Lege Artis Medicinae

[The Metamorphoses of Turandot – Thoughts About Puccini’s Opera ]

WINKLER Gábor

FEBRUARY 05, 2016

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2016;26(01-02)

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[Bayesian statistical methods in medicine]

MOLNÁR D. László

[Frequentist statistical methods are wide-spread and their use is easy due to the many statistical softwares and books available for the researchers. Despite the growing interest in Bayesian statistical methods teaching statistics is still mainly based on the frequentist theory. Frequentist statistics is based on the definition of probability as a relative frequency, while the Bayesian probability is a quantity that represents a state of knowledge or belief. Bayesian statistics is, in essence, a learning process. In certain situations the bayesian methods are the only possibility for data analysis. Bayesian statistical methods can be applied well in health data analysis. Every re- searcher is, to a certain extent, a Bayesian. The article discusses the application of Bayesian statistical methods in medicine. ]

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[The Revolution of Art – Russian Avantgarde in the 1910s and the 1920s ]

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VANYA Melinda, SZILI Károly, KELLERMAN Péter, KISS János, KAISER László, LAJOS György

[OBJECTIVE - We report the rare case of a 47-year-old man with malignant fibrous histiocytoma, developing in the right tibia. CASE REPORT - We report a case of a 47 year-old man with chronic pain in his right leg. Magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy was performed. His pathological result was malignant fibrous histiocytoma. CONCLUSIONS - The management of malignant fibrous histiocytoma contains the combination of surgical procedure, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The diagnosis and the total removal of the tumour is very difficult. ]

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[INTRODUCTION - The aim of the study was to explore the differences in motivations between successful quitters and smokers who just consider quitting. Self-reported motivations of exsmokers' smoking cessation and the reasoning of current smokers who consider quitting were analyzed. SUBJECTS AND METHODS - The study is based on Hungarostudy Health Panel conducted in 2005, which is the second wave of Hungarostudy 2002, a national representative health survey of the adult Hungarian population. Of the subjects involved in this follow-up study, data from 3701 persons could be analyzed. RESULTS - About half of the respondents had never smoked, one fifth of them had quitted and 28 percent smoked. More than half of the current smokers (52%) contemplated on giving up smoking. Among ex-smokers and contemplating current smokers alike (38-40%), disease prevention was mentioned as the single most important reason of cessation. Financial reasons were mostly mentioned by current smokers; ex-smokers were more likely to explain their decision with deteriorating health, the occurrence of certain diseases. Among these, cardio-vascular morbidity played the most important role in smoking cessation while cancers, respiratory disease and diabetes also significantly increased the odds of quitting. Social pressure was a reason for quitting mostly among women and elderly persons. Among current smokers, those living in partner relationship and the better-off tended to entertain thoughts of quitting because of social pressure. CONCLUSION - The results confirm the importance of cardiovascular diseases in smoking cessation: although people emphasize primary preventive purposes of their cessation efforts, in fact secondary prevention, i.e., existing circulatory and heart problems play the major role both in actual cessation and in quitting considerations.]

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