Lege Artis Medicinae

[Visibility and quality of life: international literature review of the state of LMBTQ healers]

SZÉL Zsuzsanna, CSEKŐ Csilla, GYŐRFFY Zsuzsa

FEBRUARY 05, 2016

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2016;26(01-02)

[BACKGROUND - Mental vulnerability is a well-known problem among healthcare professionals. In additional LGBT physicians’ discriminatory experiences and the exposure of minority stress appear to be a greater risk for health problems. METHODS - We collate researches in English by using search terms “LGBT doctors” “LGBT providers” “LGBT physicians”; “attitudes of nurses”; “attitudes of medical students”; “attitudes of doctors”; “LGBT practitioners”, “homophobia among doctors” „“homophobia among physicians”; “LGBT in medical curricula”, “sexual and gender minority”, “minority stress”. We reviewed findings highlighting the disclosure of orientation, experiences, mental and physical health of LGBT healthcare professionals, and physicians’, nurses’, medical students’ and patients’ attitudes towards LGBT students and physicians. RESULTS - At present conditions of LGBT individuals have gained international attention also in academic conversation. Based on the literature lack of safe, supporting environment seems to be the highest problem for LGBT physicians and medical students. Both in Canada and the USA several steps were made to improve attitudes of medical professionals, and decrease discrimination towards LGBT individuals in healthcare system such as creating more supportive environment by ‘Promoting pride’ and integrating LGBT-related content into medical universities’ curriculum. CONCLUSIONS - Our findings suggest that in Canada and the United States the rate of discrimination have decreased meanwhile transparency of LGBT professionals elevated as a result of antidiscrimination policies and the educational development.]

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