AFTER INCOMPLETE SURGERY IN TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY FOLLOWED ACROSS 18 YEARS]

HALÁSZ Péter, JANSZKY József, KELEMEN Anna, BARSI Péter, RÁSONYI György

[Objectives - To present evidence of changes in seizure semiology suggesting late contralateral epileptogenesis after incomplete surgery in a patient with temporal lobe epilepsy. Methods - The presently 36 year old female patient was followed across 18 years by clinical observation and EEG, and video-EEG monitored before and 18 years after surgery. Results - The patient had complex partial seizures defined by video-EEG which started from the right temporal lobe with an ictal spread to the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[CONGENITAL CATARACTS FACIAL DYSMORPHISM NEUROPATHY SYNDROME - FIRST HUNGARIAN CASE REPORT]

SISKA Éva, NEUWIRTH Magdolna, REBECCA Gooding, MOLNÁR Mária Judit

[The congenital cataracts facial dysmorphism neuropathy (CCFDN) syndrome (OMIM 604168) is a recently described autosomal recessive developmental disorder. It is almost completely restricted to an endogamous group of the European Vlax Roma population, called the Rudari. The CCFDN syndrome is a complex phenotype involving multiple systems, characterized by facial dysmorphism, congenital cataracts, microcorneae, delayed early motor and intellectual development, hypogonadotrop hypogonadism,... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY]

PÁL Endre, ASCHERMANN Zsuzsanna, GÖMÖRI Éva, KOVÁCS Gábor Géza, SIMON Gábor, MARÓDI László, KOMOLY Sámuel, ILLÉS Zsolt

[Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare disease caused by the reactivation of an opportunistic agent, JC virus almost in every cases in immunodeficient conditions. The disease is characterized by multifocal demyelinating lesions of the central nervous system and causes death within a few months. The authors report two patients: a 67 year-old male treated because of chronic lymphoid leukemia, and a 19 year-old male having a hereditary immunodeficiency, X-linked hyper IgM syndrome.... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[Determining the term of schizencephaly]

KENÉZ József, LEEL-ŐSSY Lóránt

[Determining the term of schizencephaly 2007;60(05-06)]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007

[100 years of riddle… X. Jubilee Alzheimer’s disease congress on the 100th anniversary of disease description]

[100 years of riddle… X. Jubilee Alzheimer’s disease congress on the 100th anniversary of disease description 2007;60(05-06)]

Clinical Neuroscience

MAY 20, 2007