Lege Artis Medicinae

[The Scientific Society for Public Health was founded]

BOJÁN Ferenc1

OCTOBER 30, 1991

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1991;1(16)

[It is now widely known that the state of public health in Hungary has deteriorated over the past decades. By the end of the 1980s, all the key indicators of health status showed that we were falling behind the developed industrialised countries to an alarming extent. ]

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  1. NETT Ügyvezetői Tanácsának Tagja

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Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Cardiac rehabilitation a review]

VICTOR Froelicher, CRES P. Miranda

[The questions of cardiac rehabilitation are reviewed evaluating own personal experiences and pertaining current literature. The authors touch upon the question of early mobilization, as well as supervised and non supervised exercise. The criteria for the implementation of coronary angiography and acute revascularization procedures in the early phase of myocardial infarction are established. They review the secondary prevention of myocardial infarction and the effects of rehabilitation training on the patients prognosis.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Problems of organ transplantation - donor care]

RETTEGHY Tibor

[The development of the definition of brain death which is fundamental in cadaver organ removal for transplantation purposes is reviewed. Brain stem death, an alternative term for brain death is based primarily on clinical findings namely the irreversible cessation of cephalic reflexes and spontaneous breathing. Hypothermia, metabolic and endocrine abnormalities, prolonged muscle relaxant, sedative or hypnotic drug action should be excluded. The early recognition of potential donor and the maintenance of basic life function at the Intensive Care Unit and the operating theater are essential for the good function of the transplanted organs. Normal homeostasis should be maintained by ensuring adequate fluid intake, good circulation and urine output. Brain death potential donors can exhibit persistent spinal reflexes and spontaneous movement wich may be erroneously interpreted as signs of life. The problem of the determination of brain death under 4 year of age is also discussed although law does not allow to use them as potentional donors in Hungary. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[A review of a three year period in general practice]

FARKAS Tibor

[The author summarizes his work as a general practicioner in a village of 2000 people. He aimed to construct racional conditions of health care using technical, educational and organizing tools. Patients are reported to be satisfied and positive tendencies appeared in medicamentum consumption, and the number of sick days decreared from 13 673 to 10 198 per year. Less consultations of specialists and ask for hospital admission war performed. Indispensability of computers in the management of general practice is stressed. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Having got a district]

SZABÓ János

[A beginner young general practicioner summarizes the experiences of his first year of work. Complex preparation for this work at the university, and the build up of the new practice of basic health service is described. Care of hypertension and diabetes is detailed, as an example how important and difficult is to reorganise this part of the work. The first year of experience gives a good possibility to look over the lack of undergraduate teaching This type of data collection and critical analysis seems to be necessary for a better planning of the forthcoming medical work. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Chlamydia Pneumoniae: a new respiratory disease]

MARTON Anna , FÓRIS Katalin, SZALKA András, KÁROLYI Alice

[Current knowledge of Chlamydia pneumoniae, a newly recognized Chlamydia species that causes acute respiratory infection is summarized. Microbiology, classification and the laboratory diagnosis of the organism are discussed. Serological studies in Hungary suggest that almost everyone is infected during lifetime and reinfection is common as well. The organism appears to spread from human to human. Tetracyclin or erythromycin is recommended for the treatment of the Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. ]

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[LAM 30: 1990–2020. Facing the mirror: Three decades of LAM, the Hungarian medicine and health care system]

KAPÓCS Gábor

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Comparison of direct costs of percutaneous full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy and microdiscectomy: Results from Turkey

