Clinical Neuroscience - 1969;22(10)

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Choosing how to explore in lumbar hernia operations, based on 373 cases over four years - 1965-1968]

ANDRÁSOFSZKY T., MÁTHÉ Á., NAGY P., ROTH Gy., KOMJÁTSZEGI S., SZABÓ Á., KISGYÖRGY Á.

[It is the authors' understanding that the most important criteria for the successful surgical treatment of lumbar hernias are the correct indication and timing of surgery, avoidance of myelography, minimal bone resection, but always complete root decompression. These criteria were applied in 373 operations between 1965 and 1968, with inter-arch exploration in 87.64% of cases. The situations which make each type of exploration possible or necessary are analysed. It is stressed that inter-arch... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[About granulomas in the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord]

BALÓ József

[In the study of spinal ganglion cysts, we have monitored granulomas that occur in the posterior gyri of the spinal cord. Although these granulomas also contain a chronic inflammatory component, they are also populated by endothelial, or more recently meningothelial, cells of the arachnoid. According to Verga and Rexed and Wennström, these granulomas are important as causative factors in the formation of cysts in spinal ganglia. Veith has observed granulomas in the root nerves in connection... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

Mélanoblastose et neurofibromatose

LUDO Van Bogaert

Les observations cliniques et génétiques rapportées indiquent que la blastomatose méningée et cutano-méningée, lorsqu'elle se présente comme une blastomatose isolable et sévère, entretient un lien, en apparence et surtout en familiarité, avec les dysplasies génétiques du système nerveux central. La conception mésoectodermique de l'ontogenèse de la mélanine explique non seulement l'apparition des neurinomes, des gliomes et des méningiomes, mais aussi la possibilité d'observer des processus... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Encephalodystrophy progressiva paranatalis]

CSERMELY Hubert

[The author analyses the histopathological picture of the subacute and chronic stages of paranatal asphyxia based on 3 observations. In the chronic stage, he suggests the name "status microcysticus" for the spongy loosening of the cortex and cortical bone, which should be distinguished from the van Bogaert and Leigh type "status spongiosus". The status microcysticus is the result of a functional or organic vascular lesion. Finally, he discusses Alpers' disease and considers that the majority of... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

Oro-lingual dyskinesia: a neurological enigma

MACDONALD Critchley

Author draws attention to a specialised dystonic syndrome involving mainly the muscles of the mouth, lips and tongue. Spasms can become so extensive that they can prevent the patient from writing, walking and standing. In particular, the muscles of the face and tongue may be affected. The pathogenesis and pathogenesis are not uniform. In the past, most cases of the disease were late complications of encephalitis. Nowadays this pathology is unlikely. Some cases strongly suggest a psychogenic... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Cerebrovascular accidents with psychiatric symptoms]

CSIKY Kálmán, CSIKY-WAGNER Rózsa, STRÖMPEL Ilona

[We have described and illustrated it with "model" cases: a) The acute reversible psychotic symptom complex of hypertensive encephalopathic meningo-cerebral oedema, which we reported in 1956, which presents as a cerebral vascular catastrophe and can be distinguished from the progressive form of meningo-cerebral oedema, the latter being known from an earlier date. b) Psychotic episodes of shorter or longer duration in the Binswanger-Grünthal form of cerebral vascular atherosclerosis, which,... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Data for the differential diagnosis of carotid circulation disorders]

DÉNES Iván

[Carotid circulation was found in 5% of the 1250 patients examined indiscriminately. According to literature pathology data, we should probably expect a higher prevalence rate. The history and clinical picture cannot be used to distinguish it from other pathological processes and cannot provide a definite indication of the location of the vascular lesion causing the carotid circulation defect. In addition to the usual investigative procedures, physical and instrumental examination of the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Electromyography controlled relaxation and Nivalin decurarisation]

FARAGÓ András, TASSONYI Edömér, LABANCZ Klára

[Authors checked the degree of curarisation and decurarisation in 20 cases of anaesthetised patients by electromyography. In 5 cases, decurarization was started at the time of maximal relaxation with Nivalin at 10 mg per dose, under electromyographic control until complete decurarization. It is concluded that doses higher than those reported in the literature can be used safely and that the drug is suitable for the suspension of complete curarization. No adverse side effects or recurarization... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Data on the plasticity of alpha activity clinical evaluation]

FREY Zsuzsa

[The alpha reactivity of 11 patients changed in parallel with the change in their mental stress state after light exposure. The analysis concluded that the adaptive capacity of the regulation maintaining the optimal level of arousal was not impaired.]

