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Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2019

[Psychological resources of positive aging ]

OLÁH Attila

[This study has four parts. In the first part of the study the career of successful aging construct has been presented through the literature of gerontology from Cicero until nowadays while highlighting the problems that were until now hindering the validation of that scientific construct. Suggestions for kin concepts instead of successful aging (e.g. active, optimal, vital, effective aging) have been reviewed in detail. The second part of the paper presents the results of longitudinal and cross sectional empirical studies about influencing factors of successful aging. The third part refers to the research outcomes of ageing people by the positive psychology and suggests the definition of positive aging as a state of good biological, psychological, social and spiritual functions which coincides with above average levels of psychological immunity and coping capacity and abilities of inventing successful strategies in the day-to-day practices. The fourth part of the paper describes an empirical study with 7,506 participants and demonstrates how the (emotional, psychological, social, spiritual) components of well being contribute to the maintaining of old-age physical and mental health further the psychological immunity, savoring capacity, positive orientation and flourishing. While comparing the flourishing levels of specific age groups there was a clear decline of individuals above 65 years with weakening psychological immunity. The study defines positive aging as the ability to maintain flourishing under fire of ageing associated challenges.]