Lege Artis Medicinae

[Screening for depression and suicidal risk in family and general medical practice]

RIHMER Zoltán, SZILI Ilona, KALABAY László, TORZSA Péter

FEBRUARY 12, 2017

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2017;27(01-02)

[According to both international and national studies the point prevalence of diagnosed major depression requiring treatment is 6-10 percent in general practice. As un­treated depression is the most important risk factor for suicide, early detection and effective management of depression (especially depression which predisposes sui-cide) are critical in prevention. According to international and national studies the re-cognition of major depression in primary care significantly contributes to the decline of suicide mortality. In our article we present two short questionnaires used for re-cognising depression and acute suicide risk and we describe their use in family/ general practice. We aim to raise awareness of the need of a systematic, nationwide sui-cide prevention programme which is supported on government level as well. ]

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[Behavioral therapy of diabetes mellitus]

SAL István, KOHLNÉ Papp Ildikó

[Diabetes is a model disease of behavior therapy. Its treatment is in the hands of patients for the most part, who must make decisions about their treatment every day, which affect their health status, prognosis and risk of developing complications of the disease. This common and complex treatment represents a significant burden for the majority of patients. In practice, a significant number of patients do not follow one or more cornerstones of self-management: physical activity, healthy diet, and use of medication. Based on research results diabetic patients' quality of life and psychological state is significantly worse than those of non-diabetics, which tend to deteriorate the medical collaboration and health status. In addition, certain psychiatric disorders (depression, anxiety, eating disorders), are also more common, which impair the quality of self-treatment as well. Early detection and treatment is of great importance, but in practice, only 10% of patients get psychological treatment, despite the fact that nearly 40% of them experience psychological symptoms. Based on the above, behavior remedial methods are highly recommended to be applied in the field of diabetes care in order upgrade quality of life, although they are not yet considered as commonly accepted in psychoeducation. Our aim is to summarise the practical and proven methods of behavioral remedies in addition to the literature review. In the case study demonstrate the authors the addition of transtheoretical model. The first order condition of self-management is the adoption of the disease and motivation, afterwards comes the teaching of theoretical and practical knowledge, and the ongoing diabetes education. ]

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