Lege Artis Medicinae

[What is the doctor like, if female? - Female doctors’ ideal image based on empirical studies]

MOLNÁR Regina, GIRASEK Edmond, CSINÁDY Adriána, BUGÁN Antal

MARCH 22, 2012

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2012;22(03)

[The aim of our study was to examine thestereotypes about female doctors and howdo the female medical students perceivethe working female doctors whom are theirrole models. In the first study (247 from theAlbert Szent-Györgyi Medical and Pharma-ceutical Centre at the University of Szegedand 256 from the Medical and HealthScience Centre of the University ofDebrecen) the female medical students’professional socialization was compared tothe male counterparts’. In the second study(from University of Szeged, 214 femalemedical students, 132 female jurist stu-dents) female medical and jurist students'professional socialization was comparedincluding the comparison of stereotypes inconnection with working female doctorsand jurists. Female medical students’ professionalsocialization is different that of male coun-terparts in several aspects: being morealtruistic, more family centered, gettingcommited to the profession earlier, havingmore ambiguous carrier planes, and asmaller percentage of their parents’ has adegree or is a medical doctor, then for malemedical students. The female medical doc-tor has positive, idealistic, altruistic charac-ters according to both female studentgroups’ opinions. The female doctor’simage is more often associated with char-actersitics implying problems by femalemedical students then jurists. The unfold-ing image of these stereotypes is a femaledoctor who is willing to help, however,faceing lots of hardnesses during work.If the female medical students’ image of theproblematic life of these idealistic femaledoctors’ is known, it provides an opportu-nity to prepare them for the hardnessesthey’ll face avoiding role conflicts andhealth problems in the future.]



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OLÁH Mónika

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Clinical Neuroscience

[A családorvosok alvási apnoéval kapcsolatos ismeretei és attitűdjei. Megvalósul-e az OSAS szűrése a járművezetők egészségi alkalmasságának vizsgálata során?]


[Objective - Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) without treatment can cause serious cardiovascular, cardiorespiratory, neurological and other complications. Family physicians have an important role in recognizing the disease. The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge and attitude of family physicians related to sleep apnea. Whether OSAS screening is realized during the general medical checkup for drivers. Methods - In the cross-sectional study we used a validated OSAKA questionnaire in mandatory continuous medical education courses, supplemented with four additional questions. Results - 116 family physicians and 103 family medicine residents filled out the questionnaire. Hungarian family physicians, especially male doctors lack the adequate knowledge of sleep apnea. The average score of female physicians was significantly higher than that of males (13.4±1.8 vs. 11.7±2.6, p=0.005). The more sprecializations the doctor has, the higher the score. Zero or one special examination holders reached 12.5±2.3 points, two special examination holders 12.7±2.2 points. three or four special examination holders reached 14.0±2.1 (p=0.05). Residents’ average score was 12.1±2.4 points, which is higher than that of family doctors (p=0.012). Female residents also had higher average points than male residents (12.6±2.0 vs. 11.3±2.7; p=0.008). The size, location and type of the practice or the doctor’s age did not show any statistically significant correlation with the number of points achieved. According to our regression analysis, corrected to variables in the model, we found correlation between gender and medical knowledge, but there was no correlation between age, number of specialities, body mass index and the theoretical knowledge of the doctors. In terms of attitude female GPs had higher average scores than male GPs (3.5±0.6 vs. 2.9±0.6, p<0.001). Despite the modification of the 13/1992 regulation only 39% of the practices carried out regularly the required OSAS screening as part of the medical examination for a driving licence. Conclusions - Despite the high prevalence and clinical importance of OSAS, GPs often do not recognize sleep apnea and they have difficulty in treating their patients for this problem.]