Lege Artis Medicinae

[Telephone based supporting program to quit tobacco smoking in Hungary]

TÓTH Erzsébet1, CSELKÓ Zsuzsa1, DARWISH Diána1, PATAKI Erika1, BARTA Veronika 1, CSÁNYI Péter1, BOGOS Krisztina1

FEBRUARY 24, 2022

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2022;32(01-02)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33616/lam.32.006

Journal Article

[The National Korányi Institute of Pulmonology, Methodology Centre for Tobacco Smoking Cessation Support has been operating a free quitline since 2013. The aim of the program is to provide professional advice on how to quit smoking, to spread information about supporting services and to refer interested smokers to specialized health care providers. Proactive calls following a specific protocol are available once a week for a six week period. This study presents the activities of our service in the last six years. Data of our retrospective longitudinal study were analysed by descrip­tive statistical methods. Between 2015 and 2020, there were received 24 286 messages received on the answering machine of the quit-line service. We were able to initiate conversation with approximately 55% of the interested callers. The free of charge quit-line is used predominantly by lower educated and indigent people. Program participants had a serious nicotine addiction. The program is particularly useful for smokers who are otherwise less likely to receive expert support. Between 2015 and 2020, the average abstinence rate of program participants was 16% after their proactive calls. The initial abstinence rate was 19% in 2015, which dropped to 6% in 2020. In this period the average quit rate was 13% at the six-month and 9% at the one-year follow-up. One possible reason for the low cessation rate is that the telephone counselling program can focus only on changing the patients’ behaviour without the in-person help of pharmacological support. Thus healthcare workers play a key role in encouraging of quit smoking and managing the nicotine withdrawal.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Országos Korányi Pulmonológiai Intézet

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