ÜNSAL Ünlü Ülkün, ŞENTÜRK Salim

Microdiscectomy (MD) is a stan­dard technique for the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Uniportal percutaneous full-endoscopic in­terlaminar lumbar discectomy (PELD) is another surgical op­tion that has become popular owing to reports of shorter hos­pitalization and earlier functional recovery. There are very few articles analyzing the total costs of these two techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare total hospital costs among microdiscectomy (MD) and uniportal percutaneous full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy (PELD). Forty patients aged between 22-70 years who underwent PELD or MD with different anesthesia techniques were divided into four groups: (i) PELD-local anesthesia (PELD-Local) (n=10), (ii) PELD-general anesthesia (PELD-General) (n=10), (iii) MD-spinal anesthesia (MD-Spinal) (n=10), (iv) MD-general anesthesia (MD-General) (n=10). Health care costs were defined as the sum of direct costs. Data were then analyzed based on anesthetic modality to produce a direct cost evaluation. Direct costs were compared statistically between MD and PELD groups. The sum of total costs was $1,249.50 in the PELD-Local group, $1,741.50 in the PELD-General group, $2,015.60 in the MD-Spinal group, and $2,348.70 in the MD-General group. The sum of total costs was higher in the MD-Spinal and MD-General groups than in the PELD-Local and PELD-General groups. The costs of surgical operation, surgical equipment, anesthesia (anesthetist’s costs), hospital stay, anesthetic drugs and materials, laboratory wor­kup, nur­sing care, and postoperative me­dication diffe­red significantly among the two main groups (PELD-MD) (p<0.01). This study demonstrated that PELD is less costly than MD.

Clinical Neuroscience

Cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine for the treatment of Alzheimer and non-Alzheimer dementias

BALÁZS Nóra , BERECZKI Dániel, KOVÁCS Tibor

In aging societies, the morbidity and mortality of dementia is increasing at a significant rate, thereby imposing burden on healthcare, economy and the society as well. Patients’ and caregivers’ quality of life and life expectancy are greatly determined by the early diagnosis and the initiation of available symptomatic treatments. Cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine have been the cornerstones of Alzheimer’s therapy for approximately two decades and over the years, more and more experience has been gained on their use in non-Alzheimer’s dementias too. The aim of our work was to provide a comprehensive summary about the use of cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine for the treatment of Alzheimer’s and non-Alzheimers’s dementias.

Clinical Neuroscience

[The connection between the socioeconomic status and stroke in Budapest]

VASTAGH Ildikó, SZŐCS Ildikó, OBERFRANK Ferenc, AJTAY András, BERECZKI Dániel

[The well-known gap bet­ween stroke mortality of Eastern and Western Euro­pean countries may reflect the effect of socioeconomic diffe­rences. Such a gap may be present between neighborhoods of different wealth within one city. We set forth to compare age distribution, incidence, case fatality, mortality, and risk factor profile of stroke patients of the poorest (District 8) and wealthiest (District 12) districts of Budapest. We synthesize the results of our former comparative epidemiological investigations focusing on the association of socioeconomic background and features of stroke in two districts of the capital city of Hungary. The “Budapest District 8–12 project” pointed out the younger age of stroke patients of the poorer district, and established that the prevalence of smoking, alcohol-consumption, and untreated hypertension is also higher in District 8. The “Six Years in Two Districts” project involving 4779 patients with a 10-year follow-up revealed higher incidence, case fatality and mortality of stroke in the less wealthy district. The younger patients of the poorer region show higher risk-factor prevalence, die younger and their fatality grows faster during long-term follow-up. The higher prevalence of risk factors and the higher fatality of the younger age groups in the socioeconomically deprived district reflect the higher vulnerability of the population in District 8. The missing link between poverty and stroke outcome seems to be lifestyle risk-factors and lack of adherence to primary preventive efforts. Public health campaigns on stroke prevention should focus on the young generation of socioeconomi­cally deprived neighborhoods. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Vaccines against COVID-19 pandemic]

FALUS András, SZEKANECZ Zoltán

[The rapidly spreading SARS-CoV2 respiratory virus has evoked an epidemic with serious aftermath around the world. In addition to the health effects, the global economic damage is actually unpredictable. At the same time, the pandemic has launched a series of unprecedented collaborative scientific research, including the development of vaccines. This study summarizes up-to-date information on vaccines, immune memory, and some emerging clinical effects.]