Lege Artis Medicinae

[Treating methods of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and related difficulties in daily practice ]

MOLNÁR Márton1, CSATLÓS Dalma1, HARGITTAY Csenge1, MOHOS András2, TERRAY-HORVÁTH Attila3, DOMBOVÁRI Magdolna3

MAY 20, 2019

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2019;29(04-05)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33616/lam.29.021

[Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the most common breathing disorder during sleep. Its incidence is between 2-4%, but in many cases, the disease is not recognized. It has many symptoms, but the most typical symptoms are loud snoring and daytime sleepiness. Treatment always consists of several elements depending on the patients’ specific needs. When deciding on which treatment to use efficiency and the patients’ compliance are the key factors. The necessity of the therapy can be determined by three criteria: clinical complaints (daytime discomfort), the severity of the breathing disorder and the accompanying cardiovascular diseases. Treating possibilities for the mild to moderate OSAS are lifestyle changes (losing weight, avoiding alcohol and sedative drugs), positional therapy, oral appliances, and varied surgical corrections. For patients with moderate to severe OSAS and mild OSAS with severe symptoms the first line therapy is continuous positive airway pressure. In addition to presenting new therapeutic options, the authors describe the role of the family physician in the care of apnea patients.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Családorvosi Tanszék
  2. Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Családorvosi Intézet és Rendelô
  3. Magyar Honvédség Egészségügyi Központ Alvásdiagnosztikai és Terápiás Központ

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