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Myositis of the eye muscles]

GALLAI Margit

[The author describes two cases of chronic orbital cellulitis with myositis. He reviews the clinical forms of orbital myositis, the names and classifications used in the literature, differential diagnostic methods and therapeutic options. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[On muscular and spinal cord disorders in old age]

HORÁNYI Béla

[In old age, the skeletal muscles progressively atrophy. There are significant individual differences in the time of onset, localisation and rate of progression of atrophy. It is usually most pronounced in the small muscles of the hand, forearm and leg. The conditions for its development are not known. It is probable that non-diminishing muscle activity delays the onset of atrophy. However, we have observed relatively early onset of atrophy in labourers and farmers with heavy physical work,... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Biochemical research problems in multiple sclerosis]

HUSZÁK István

[In this short publication, I will attempt to give a brief overview of the problems that we need to know about the chemical mechanisms of MS pathomechanisms in order to design our research and evaluate the results in a useful way, based on current neurobiological concepts.]

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Factors for aesthetic choice]

JAKAB Irén

[Our experimental studies show that children's aesthetic choices are influenced by the qualities of images in the following order: colour - style - content. Among the characteristics of the subjects, age seems to be the most important factor, gender being the next most important. It should be noted that the children in our report all come from middle-class backgrounds in Boston and its environs with the appropriate socio-cultural background.]

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Lumbar anaesthesia for severe neurological complications]

JOÓ Béla, TAKÁCS Piroska

[While in our first case the flaccid paresis and neuralgia pains of the left lower limb are most probably the result of a direct nervous system injury, in our second case we can exclude a direct nervous system injury. The acute headache, dizziness, nausea and tinnitus after the operation were probably the result of meningeal excitement. The symptoms suggest an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cerebellar spinal cord (meningitis serosa, circumscripta). The paralysis may be caused by... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Some questions about the use of antiepileptic drugs]

JUHÁSZ Pál

[The practice of using antiepileptic drugs has evolved from everyday, essentially casual experience. The practice, which in principle appears to be correct, has been steadily differentiated over the years. At present, however, the nearly 30-year history of modern antiepileptic therapy, which we can expect from the introduction of hydantoin use, allows a realistic assessment of this practice based on the therapeutic effectus of a large number of patients' medical histories. Recent literature... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Status and tasks of neuropathology]

KÖRNYEY István

[The word neuropathology has acquired its current meaning in the last 15-20 years, when it became synonymous with the pathology of the nervous system. Previously, "neuropathology" was used in the sense of "neurocognitive pathology". The change in terminology is a return to the custom of incorporating pathology and pathological pathology into the term pathology, and is still used in many places to refer to this dual profession and its institutions.]

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[The medical-psychological analysis of the poetry of Michelangelo and Shakespeare]

LEHOCZKY Tibor

[An analysis of the poetry of Michelangelo and Shakespeare, two giants of the mind, raises many interesting problems from the point of view of medical psychology. I wish to emphasise that I am concerned only with the sonnets of both, that is to say, with the collection of poems in which these two greatest geniuses of humanity express themselves with the utmost subjectivity.]

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Evolution of the body's regulatory function in the face of hypoxia during ontogenesis]

OBÁL Ferenc, SZ. VICSY Margit, MADARÁSZ István, TAKÁCS Ödön

[Authors investigated the change in 02 consumption in dogs aged 3-17 days during 3 or more episodes of associatively induced hypoxia and conditioned signalling. They found that there is a difference in the autonomic reactions to the application of the conditioned stimulus in relation to the ontogenetic development of the nervous system. At the youngest age, before about 20-30 days of age depending on the species, the nervous system undergoes an increase in vegetative changes mimicking the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Pathophysiology of subacute encephalopathies]

TARISKA István

[The author concludes, on the basis of neuropathological studies, that the criteria for the classification of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and related conditions into groups, neither by the quality of histological lesions nor by their topographical distribution, are sufficiently certain to be implemented without objection. In the vast majority of cases, histopathological signs of subacute spongiform encephalopathy are present; the classic Creutzfedt-Jakob syndrome is rare. The nature of the... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Carotid angiography detected during the procedure, signs of pathogenesis]

TUNKL Erika, DÉNES Iván

[Authors have observed the resistance of the vessel wall and its surroundings, the distance of the blood column from the puncture needle, and the neurological and reflex symptoms of vessel compression during the technical performance of 960 carotid angiography. The empirical data thus obtained, in agreement with the signs found on angiograms, will help to clarify the vascular pathologies of the brain. ]

Clinical Neuroscience

OCTOBER 01, 1969

[Forensic aspects of psychogenic disorders]

VARGHA Miklós

[Nyírő's 1959 summary of psychogenic reactions discusses psychogenic reactions primarily in terms of disorders of consciousness, but raised many other issues worthy of discussion. In discussing disorders of consciousness, I would stick to Nyírő's definition and division of disorders of consciousness as energetic changes and distinguish between integrative and lucid disorders. The integration of consciousness can be tight or loose, in pathological states tight or disintegrated. "With regard to... tovább »